By definition, alarms serve to notify human operators of out-of-parameter conditions that could
threaten equipment, the environment, product quality and, of course, human life. Fulfilling this
critical goal continues to reveal the complexities of industrial system, human machine interfaces,
and the human operator. Our understanding of how alarms and humans can best work together
to prevent disaster is continual development effort. This review examines advances in alarm
research and development from 2000 to 2010 and includes the writings of trade professionals,
engineering and human factors researchers, and standards organizations with the goal of
documenting advances in alarms system design, research, and implementation.