Leadership Education: Who Needs That?


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Webinar with Nicole Stedman, presented for the University of Phoenix School of Advanced Studies

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  • Eric will thank Leona for the invitation, then turn it over to Nicole.
  • Nicole
  • Eric
  • Eric Note: My hope is that we answer some questions but leave you with more questions than you started with. The questions will drive further learning.
  • Eric http://www.archive-ilr.com/archives-2007/2007-06/2007-06-bates-cartoon.php
  • Nicole
  • Nicole
  • Nicole
  • Nicole
  • Nicole
  • Nicole
  • Nicole How much confidence do you have in the leadership of the following sectors?
  • Nicole
  • Nicole
  • Nicole
  • Nicole
  • Nicole
  • Eric http://www.archive-ilr.com/archives-2008/2008-01/2008-01-bates-cartoon.php
  • Eric For more insight on this project, view the video of a related panel discussion on ILA’s YouTube channel
  • Eric Refer to video, “Leadership Lessons from Dancing Guy” (http://sivers.org/ff)
  • Eric
  • Eric
  • Nicole http://www.archive-ilr.com/archives-2009/2009-06/2009-06-leadership-cartoon.php
  • Nicole http://www.archive-ilr.com/archives-2009/2009-06/2009-06-leadership-cartoon2.php
  • Nicole
  • Eric
  • Eric
  • Eric & Nicole
  • Eric & Nicole
  • Leadership Education: Who Needs That?

    1. 1. Leadership Education, Who Needs That? A Conversation on the Breadth and Depth of the Field Dr. Eric Kaufman, Virginia Tech University Dr. Nicole Stedman, University of Florida
    2. 3. Session Agenda <ul><li>Why Studying Leadership Matters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How we study leadership matters, too! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Identifying Emerging Issues Facing Leadership Education </li></ul><ul><li>How Leadership Education is Positioned to Address Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Wrap Up Q&A </li></ul>
    3. 4. Caveat on Studying Leadership <ul><li>“ The distinctive feature of leadership is that it would appear the more we learn about leadership, the more we realize we have to and want to learn.” (Jackson & Parry, 2008, p. 9) </li></ul>Leadership Cartoon by Mark Hill and Russ Volckmann, published in Integral Leadership Review, October 2009
    4. 5. Why Studying Leadership Matters Leadership Cartoon by Bill Bates, published in Integral Leadership Review, June 2007
    5. 6. What we see in our Leaders <ul><li>Truly Authentic Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>By Bill George </li></ul><ul><li>Posted 10/22/06 </li></ul><ul><li>If ever there was a time when America needs leaders, it's now. The litany of problems is all too familiar—Iraq, healthcare, schools, energy, the seemingly endless series of corporate scandals. What's nowhere to be found, however—or almost nowhere—is the leadership needed to fix things. The problem isn't the lack of potential leaders, however, but a wrongheaded notion of what exactly a leader is. This misguided notion of leadership often results in the wrong people attaining critical leadership roles. Search committees and voters alike fall into the trap of choosing leaders for their style rather than their substance, for their image instead of their integrity. Given this way of doing business, why should we be surprised when our leaders come up short? </li></ul>
    6. 7. National Leadership Index 2010 <ul><li>Our confidence in our leaders is at best unsteady </li></ul><ul><li>Our political views still largely dictate our perceptions about leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Undoubtedly we see our country in crisis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We recognize the influence of leadership on our country’s success </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We are indifferent to the effectiveness of our country’s leaders </li></ul></ul>
    7. 8. We have a leadership crisis in the country today (?) <ul><li>Nat’l Leadership Index 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>University of Phoenix SAS </li></ul>
    8. 9. Unless we get better leaders, the U.S. will decline as a nation (?) <ul><li>Nat’l Leadership Index 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>University of Phoenix SAS </li></ul>
    9. 10. Overall, our country’s leaders are effective and do a good job (?) <ul><li>Nat’l Leadership Index 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>University of Phoenix SAS </li></ul>
    10. 11. Across the Sectors <ul><li>The grass is always greener </li></ul><ul><li>What happens when we look for leaders in each of the following sectors? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational </li></ul></ul>
    11. 13. “ Leadership to be able to think critically and act responsibly as is the ultimate goal for all people, no matter what their desired vocation.” (McManus, 2009)
