The invention of butter and the butter churn

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The invention of butter and the butter churn

  1. 1. Abbie Lamping Elyse Fuchs
  2. 2. <ul><li>4.1.8 </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize and explain that any invention may lead to other inventions. </li></ul><ul><li>5.1.2 </li></ul><ul><li>Begin to evaluate the validity of claims based on the amount and quality of the evidence cited. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Communicating- Communicate ideas about the invention. Show pictures, tell about the history, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Predicting- Ask the students what is going to happen when they shake the jars up. </li></ul><ul><li>Inferring- Assessment question </li></ul><ul><li>Observing- Observe what happens to the cream in the jars as they shake it. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Heavy whipping cream </li></ul><ul><li>Glass jars </li></ul><ul><li>Strong shaking abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Bread </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The use of butter has been dated back as far as 2,000 years before Christ. There are even references to it in the Bible! </li></ul><ul><li>The word butter comes from the Greek word bou-tyron , meaning cowcheese . </li></ul><ul><li>The Arabs and Syrians used a vessel made of goat-skin as a churn. The vessel was then suspended from tent poles and swung around until the butter formed. This is the earliest known process of making butter. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Butter was used as a popular trade item. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the 12 th century, the Germans sent ships to Bergen, in Norway, and exchanged their cargoes of wine for butter and dried fish. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>History records that a primary object of keeping cows was to supply the needs of the family for milk and butter. Butter was produced almost universally in olden times because it was more essential in the diet of most people, although it was several centuries before the consumption of fresh butter became established custom. </li></ul><ul><li>The art of making butter, therefore, originated in the home. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Pour about a ½ cup of heavy whipping cream into a jar. </li></ul><ul><li>Tightly seal the jar. </li></ul><ul><li>Shake the jar of cream until it becomes thick and lumpy. (approximately 5-10 minutes) </li></ul><ul><li>Continue to shake until it has the consistency of butter. </li></ul><ul><li>Spread on your favorite bread or cracker and enjoy! </li></ul>

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