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  • What part of Latin America you have information about? What kind of information? Are you connected (personally or otherwise) with Latin America?
  • We are still missing big populations of Latin Americans located in several states of the United States such Queens (New York City), Paterson (New Jersey) and Los Angeles (California). Other States with big populations are Michigan, North Carolina, Colorado. PREGUNTARLES: What continent are you from? –AMERICA—The Panama Canal is a man-made construction/channel or (route [rút])
  • PREGUNTARLES: What continent are you from? –AMERICA—The Panama Canal is a man-made construction/channel or (route [rút]) 1914.
  • The process by which various elements from one culture are fused into another culture to form a new cultural unit. Latin American culture and humanities are essentially syncretic.
  • The process by which various elements from one culture are fused into another culture to form a new cultural unit. Latin American culture and humanities are essentially syncretic.
  • Admiratio: From Latin, meaning "wonderment". Early Latin Europeans in the Americas reacted to each and every novelty they encountered with amazement, wonderment, appreciation, admiration, ecstacy. In the 20th century Latin Americans rediscovered this sense of amazement over their own realities
  • Admiratio: From Latin, meaning "wonderment". Early Latin Europeans in the Americas reacted to each and every novelty they encountered with amazement, wonderment, appreciation, admiration, ecstacy. In the 20th century Latin Americans rediscovered this sense of amazement over their own realities
  • From Latin, meaning "fear of a vacuum/void". The aspects of pre-Columbian humanities that show a tendency to fill up all available space for carving, painting, ritual, etc., demonstrate the notion of horror vacui . Also, Spanish baroque linguistic and visual humanities also demonstrate this characteristic. Therefore, in Latin America, which is a fusion of pre-Columbian and Spanish-American traits, one sees a heightened presence of horror vacui in the humanities.
  • From Latin, meaning "desire". A strong motivation for Latin-European conquest was getting rich and powerful. Cupio involves such a strong desire for possession of valuable things (gold, silver, jewels, land, souls, etc.) among native Americans that it led to a violent lust for them. This is one of the principle characteristics of the periods of Conquest and Colonization. This was the city of Aztec emperor Moctezuma that Cortez wanted to hand over as a prize to his king, Emperor Charles V (above, a 1930 artistic impression). But in the terrible siege of 1521, Cortez and his army, supported by thousands of the Aztecs´ enemies, ended up destroying most of it.
  • From Latin, meaning "desire". A strong motivation for Latin-European conquest was getting rich and powerful. Cupio involves such a strong desire for possession of valuable things (gold, silver, jewels, land, souls, etc.) among native Americans that it led to a violent lust for them. This is one of the principle characteristics of the periods of Conquest and Colonization. This was the city of Aztec emperor Moctezuma that Cortez wanted to hand over as a prize to his king, Emperor Charles V (above, a 1930 artistic impression). But in the terrible siege of 1521, Cortez and his army, supported by thousands of the Aztecs´ enemies, ended up destroying most of it.
  • From Latin, meaning "religion". The motivation and process by which Latin-nation European colonizers imposed their own form of Christianity on native-American peoples. This is one of the principle characteristics of the periods of Conquest and Colonization. For the purposes of the course, the term can be extended to the unique encounter between Roman Catholicism and the multiplicity of indigenous religions that predated the introduction of Christianity in Latin America and that, in many cases continue in the present to survive alongside or fused with various forms of Christianity and African religions. CONVERSION TO CATHOLICISM = ATAHUALPA versus PIZARRO. CHRONICLERS.
  • From Latin, meaning "religion". The motivation and process by which Latin-nation European colonizers imposed their own form of Christianity on native-American peoples. This is one of the principle characteristics of the periods of Conquest and Colonization. For the purposes of the course, the term can be extended to the unique encounter between Roman Catholicism and the multiplicity of indigenous religions that predated the introduction of Christianity in Latin America and that, in many cases continue in the present to survive alongside or fused with various forms of Christianity and African religions. CONVERSION TO CATHOLICISM = ATAHUALPA versus PIZARRO. CHRONICLERS.
  • “ Lo real maravilloso” marvelous is different to magic. In the US we talk about magic, if we don ’ t have an explanation then it is magical, but in LA cultures when there is not explanation then it is marvelous. ** This is a movement in Latin American humanities during the second half of the 20th century which features a birthing of cutting edge innovations such as the Novel of the Boom, a fusion of prior aesthetic movements, international recognition for Latin American humanists, experimentation, a rediscovery of the marvelous in Latin American reality, and the like.