    12. 14. Business <ul><li>Fine line between preparing people for management and leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Growing need to ensure that business leaders can be more than orators, but also more than martinets (Doh, 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Keen attention to bringing forth concepts of ethics, decision-making, and critical thinking </li></ul>
    13. 15. Community <ul><li>Focus is on Gemeinschaft principles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In contrast to Gesellschaft (Bartle, 2007) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Complex political scenarios play out in communities every day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>History and Tradition play havoc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tools of facilitation, conflict resolution and co-optation are important </li></ul>
    14. 16. Educational <ul><li>Whether it is K-12 or Post-Secondary there is intense scrutiny over decisions made by educational leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Students need relevant introduction to leadership in secondary school programs </li></ul><ul><li>Universities need to continue to focus on programs, majors and activities which reinforce concepts and academic instruction related to leadership </li></ul>
    15. 17. How We Study Leadership Matters, Too! <ul><li>We learn what is meaningful, leadership education must be presented in ways which guide learners through experiences (Doh, 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Increased value in understanding the internationalization of leadership (Jackson and Parry, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>All leadership scholars must value the theoretical and the praxis of leadership </li></ul>
    16. 18. Emerging Issues Facing Leadership Education Leadership Cartoon by Bill Bates, published in Integral Leadership Review, January 2008
    17. 19. Quest for a General Theory of Leadership (Goethals & Sorenson, 2006) <ul><li>Wide range of disciplines: Philosophy, Political Science, Anthropology, Psychology, Communications, Public Administration, History, & Leadership Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Disagreements among academics regarding definitions, process, & structure </li></ul>Leadership Cartoon by Mark Hill and Russ Volckmann, published in Integral Leadership Review, March 2010
    18. 20. Changing Nature of Leadership (Martin, 2007) <ul><li>Challenges are becoming more complex </li></ul><ul><li>Greater reliance on interdependent work </li></ul><ul><li>Viewing leadership as a collective process </li></ul>
    19. 21. Growth & Prominence of the Field <ul><li>Formal Education Programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ILA Directory of Leadership Education Programs exceeds 1,500 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Non-formal Education Programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Companies typically spend $2,000 per leader each year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sustained Inter-disciplinary Effort </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Association of Leadership Educators celebrated 20 years! </li></ul></ul>
    20. 22. How Leadership Studies is Changing Leadership Cartoon by Mark Hill, published in Integral Leadership Review, October 2008
    21. 23. Moving Beyond Traditional Questions (Hackman & Wageman, 2007) <ul><li>Not do leaders make a difference, but under what conditions does leadership matter? </li></ul><ul><li>Not what are the traits of leaders, but how do leaders' personal attributes interact with situational properties to shape outcomes? </li></ul>Leadership Cartoon by Mark Hill and Russ Volckmann, published in Integral Leadership Review, June 2009
    22. 24. Moving Beyond Traditional Questions (Hackman & Wageman, 2007) <ul><li>Not how do leaders and followers differ, but how can leadership models be reformulated so they treat all system members as both leaders and followers? </li></ul><ul><li>Not what should be taught in leadership courses, but how can leaders be helped to learn? </li></ul>Leadership Cartoon by Mark Hill and Russ Volckmann, published in Integral Leadership Review, March 2009
    23. 25. Questions for Leadership Educators (Townsend, 2002) <ul><li>What is the true purpose for leadership education and do leadership organizations deliver what they promise? </li></ul><ul><li>Is leadership different among diverse cultures? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the best teaching/learning environments for leadership education? </li></ul>
    24. 26. Foundational Considerations (Middlebrooks & Allen, 2008) <ul><li>Theoretical Framework </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Pedagogy or Andragogy </li></ul><ul><li>Influences </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul>
