Chapter 9

691 views
592 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Career
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
691
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
45
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 9

  1. 1. Federal Bureaucracy
  2. 2. Executive Branch and the development of the Bureaucracy <ul><li>Although congress makes the laws, it must rely on the bureaucrats in the executive branch to enforce and implement them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex- Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)- charged with enforcing federal anti discrimination laws- they have the power not only to make rules but also to settle disputes </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Weberian Model <ul><li>Max Weber, German sociologist believed: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A chain of command in which authority flows from top to bottom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A division of labor whereby work is divided among specialized workers to increase productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear lines of authority among workers and their superiors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A goal orientation that determines structures, authority and rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impersonality, whereby all employees are treated fairly based on merit and all clients are served equally, according to established rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Productivity- where all work is evaluated according to established rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A well-organized machine with lots of working parts! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Somewhat idealistic) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. History of the Bureaucracy <ul><li>1789- Only three departments existed under the Articles of Confederation: Foreign Affairs, war and Treasury </li></ul><ul><li>Civil War (1861-1865)- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>increased the Bureaucracy as we were gearing up for war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bad harvests led to the creation of the Dept of Agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in size, led to an increase in federal jobs (used as patronage) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jackson said “to the victor belongs the spoils” (spoils system-firing of public office holders of a defeated political party and their replacement with loyalists of the newly elected party </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. … From the Spoils System to the Merit System <ul><li>Pendleton Act (in response to Pres. Garfield’s assassination) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also known as the Civil Service Reform Act of 1883 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created the Civil Service Commission to administer a partial merit system (bipartisan) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classified federal service jobs by grades, to which appointments were made based on the results of a competitive examination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It made it illegal for federal political appointees to be required to contribute to a particular political party </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initially only 10 % of positions were covered by thte law, but later laws and E.O extended coverage for over 90% of all federal employees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New system is called the Merit System, based on Weber’s model </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Merit System: system by which federal civil service jobs are classified into grades or levels, to which appointments are made on the basis of performance on competitive examinations. </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Service System: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>System created by civil service laws by which many appointments to the federal bureaucracy are made. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. What is going on in the news now that would relate to this? Anyone? Anyone?

×