  • One of the root ideas of so-called Magical Realism, based on the notion of the original Greek earth modern goddess, Chthon. The notion is that all of Latin American reality and expression in language and the arts arises from and is based on what comes specifically and uniquely from the earth of Latin America.
  • One of the root ideas of so-called Magical Realism, based on the notion of the original Greek earth modern goddess, Chthon. The notion is that all of Latin American reality and expression in language and the arts arises from and is based on what comes specifically and uniquely from the earth of Latin America.
  • Transcript

    • 1. HUM 2461Humanities of LatinAmericaSFC Spring 2012Dr. Ericka GhersiDr. Regiani ZacariasDay 1Tuesday, January 8th, 2013
    • 2. Day 1A• Introduction to class• Attendance• Health issues• Pop quiz• Course Hosekeeping• Homework for Thursday• Opening Web PresentationToday’s Agenda
    • 3. Professor Zacarias• Brazil – USA – Florida• Fulbright Scholar-in-Residence @ SF2012-2013• English professor: UNESP, São PauloState University, Brazil• Co-teaching 3 courses this semester
    • 4. Professor Ghersi• Peru – Ohio – Spain – Mexico – Ecuador–Florida (B.A. / M.A. / Ph.D.)• University of Florida• Stetson University• Santa Fe College• Associate Professor, Department ofHumanities and Foreign Languages
    • 5. 1. Your name.2. Your heritage.3. Why are you taking this class?4. What do you expect to learn in this class?
    • 6. Course housekeeping• CLASS HOURS: TH 12:30-1:45• CLASS B-32B• OFFICE HOURS: T&H 11:00-12:00• Email: ericka.ghersi@sfcollege.edu• Web: http://people.sfcollege.edu/ericka.ghersi/• COURSE WEBSITE:http://people.sfcollege.edu/ericka.ghersi/HUM2461.html
    • 7. GRADABLE WORK• Homework: (10 x 15 pts) 150 points• Midterm examination: 100• Final examination: 150• 2 quizzes (2 x 25) 50• Film essay ("term paper"): 25• Creative Project (visual or written) 75• Attendance/class participation: 50• Total points 600
    • 8. Grade calculationA 90% 600-540 ptsB 80% 539-480 ptsC 70% 479-420 ptsD 60% 419-360 ptsF 59% - 0% 359-0 pts
    • 9. SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS (required):• (1) Popol Vuh (online); Prologue –Chapter 9 only. Download and print• 2461 Website: all pages and documentsDr. William Little’s On-Line Book:http://dept.sfcollege.edu/HFL/hum2461/hum2461home.htmTEXTBOOK
    • 10. Course language(s)• English– Also, some Spanish, French, Portuguese,– Maya?, Náhuatl, Quechua?
    • 11. (1) Film Report(2) Creative Project• See files under folder “Importantinformation”, ANGEL
    • 12. Website: first slide showhttp://people.sfcollege.edu/ericka.ghersi/HUM2461.html
    • 13. Is this map complete?
    • 14. America or The Americas?
    • 15. A. Web: Notes and links: Day 1 (for Day 2)B. View and study: "Opening slide shows 1 and 2"C. Read: (a) "Prehistoric Notes" (b) "IntroductionPages“D. Read 2461 Cuba online:• Day 5: Turn in writtenHomework #1(on Mayas; access on-line)Homework for Thursday:On-line:
    • 16. HUM 2461Humanities of Latin AmericaSFC Spring 2013Day 1B• Attendance• Introduction pages• First Web site lecture• Latin American TerminologyXavier Quijas Yxayótl: "Singing Earth"Mesoamerican clay flutes, drums"Music for Rain God"
    • 17. Latin American Terminology:Key Terms and Themes• Syncretism/sincretismo• Admiratio• Horror vacui• Cupio• Religio• Lo ctónico (Earth goddess)• Magical Realism/Lo real maravilloso
    • 18. Key Terms and ThemesSyncretism/ sincretismo
    • 19. Key Terms and ThemesSyncretism/ sincretismo
    • 20. Key Terms and ThemesAdmiratio
    • 21. Key Terms and ThemesAdmiratioIguazú,Brazil
    • 22. Key Terms and ThemesHorror vacui
    • 23. Key Terms and ThemesCupio
    • 24. Key Terms and ThemesCupio
    • 25. Key Terms and ThemesReligio
    • 26. Key Terms and ThemesReligioAtahualpathrewthe Bible
    • 27. Key Terms and ThemesLo real maravilloso
    • 28. Key Terms and ThemesLo ctónico
    • 29. Key Terms and ThemesLo ctónico
    • 30. Location? / Images? / Metaphors? / Perspectives? / Cultural humanities?
