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Different Food Processing Methods By Eric Ittah
7 Important Food Processing MethodsPasteurizationSterilizationBakingConcentrationDryingFreezingSeparations
PasteurizationPasteurization is the process of heating afood, mainly a liquid to a specific temperature fora predefined length of time.It is mainly carried to slow down the spoilage offood due to the growth of microbes.
SterilizationSterilization is the process of eliminating orkilling all the microbes in a food by heating.It is a good method to ensure that allcontaminations are completely destroyed
BakingBaking is used in food processing units toremove moisture from wheat and othergrains.It is used for making breads, cakes, andcookies.
ConcentrationConcentration is an important foodprocessing method. The food materialsare generally concentrated by the processof evaporation and reverse osmosis.
DryingDrying of food items in a food processingunits is mainly done by sun drying, spraydrying and freeze drying.The most popular method of drying isspray drying.
FreezingFreezing is a process that lowers the growthof microbes and also reduces the activity ofenzymes.It is manly used in units where ice-creamsand other food items containing fruits andvegetables are made.
SeparationsSeparation of different food items are done in afood processing unit by means of a foodseparator.Different types of tools are used for this purposeand food items are separated on the basis ofdensity, size or shape.