    25. 27. Guiding Questions Project (Ritch & Mengel, 2009) <ul><li>Program Considerations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conceptual Framework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching & Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outcomes & Assessment </li></ul></ul>Leadership Cartoon by Mark Hill and Russ Volckmann, published in Integral Leadership Review, October 2010
    26. 28. New-Genre Leadership Theories (Avolio, Walumbwa, & Weber, 2009) <ul><li>Complexity Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership that is shared, collective, or distributed </li></ul>
    27. 29. New Trans-Disciplinary Programs <ul><li>Virginia Tech Example </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate Certificate in Collaborative Community Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>“ Leadership Foundations for Diverse Contexts” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Leadership in a Global Society” </li></ul><ul><li>13 different academic departments represented in coursework </li></ul><ul><li>University of Florida Example </li></ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary program drawing from each college on campus </li></ul><ul><li>15 hours with 9 hours of dedicated leadership instruction combined with communication and ethics courses </li></ul><ul><li>Preparing undergraduates for life beyond the classroom </li></ul>
    28. 30. Questions & Discussion
    29. 31. References <ul><li>Ardichvili, A., & Manderscheid, S. V. (2008). Emerging practices in leadership development. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 10 (5), 619-631. doi:10.1177/1523422308321718 </li></ul><ul><li>Avolio, B. J., Walumbwa, F. O., & Weber, T. J. (2009). Leadership: Current theories, research, and future directions. Annual Review of Psychology, 60 (1), 421-449. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.60.110707.163621 </li></ul><ul><li>Bartle, P. (2007). Leadership: Identifying and training community leaders. Retrieved from http://www.scn.org/cmp/modules/lea-tse.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Doh, J. (2003). Can leadership be taught? Perspectives from management educators. Academy of Management Learning & Education 2 (1), 54-67. doi:10.5465/AMLE.2003.9324025 </li></ul><ul><li>George, B. (2006, October 22). Truly authentic leadership. U.S. News. Retrieved from http://www.usnews.com/usnews/news/articles/061022/30authentic.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Goethals, G. R., & Sorenson, G. J. (Eds.). (2006). The quest for a general theory of leadership . Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing. </li></ul><ul><li>Hackman, J. R., & Wageman, R. (2007). Asking the right questions about leadership: Discussion and conclusions. American Psychologist, 62 (1), 43-47. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.62.1.43 </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson, B., & Parry, K. (2008). Introduction: Why studying leadership matters. In A very short, fairly interesting and reasonably cheap book about studying leadership (pp. 3-22). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Available from http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/15686_02_Jackson_&_Parry_Ch_01.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Martin, A. (2007). The changing nature of leadership . Greensboro, NC: Center for Creative Leadership. Available from http://www.ccl.org/leadership/pdf/research/NatureLeadership.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>McManus, R.M. (2009). The importance of leadership education and leader development. Revista de Administração da UNIMEP 7 (2), 47-56. Available from http://www.raunimep.com.br/ojs/index.php/regen/article/viewArticle/162 </li></ul><ul><li>Middlebrooks, A., & Allen, S. J. (2008). Leadership education: New challenges, continuing issues. International Leadership Journal, 1 (1), 77-85. Available from http://www.tesc.edu/files/ILJ_Nov_2008_final.pdf#page=78 </li></ul><ul><li>Rath, T., & Conchie, B. (2008). Strengths based leadership: Great leaders, teams, and why people follow . New York: Gallup. </li></ul><ul><li>Ritch, S. W., & Mengel, T. (2009). Guiding questions: Guidelines for leadership education programs. Journal of Leadership Education, 8 (1), 216-227. Available from http://bigcat.fhsu.edu/jole/issues/JOLE_8_1.pdf#page=238 </li></ul><ul><li>Rosenthal, S. A., Pittinsky, T. L., Maruskin, L. A., & Montoya, R. M. (2010). National leadership index 2010: A national study of confidence in leadership . Cambridge, MA: Center for Public Leadership, Harvard Kennedy School, Harvard University. Available from http://www.centerforpublicleadership.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=355&Itemid=87 </li></ul><ul><li>Sivers, D. (2010). First follower: Leadership lessons from dancing guy . Available from http://sivers.org/ff </li></ul><ul><li>Townsend, C. D. (2002). Leadership education: Fantasy or reality? Journal of Leadership Education, 1 (1), 35-40. Available from http://bigcat.fhsu.edu/jole/issues/JOLE_1_1.pdf#page=39 </li></ul>