US History & Government The Age of Jackson (1828-1836)
The Jackson Presidency
Represents the “common man” & the self-made man
Images of President Jackson
Task: Positive or negative impact? ___________________________________________ Task: Who still cannot vote? ___________________________________________ Andrew Jackson
President Andrew Jackson –
A war hero.
Task: America loves to elect war heroes to the Presidency, can you name some? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
George Washington, Ulysses S. Grant, Theodore Roosevelt, Dwight Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, George H.W. Bush
Election of 1828 –
Jacksonian Democracy at work -
More people were given the right to vote, Mass Politics
It was no longer a requirement that you own land in order to vote.
The Spoils System –
Government jobs were given to loyal supporters of the political party that won the election.
He did this to ensure government was truly the servant of the people.
Task: Jackson is known as the “peoples’ president.” Why? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
President Andrew Jackson Fires 2,000 workers and replaces them with his supporters. Vetoes more acts of Congress than any President that came before him. Closes the National Bank because he felt it supported Northerners and hurt the farmers. Fights Tariff of 1828 (Tariff of Abominations) High tariff means more money for northern manufacturers; less money for Southern farmers. South believed it could nullify an act of Congress if it felt it was unconstitutional. nullify : declare void Indian Removal Act Jackson forces 100,000 Cherokee Indians off their land in Georgia to land west of the Mississippi.
Trail of Tears
Worcester v. Georgia –
Cherokee Indians took their case to the Supreme Court.
John Marshall ruled that Georgia had no authority to push the Cherokees off their land.
Georgia ignored the ruling and forced the Cherokee to flee in the dead of winter.
1,000 miles // 4,000 dead
Task: Choose a character in this painting. Circle him/her. Tell what is happening from their perspective. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Seneca Falls Convention Lucretia Mott Susan B. Anthony Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Seneca Falls, New York – 1848
Drew attention to inequalities faced by women and get women the right to vote:
Men controlled all of his wife’s property, earnings, and children
Women couldn’t vote.
“ We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal…that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights…The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations [seizures of power] on the part of man toward woman…[to establish] absolute tyranny over her...” - Declaration of Sentiments, 1848 Task: Which document did Stanton borrow from and why? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Land Acquired between 1783-1867
Purchased because Russia short of money Russia (1867) Alaska Purchased to build a railroad Mexico (1853) Gadsden Purchase War with Mexico led to the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo Mexico (1848) Mexican Cession Treaty that extended the 49 th parallel to the Pacific Ocean Britain (1846) Oregon 1836 Texas declares independence & requests admission to the union Independent (1845) Texas Adams-Onis Treaty. US gave up claims to Texas Spain (1819) Florida Pres. Jefferson purchased from France for $15 million France (1803) Louisiana Purchase How land was acquired Acquired From Date Acquired Land