Beduins 65

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Beduins 65

  1. 1. IndexIndex1.1. What are the BedouinsWhat are the Bedouins2.2. Location of BedouinsLocation of Bedouins3.3. Climated locationClimated location4.4. Main features of Bedouins:Main features of Bedouins:• Physical features of BedouinsPhysical features of Bedouins• Life and customsLife and customs5.5. Historical lifestyle evolution: do they live todayHistorical lifestyle evolution: do they live todayin the same way as they did before?in the same way as they did before?6.6. What are the differences between how theyWhat are the differences between how theylived in the past and todaylived in the past and today
  2. 2. 1.What are the Bedouins?1.What are the Bedouins?The Bedouins are Arab nomads that roam the Arab deserts and North AfricaThe Bedouins are Arab nomads that roam the Arab deserts and North Africaand engaged in search for water and pasture for their flocks of dromedaries, camels,and engaged in search for water and pasture for their flocks of dromedaries, camels,goats and sheep.goats and sheep.They are originate from the Arabic peninsula but in the VII century, with theThey are originate from the Arabic peninsula but in the VII century, with theconquests of islam, spread throughout Northern Africa.conquests of islam, spread throughout Northern Africa.
  3. 3. 2. Location of Bedouins2. Location of BedouinsThe Bedouins live in the Arabian Peninsula (Asia) from which they originate and inThe Bedouins live in the Arabian Peninsula (Asia) from which they originate and innorthern Africa.northern Africa.• Countries of the Arabian peninsula:Countries of the Arabian peninsula:-Saudi Arabia-Saudi Arabia-Jordan-Jordan-Israel-Israel-Syria-Syria-Iraq-Iraq-Kuwait-Kuwait-United arab emirates-United arab emirates-Barhain-Barhain• Countries inCountries in North Africa:North Africa:-Argelia-Argelia-Tunisia-Tunisia-Libya-Libya-Egypt-Egypt-Morocco-Morocco-Mali-Mali-Mauritania-Mauritania-Western Sahara-Western Sahara-Sudan-Sudan
  4. 4. Location of BedouinsLocation of BedouinsMALISUDANAsiaNorth Africa
  5. 5. 3.Climated location3.Climated location- The bedouins live in a desert climate. And the desert climates are located in the hot- The bedouins live in a desert climate. And the desert climates are located in the hotzones (between the Tropics).zones (between the Tropics).- There is very little precipitations in hot deserts. During the day, temperatures very- There is very little precipitations in hot deserts. During the day, temperatures veryhigh (until 50ºC); at night fall sharply, sometimes to below 0ºChigh (until 50ºC); at night fall sharply, sometimes to below 0ºC- The lack of waters makes the vegetation and animal life scarce. Date palms grow- The lack of waters makes the vegetation and animal life scarce. Date palms grownear oasesnear oases
  6. 6. -The Bedouins roam the deserts of Asia and Africa:-The Bedouins roam the deserts of Asia and Africa:• ASIAASIA- Arab Deserts like the desert of Rub Al-Jal (Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Jordan,- Arab Deserts like the desert of Rub Al-Jal (Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Jordan,Qatar, Yemen, UAE, Oman and Kuwait).Qatar, Yemen, UAE, Oman and Kuwait).- Syrian Desert (Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Iraq and Syria)- Syrian Desert (Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Iraq and Syria)- Negev Desert (southern Israel)- Negev Desert (southern Israel)• AFRICAAFRICA- Sahara Desert.- Sahara Desert.- Desert of Libya.- Desert of Libya.Desiertode Syria
  7. 7. 4.Main features of Bedouins4.Main features of BedouinsA.A. Physical features of bedouinsPhysical features of bedouins::The bedouins have physical features very typical:The bedouins have physical features very typical:• medium heightmedium height• elongated skullelongated skull• white face skin, but not too clearwhite face skin, but not too clear• dark eyes and hairdark eyes and hair• the nose has a special form (profile, similar to athe nose has a special form (profile, similar to asix)six)
  8. 8. B. Life and customsB. Life and customs• There are two types of bedouins:There are two types of bedouins:-- The real bedouins:The real bedouins: looking for pasture and water in the desertlooking for pasture and water in the desert- The fellahin:- The fellahin: In winter, travel in caravans and engaged in trade.In winter, travel in caravans and engaged in trade.In summer, living on the edge of the desert and is engaged inIn summer, living on the edge of the desert and is engaged inagriculture.agriculture.• They speak BadawiThey speak Badawi
  9. 9. • The family is small, several families form a clan and several clans form a tribe.The family is small, several families form a clan and several clans form a tribe.• They live in made shops of skin of hair of camel or goat: the men and guests live inThey live in made shops of skin of hair of camel or goat: the men and guests live ina part and the women and children in other onea part and the women and children in other one
  10. 10. • They go in caravanThey go in caravan• They are Muslims sunnitas veryThey are Muslims sunnitas veryreligious, but continue believe inreligious, but continue believe intheir spirits Jinnis.their spirits Jinnis.• Every group possess a territory definite well and known by otherEvery group possess a territory definite well and known by othergroups, for them the borders of the countries do not exist.groups, for them the borders of the countries do not exist.
  11. 11. • They have very old laws to govern their social behavior, ownership oflivestock and the use of natural resources• They feed of lacteal products, breadof wheat, dates and dried fruits. Themensaf is the best-known food andis made up of rice with meat andyogurt• Their songs, dance, musicand oral poetry are veryimportant to them
  12. 12. • Women are responsible for:- Cooking- Sewing and assembling tents- Collect firewood for cooking- Care for children and elderly
  13. 13. • Some of their customs are the Bedouin trial, camel race, trackingfootprints, hospitality, the bedouin wedding, revenge, the duel, it isshameful to work for a salary…
  14. 14. 5. Historical lifestyle evolution5. Historical lifestyle evolution• In the late XIX century, many Bedouins, under British Goverment,began to transit to a seminomadic life.• In the 1950s and 1960s, large numbers of Bedouin of Asia startedto leave the nomadic life to settle in cities of Midwest Asia. Forexample, in Syria a big drought from 1958 to 1961 forced manyBedouin to change for standard jobs.• Oil production in the Persian Gulf, and a improve´s Desire for theirstandards of living, forced most Bedouin to become settledcitizens.• The goverments of Egypt and Israel want to buy their land inexchange for:- Housing in cities- Work in exchange for a salary- Studies for their children- Health
  15. 15. • Currently, the Bedouin are a less numerous clan but continue to maintain this lifestyle:– They are semi-nomadic: they move with their livestock and farmers on the edgeof the desert– They live in tents, but with many technical advances– Continue eating what they collect– Maintain their customs and traditions such as dance, music and poetry– Maintain the laws governing their social behavior, ownership of livestock and theuse of natural resources
  16. 16. 6. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE PAST AND THEPRESENTPAST:• Very large groups• Activities were livestock and agriculture• Nomadic pastoralists and semi-nomadic, which respected no borders of countries• Live in tents camped in the desert• Do not accept a salary in exchange for work• Collect their meals
  17. 17. CURRENTLY:• Some continue being semi-nomadic:- But forced to respect the borders of countries- They are less numerous groups- Living in tents but with more technical advances- Some have replaced camels per motorized vehicles• Others have abandoned their customs:- Work in exchange for a salary- Its activities are not only already agricultural and livestock- They live in cities or fixed villages- Have access to trade in cities or villages- It is self producing their food supply- They receive education in schools- They have access to health care
  18. 18. By Andrea, Nerea, Julen , Ander, Natalia.By Andrea, Nerea, Julen , Ander, Natalia.

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