War of 1812 Task: Guess who’s still at war? _________________________________________________________ If you said Britain and France, you’re right!
The British were seizing American ships that were headed to France.
American sailors were captured and forced to fight for the British.
U.S. believed in FREEDOM OF THE SEAS.
Embargo Act –
Passed by Congress to punish Britain.
U.S. Exports – 1800 – 1820 Task: How did the Embargo Act affect U.S. trade? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
War of 1812 Rebuilding the White House, 1814 NEWSFLASH - U.S. Declares War on Britain War ends in a draw. White House burned by the British War hero emerges – Andrew Jackson “ Star Spangled Banner” written by Francis Scott Key OUTCOMES OF THE WAR OF 1812 America wanted continue its policy of neutrality Native Americans lose British as an ally in the West
The Star Spangled Banner And where is that band who so vauntingly swore That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion, A home and a country should leave us no more? Their blood has wash'd out their foul footsteps' pollution. No refuge could save the hireling and slave From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave: And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave. O thus be it ever when free-men shall stand Between their lov'd home and the war's desolation; Blest with vict'ry and peace, may the heav'n-rescued land Praise the Pow'r that hath made and preserv'd us a nation! Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just, And this be our motto: “In God is our trust!” And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave! O say, can you see, by the dawn's early light, What so proudly we hail'd at the twilight's last gleaming? Whose broad stripes and bright stars, thro' the perilous fight, O'er the ramparts we watch'd, were so gallantly streaming? And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Gave proof thro' the night that our flag was still there. O say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave? On the shore dimly seen thro' the mists of the deep, Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes, What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep, As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses? Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam, In full glory reflected, now shines on the stream: 'Tis the star-spangled banner: O, long may it wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave! The Star Spangled Banner Francis Scott Key
Monroe Doctrine Task: Draw a line explaining how the Monroe Doctrine affected U.S. foreign policy. Task: How does the Monroe Doctrine fit with Washington’s Farewell Address? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Monroe Doctrine –
Europe cannot colonize anymore in the Western Hemisphere
U.S. will not get involved in European affairs.
U.S. didn’t have the power to enforce it, so Britain did.
0 Western Hemisphere Eastern Hemisphere
Uniting the United States Task: Working in pairs, identify things that unite the United States. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Things you might have missed:
- Federalist party dies. Whig party takes its place.
John Marshall’s Supreme Court Decisions
Marbury v. Madison & McCulloch v. Maryland
The American System –
Create a better transportation system
Establish a high protective tariff –
- Money from the tariff would go to building the transportation system
Create a second National Bank.
Task: Which of these will unite the states and which will divide them? Explain your answer. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Industrial Revolution –
Begins in Great Britain (1700s)
Hits New England by 1800s.
Task: Why would factory owners choose the Northeast? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Land could not be used for farming; rivers for power; lots of iron, coal. Transportation Revolution - Changes in Transportation Steam Power Steam ships carry goods places faster than ships powered by wind. Roads Made of gravel and stone help move Americans west. Canals Erie Canal helps connect Lake Erie to New York City. Railroads U.S. grows to have most railroad track in the world.
The Factory System –
Lowell, Massachusetts –
Hired teenage girls who lived and worked at the mill.
Task: Do you think the girls had much freedom? Explain. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
9 of the 10 largest cities were in the North.
Immigrants flooded to the cities in search of work.
Southerners came to the North to work in factories.
Task: Why didn’t immigrants head to the South in search of work? __________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Rich got richer; the poor got poorer.
New York City
The North Working-class families – What did Dad do? Dad went to work in the factories from 6 in the morning to 8 at night. What did Mom do? Mom work in a factory or as a servant for the rich. What did Little Joey do? Joey went to work in the factory. He was small enough to climb into the machines.
Many immigrants came from Northwestern Europe:
Task: Why did many immigrants come from Ireland? ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ IRELAND
“ King Cotton” –
Cotton became to the dominant product on Southern plantations.
Eli Whitney’s cotton gin helped extract the seeds, boosting production.
Cotton will make up 50% of our nation’s exports.
Task: Do you think farmers want to keep a high protective tariff? Explain. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ South has good conditions for farming. South’s economy based on farming and slavery. Cotton gin makes farming cotton more profitable. Industrial Revolution sparks textile industry. Cotton becomes South’s most valuable product. Farmers rely on slavery to meet the North’s needs. The Growth of “King Cotton”
Cotton Production vs. Slavery
What happened to cotton production between 1800 and 1860? __________________________________
Which period saw the greatest increase in cotton production? __________________________________
What happened the slavery in the United States between 1800 and 1860? __________________________________
Task: What conclusion can be made after examining both the cotton production and the number of slaves in the United States? _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________