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20.3 atlantic slave trade

20.3 atlantic slave trade






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    20.3 atlantic slave trade 20.3 atlantic slave trade Presentation Transcript

    • By: Ben, Cameron, Ben
    • Essential Question # 1  What were the reasons/causes of the Transatlantic Slave Trade?  Slavery was already present in Africa  European colonies’ demand for Africans- Native Americans had died due to European disease, warfare, and poor treatment  Spain and Portugal lead the way for the slave trade  Goods were traded with African merchants
    • Essential question # 2  Why were Africans a benefit to Europeans?  They already had immunity to European diseases, because of their skin tone they knew if they ran away.  They didn’t know the land unlike Native Americans, and they had experience in farming.
    • Essential Question # 3  How was the triangular trade done? When Europeans traded goods and resources to Africa, merchants had exchanged for slaves and they went across the Atlantic, going through the Middle Passage. In the new colonies, people bought goods and went back to their country. The benefit of slaves was the sugar market had grown.
    • Vocabulary  Transatlantic Slave Trade- the buying and selling of Africans for work in the Americas  Triangular Trade- a transatlantic trading network  Middle Passage- the voyage that brought captured Africans to the West Indies and later to North and South America
    • Slave life Slaves have lived a brutal life and sometimes they resisted. They resisted by working long days with little food, breaking tools so they wouldn’t have to work, uprooting plants, and working slower, revolts had also occurred against the Portuguese. During the Transatlantic Slave Trade, Africans had died of diseases and were filthy by the time they had reached land. People were also crammed with nothing but people and darkness surrounding them. They were auctioned and sold to the highest bidder.
    • Content  400,000 slaves were sold to Britain's, current U.S. colony  1.7 million Africans were sent to West Indies by the English  By 1830, there was 2 million slaves in the U.S.
    • Review  Slavery was caused by the demand of cheap labor in the European colonies. Slaves were bought and sold on the Transatlantic Slave Trade. African merchants captured Africans and traded them for guns and other things. The journey to the colonies from Africa was the Middle Passage, this was a tough journey and many would die.