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Options for structuring ict sector level cooperation and governance
 

Options for structuring ict sector level cooperation and governance

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Options for structuring ict sector-level cooperation and governance for Higher Education in Ethiopia

Options for structuring ict sector-level cooperation and governance for Higher Education in Ethiopia

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    Options for structuring ict sector level cooperation and governance Options for structuring ict sector level cooperation and governance Presentation Transcript

    • Options for structuring sector-level ICT cooperation and governance author: Eric Kluijfhout, eric.kluijfhout@gmail.com   This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/devnations/2.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 559 Nathan Abbott Way, Stanford, California 94305, USA.  
    • Options for structuring sector-level ICT cooperation and governance Eric Kluijfhout Towards an ICT Strategy for the Ethiopian Higher Education Sector Addis Ababa, 24-25 November 2009 Ministry of Education of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia & Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, the Netherlands
      • When does sector-level cooperation work?
      • When all involved profit!
    • Reasons for IHEs to cooperate at sector-level
      • Shortage: share or exchange scarce resources
      • Efficiency: address common problems - solve once, implement many
      • Interoperability: develop and operate a shared infrastructure
      • Create clout: strengthen common position
    • Reasons for Government to delegate to sector-level
      • Ownership: problems are best addressed at the level where they occur
      • Academic autonomy: separation of responsibilities
      • Lack of capacity: qualitative and/or quantitative
      Conditions
      • Quality assurance
      • Financial transparancy
    • Cooperation model dimensions
      • Who defines the service to be developed/ delivered?
      • Who receives the services?
      • Who supplies the services?
      • Who pays for them?
      • Who monitors and formally accepts upon delivery - is responsible for quality assurance?
    • Some governance models
      • Government agency
      • Delegated responsibility
      • Self-organisation
      • Mixed model
    • Government agency
      • The sector-level governance mandate is vested in a Government agency, possibly (a Department of) the Ministry of Education.
      • The main advantages of this option are its proximity to strategy development, decision making and budgeting process; and the fact that financing and staffing is in the same hand.
      • Potential pitfalls are a focus on control instead of innovation, and aloofness from the real problems ‘on the ground’ (bureaucracy).
    • Delegated responsibility
      • The mandate for sector-level ICT issues is vested in an independent body. This body will most likely be financed by Government, and its Board may comprise representatives from both Government and the universities.
      • The major advantage of this option is the independent – and thus in theory impartial – position which allows it to balance the interests of both the Government and of the HEIs.
      • The main pitfall here is the tendency of such agencies to become inward looking and bureaucratic, and lose sight of their service function.
    • Self-organisation
      • In this option the HEIs self-organise the ICT governance structure at national level.
      • The major advantage of this option is its proximity to, and understanding of, the real problems ‘on the ground’.
      • Potential problems are a) financing this structure, and related to this b) the differences in ICT maturity between the HEIs; and c) the lack of ICT staff to function at sector level while they are already spread thin in their own HEI.
    • Options for self-organisation in the HE Proclamation
      • Article 58, sections 1-10 (Forum of public institutions)
      • Article 88, sections 7, 9, 11, and 12 (Powers and duties of the Ministry)
      • Article 93, sections 1 and 2 (Outsourcing of services )
    • Yesterday’s priority areas
      • Setting up a sector-level Governance infrastructure
      • Joint capacity building, developing the knowledge infrastructure
      • Internet services & technical platform coordination
      • Applications infrastructure, standards & joint development
      • Sharing information, experiences & expertise
      • Fund raising & supporting the new universities
      • Interconnectivity to share resources for learning and teaching
    • Dilemma
      • Disparity between the old and the new universities.
      • Any proposal on a structure for sector-level coordination should therefore address:
      • How the old universities can benefit from cooperation among themselves
      • How the new universities can benefit from cooperation among themselves
      • How the old and new universities together can benefit from cooperation
    • Today’s assignment
      • Propose a governance structure that will facilitate sustainable sector-level cooperation in ICT, meeting the needs of a), b) and c) above.
      • Indicate specific activities from the seven priority areas that are especially relevant for:
        • Cooperation between the old universities
        • Cooperation between the new universities
        • Cooperation between the old universities and the new universities
      • Report in the plenary meeting, preferably through a PowerPoint presentation