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19.3 japan returns to isolation
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19.3 japan returns to isolation

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  • 1.  What caused Japan to get a new feudalism?  why does Japan have a close country policy ?
  • 2.  Daimyo – Powerful land holding samurai  Tokugawa shogunate – Rule of a shogun. Unified Japan  Haiku – 5-7-5-syllable, 3-line verse poetry  Kabuki – A theater  Seppuku – A ritual suicide of a samurai  Shogun – supreme military commander
  • 3.  Oda Nobunaga – One of a number of brutal and ambitious Daimyo. He seized Kyoto and crushed his rivals  Toyotomi Hideyoshi – Noubounag’s best general and wanted to get rid of daimyo that were hostile, he controlled most of the country
  • 4.  Tokugawa Ieyasu – He tamed the daimyo and was the shogun. He also defeated his rivals at Sekigahara, he banned Christianity  Francis Xavier – Led the first Christian mission to Japan and he was a Jesuit
  • 5.  Japan collapsed  Sengoku “warring states” period arrived  Daimyo became lords, they were powerful samurai who seized old feudal states and offered protection for loyalty  Daimyo wanted to control the country
  • 6.  Two and a half years of prosperity  Confucian values influenced society  Samurai attended noh dramas  People read haikus’ and fiction stories about self made merchants and hardships  Women worked and obeyed their husbands
  • 7.  Peasants made up 4/5 of the populations  Shifted to urban society
  • 8.  Portuguese brought ships, merchants and technology  Fire arms changed Japanese warriors  Christian missionaries arrived  Ieyasu banned Christianity and focused on making his country Christian free
  • 9.  Japan is very isolated  They cannot have foreign trade or leave the country  Japan self-sufficient
  • 10.  Japan collapsed and gained a new feudalism. The emperor was the at the top of the system but the actual ruler was the shogun. Below them were the daimyo, the samurai warriors. After that the peasants and artisans followed. Traditional culture still boomed. Portuguese influenced new ideas in Japan and Japan was isolated.