Detailed Lesson Plan in Science (First Year High School)1. OBJECTIVES: At the end of the 30 minute period, each student: 1.1 identifies the general properties of matter 1.2 conducts an experiment about the properties of matter 1.3 perceives the importance of the properties of matter to everyday life2. LEARNING TASKS 2.1 Unit II, Chapter 3 2.2 Properties of Matter 2.3 Concepts: Properties that are common to all types of matter are called general properties. Mass is the amount of matter present in a body, object or substance. Volume is the amount of space that an object occupies. Density is the ratio of an object’s mass to its volume. Weight is the measure of the gravitational force acting on a body or object. 2.4 Materials 2.4.1 References: Integrated Science I 2.4.2 Instructional Materials: • Ruler • Water • Books • Small Stone • Beaker • Bag • Blocks of wood • Platform balance3. METHODOLOGY / PROCEDURE 3.1. Daily Activities 3.1.1. Greetings & Prayer “Good morning, class.” “Good Morning, Sir!” “Let us pray first. Lead us in prayer…” (One student will lead the prayer) 3.1.2. Checking Attendance “Who are absent today?” “I am glad to say that no one is absent today.” 3.1.3. Checking of Assignment 3.2. Preparatory Activities 3.2.1. Review the definition of matter “What is matter?” “Matter is anything that has mass and occupies space.” 3.2.2. Motivation: Point out the different and similar characteristics shared by the students of the class. (Everyone in the class is a student of the same school; all are in first year, etc. Unique characteristics may vary from talents, habits, hobbies, etc.) “Can we say that matter, like us, has properties which may be different or same with another?”
3.3.1 Introduction“A single matter has its unique set of properties.Just as people are distinguished by their physicalattributes and traits, matter is distinguished by itsproperties. Today, we’ll be discussing aboutproperties that are present in all kinds of matter.”3.3.2. Presentation of the lesson (The students will listen attentively and raise theirGeneral properties – are the properties that are hands if there’s a question.)common to all types of matterMass - is the amount of matter present in a body,object or substance. It is a property that will notchange under all conditions.Weight - is the measure of the gravitational forceacting on a body or an object. The value of gravityof any object on the earth’s surface is constant; 1kg of mass weighs 9.8 newtons.“A person with more mass has more gravity,therefore, weighs more.”Volume - is the amount of space that an object orbody occupies. Solids occupy a definite space,while liquids and gases take the space of theircontainers.Volume of regular solids can measured using theformula V = l x w x h. Volume of irregular solidsare determined using the water displacementmethod (to be demonstrated later).Density - is the ratio of an object’s mass to itsvolume. Density is measured using the formula D= M/V and is expressed in g/cm3 or kg/m184.108.40.206 Comparison and Abstraction“When you go to a higher surface, or on another “Yes.”planet, will your weight change?”“If your mass here on earth is 50 kg, will your mass “No.”change if you go to the moon?“Differentiate mass and weight.” “Mass is the amount of matter present in a body while weight is a force that results from the gravitational pull to an object. Mass does not change under all conditions, weight varies with location and strength of gravity on an object.”“Can mass and weight be interchanged?” “Weight and mass can be used interchangeably as long as we are on the earth’s surface. ““What’s the difference between mass and volume?” “Mass is the amount of matter in an object while volume is the amount of space that an object occupies.”“How does density relate to an object’s mass and “Density is obtained by dividing the mass to itsvolume?” volume.”3.3.4. Application (The students will follow the procedures whileVolume of a regular solid observing results and answering questions.)
4. EVALUATION: QUIZMultiple Choice: Select the letter of the best answer. 1. What property of matter is common or present to all? a. Specific b. General c. Physical d. Chemical Answer: b. General 2. What is the formula for computing density? a. E = mc2 b. D = M/V c. Length x Width x Thickness d. 1 kg x 9.8 newtons Answer: b. D = M/V 3. What method is used to determine to volume of irregular solids? a. Weighing Scale b. Length x Width x Thickness c. Water Displacement Method d. Water Boiling Answer: c. Water Displacement Method 4. Which of the following DOES NOT take the shape of a container? a. Glass of water b. Inflated balloon c. Bowl of soup d. Block of wood Answer: d. Block of wood 5. If you weigh 50 kg on Earth, what will your mass be on the moon? a. 50 kg b. 100 kg c. 500 kg d. 25 kg Answer: a. 50 kg5. ASSIGNMENT/SRead pages 72 to 75 of Integrated Science I and prepare for a short quiz tomorrow.