Guinea PigsMr. “The Man” Chapman
Classification•   Kingdom: Animalia•   Phylum: Chordata•   Class: Mammalia•   Order: Rodentia•   Family: Caviidae•   Genus...
History• Their proper name is a Cavy• The domesticated guinea pig has been bred  in South America for 3,000 years  – Still...
History• Mid 1800’s  used by Labs for research  – Use by Louis Pasteur in research on rabies• Origin of name not known; m...
Characteristics• Upper lip split (like all members of the  rodent order)• Long whiskers (same function as cat’s  whiskers)...
Characteristics• Sensitive hearing (hear beyond the range  of humans)  – Communicate by making sounds• Developed sense of ...
How they live in the Wild• In the wild they live in colonies  – 1 dominant male  – 5-10 females  – 2 adult males cannot ex...
Major Types• Abyssinian – rough,  wiry hair coat; made  up of swirls and  cowlicks  rosettes• American – most  common; sh...
Major Types• Peruvian – longhaired  (up to 20 inches!);  takes time and effort to  keep clean; doesn’t  have a tail• Satin...
Major Types• Silkie – longhaired;  has a mane that  sweeps back from its  head• Teddy – short, kinky  fur; whiskers are  k...
Major Types• White crested –  resembles the  American shorthair  except for crest  (rosette)  white and  in the center of...
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Guniea pig notes

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Guniea pig notes

  1. 1. Guinea PigsMr. “The Man” Chapman
  2. 2. Classification• Kingdom: Animalia• Phylum: Chordata• Class: Mammalia• Order: Rodentia• Family: Caviidae• Genus: Cavia• Species: porcellus
  3. 3. History• Their proper name is a Cavy• The domesticated guinea pig has been bred in South America for 3,000 years – Still a food source for people of Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia
  4. 4. History• Mid 1800’s  used by Labs for research – Use by Louis Pasteur in research on rabies• Origin of name not known; maybe because – Means “little pig” in Latin – Grunt and squeal and have fat bellies – Sold for 1 Guinea in England
  5. 5. Characteristics• Upper lip split (like all members of the rodent order)• Long whiskers (same function as cat’s whiskers)• Short ears with little fur
  6. 6. Characteristics• Sensitive hearing (hear beyond the range of humans) – Communicate by making sounds• Developed sense of smell (recognize individual humans)• Excellent peripheral vision (spot enemies from all directions)• When threatened  hair stands up on neck, chatter teeth
  7. 7. How they live in the Wild• In the wild they live in colonies – 1 dominant male – 5-10 females – 2 adult males cannot exist together – So, younger males may live on the edge of the colony
  8. 8. Major Types• Abyssinian – rough, wiry hair coat; made up of swirls and cowlicks  rosettes• American – most common; short, glossy hair
  9. 9. Major Types• Peruvian – longhaired (up to 20 inches!); takes time and effort to keep clean; doesn’t have a tail• Satin – Luxurious, shiny fur; it is also fine and dense
  10. 10. Major Types• Silkie – longhaired; has a mane that sweeps back from its head• Teddy – short, kinky fur; whiskers are kinked too
  11. 11. Major Types• White crested – resembles the American shorthair except for crest (rosette)  white and in the center of the forehead

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