    • 31. Source: WTL Latin American materials archive.Location: Brazilian Amazonian indigenous tribesmen.Images: Men; snake (anaconda); sand; grass; forest;skyMetaphors: Humans in nature; fusion of men andsnakePerspectives: (A) Primitive civilization; (B) fullydeveloped civilizationCultural humanities: (A) Oral traditions; (B) lo ctónico;(C) What does lo ctónico mean?
    • 32. Location?Images?Question?Cultural humanities?
    • 33. Location: GuatemalaImages: Two clothed men; guns; river; two shoresQuestion: Identify all of the similarities andopposites you can in this photo.Cultural humanities: (A) Binary opposites; (B)dualism; (C) cultural encounter / conflict / fusion;(D) verticality / horizontality
    • 34. Location?Images?Comments?Cultural humanities?
    • 35. Location: MéxicoImages: Traditional mask ornament (painted,lacquered papier-maché) with fireworksComments: (A) The figure represents either thedevil or a Pharisee (i.e, Jew); (B) masks andcostumes are essential cultural displays in LatinAmerican holiday festivities.Cultural humanities: Social custom with traditionalartisanal creation; representation of devil or culturalother to ward off individual and communitydisaster.
    • 36. Location?Images?Comments?Cultural humanities?
    • 37. Location: ColombiaImages: Shakira, glass sphere.Comment: This is a website wallpaper photo.Shakira Isabel Mebarak Ripoll (b. 1977) is a famousColombian singer, songwriter, instrumentalist,record producer, dancer, and actress.Cultural humanities: (A) Cupio; (B) popular musicpublicity and contemporary glamor; (C)photography
    • 38. Location?Images?Comments?Cultural humanities?
    • 39. Location: Mexican maskImages: Photo of Mexican maskComment: Identify all of the images represented onthis mask; then fuse them together into aninterpretation.Cultural humanities: Traditional Mexican artisanalart
    • 40. Location?Images?Comments?Cultural humanities?
    • 41. Location: MéxicoImages: Man and woman embracingComment: Glamor photo from the 1960sCultural humanities: (A) Cupio; (B) glamor,sensuality, sex
    • 42. Location?Images?Comments?Cultural humanities?
    • 43. Location: MéxicoImage: Dolores del RíoComment: Dolores Martínez Asúnsolo y LópezNegrete (1905 - 1983), from Durango, México. Herfamily lost everything during Mexican Revolution;then she moved to Hollywood for a famous sexappeal film career (1929 - 1942 and 1960 - 1964) andin Latin America (1942 - 1958).Cultural humanities: (A) Cupio; (B) cinema; (C)wealthy class glamor; (D) international stardom
    • 44. Location?Images?Comments?Cultural humanities?
    • 45. Location: Argentina / CubaImage: Ernesto (Che) Guevara (b. 1928 in Argentina;d. 1967 in Bolivia)Comment: Ernesto Guevara de la Serna, AKA CheGuevara, El Che, or Che (typical Argentinian word):Marxist revolutionary, medical doctor, politicalfigure, and leader of Cuban revolution of 1959 andCuban-exported communist revolutionarymovements.Cultural humanities: (A) Revolution; (B) Twentieth-century communism
    • 46. Location?Images?Comments?Cultural humanities?
    • 47. Location: Brazil (O Brasil)Image: Carmen Miranda in movie scene.Comment: Maria do Carmo Miranda da Cunha (b.1909 in Portugal; d. 1955 in Brazil): samba singerand motion picture star from 1940s.Cultural humanities: (A) Cupio; (B) cinema; (C) mid-twentieth-century Brazilian glamor; (D) tropicalismo
    • 48. 1. Describe2. What is this?3. Is thisRealism?4. Key Term?2. Bas-relief carving3. Vision quest4. Mythical stylization

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