Auschwitz By: Eric Reynolds and Frank Reed
Auschwitz, the Horror
- During WWII Auschwitz was a symbol of fear
- It was an extermination camp in Poland
- More than 510,000 people were killed
- 1940, Germans built Auschwitz for expansion
- The facility was needed due to overcrowding in jails
- Needed for the continuation of “The Final Solution” plan
“ The Final Solution to the Jewish Question”
- Hitler’s plan to exterminate 11 million Jews
- From Germany, occupied territories, states opposing the Third Reich, and Allied and Neutral countries
- Was carried out at the concentration camps, one being Auschwitz
What went on?
- June 1941, 575 prisoners were the first killed
- Gas chambers were used to kill the majority of people
- German doctors used prisoners for medical experiments
- Administrative center for the multiple facilities
- Block 11, many people were tortured
- Standing cells and starvation cells were main ways of torture
- Built due to overcrowding at the main camp
- Had a greater gassing capacity than the original camp
- Zyklon-B gas was used to kill many prisoners
- Largest of the work camps
- 11,000 workers lived at the camps
- Doctors from Auschwitz II often came to take weak workers to gas chambers
Life in the Camps
- Normal days lasted 12 hours, sometimes less in the winter
- Bread and water were the daily rations
- The exact number of deaths is impossible to figure
- Nazis destroyed many records
- Official toll is 1.1 million, but estimates from 800,000 to 5 million
" Arbeit macht frei"
- Used to motivate prisoners to work hard
- Wasn’t true, many times working didn’t keep people from being killed
- "Auschwitz (concentration Camp, Poland) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia." Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia . Web. 24 Mar. 2010. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/43486/Auschwitz>.
- "Auschwitz, Nazi Death Camp." The Holocaust, Crimes, Heroes and Villains . Web. 24 Mar. 2010. <http://www.auschwitz.dk/Auschwitz.htm>.
- "Auschwitz-Birkenau - Home Page - History." Auschwitz-Birkenau - Main Page . Web. 24 Mar. 2010. <http://en.auschwitz.org.pl/h/>.
- Boyer, Paul S. American Nation in the Modern Era . Austin: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 2003. Print.