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Relatives• Closely related to moles, shrews, and solenodons• Domestic hedgehog African Pygmy
Hedgehogs in the Wild• Found in parts of Europe, Asia, Africa and New Zealand.• Used as pest control (eat up to 200 grams of insects/night).• Introduced to New Zealand; can be pests because destroy insects and bird species.
Hedgehogs in the Wild• Live in the abandoned burrows of other animals.• They are solitary animals – May fight – Males and females together during breeding; then go separate ways.
Hedgehogs in the Wild• Predators – birds of prey, wild dogs – Defense mechanism role itself into a ball and spines will stick up – Number one threat is the automobile!
Characteristics• Physical Description• Spines = hollow hairs made of keratin• Beady black eyes• Small pointy noses
Characteristics• Typical mammalian skeletal structure – Much longer hind-legs than fore-legs• Average lifespan is 4-7 years old• Do not give off much odor• Very disease resistant• Gentle and quiet