Hedgehog

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Hedgehog

  1. 1. Intro. To HedgehogBy Mr. “Your hair is sharp” Chapman
  2. 2. Classification• Kingdom: Animalia• Phylum: Chordata• Class: Mammalia• Order: Insectivora (eat insects)• Family: Erinaceidae (“erin” = hedgehog (Greek), “ace” = point (Greek))
  3. 3. Relatives• Closely related to moles, shrews, and solenodons• Domestic hedgehog  African Pygmy
  4. 4. Hedgehogs in the Wild• Found in parts of Europe, Asia, Africa and New Zealand.• Used as pest control (eat up to 200 grams of insects/night).• Introduced to New Zealand; can be pests because destroy insects and bird species.
  5. 5. Hedgehogs in the Wild• Live in the abandoned burrows of other animals.• They are solitary animals – May fight – Males and females together during breeding; then go separate ways.
  6. 6. Hedgehogs in the Wild• Predators – birds of prey, wild dogs – Defense mechanism  role itself into a ball and spines will stick up – Number one threat is the automobile!
  7. 7. Characteristics• Physical Description• Spines = hollow hairs made of keratin• Beady black eyes• Small pointy noses
  8. 8. Characteristics• Typical mammalian skeletal structure – Much longer hind-legs than fore-legs• Average lifespan is 4-7 years old• Do not give off much odor• Very disease resistant• Gentle and quiet

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