1. •The history of Islam in China began in the 7th century in TangDynasty just a few decades after the rise of Islam.•Othman (the third caliph from Arabia) sent envoys to pay tributeto the Tang Dynasty•Second year of the reign of Emperor Yong Hui (651 AD)-historian marked as the beginning of Islam in China•Later many Muslims came to China to trade then dominatedforeign trade, the export/import industry in the west and south.•Islam reached its peak in Yuan Dynasty when the Mongol ruledChina.•Islamic influence came from the various steppe peoples whoassimilated in Chinese culture. Tang Dynasty
2. Niujie mosque is the oldest mosque in Niujie ,Beijing, China. First built back in 996 with traditional Chinese Architecture decorated with Arabic calligraphy in the interior. Rebuilt in 1442 during Ming Dynasty and renovated into a bigger mosque in 1696 during Qing dynasty. On 13 January 1988,the government of China entitled the Niujie Mosque as the “Chinese Culture Heritage”
3. The mosque occupies an area of 250 meters long and 47 meters wide (820 feet by 155 feet) that has been divided into four courtyards. Covers an area of over 6000 square meters (7176 square yards) Unlike south-facing Buddhist temples, the mosque points towards Mekka. The layout of the mosque is symmetrical and compact.
5. The entrance gate is fronted by a large wall with a white marble pedestal
6. Element on the roof of Moon Watching Tower
7. View inside the Moon Watching Tower
8. Most important building in the mosque. Only open to Muslims.
9. The halls arched gate is decorated with script from the Al-Quran.
10. The room is also decorated with various paintings offlowers, strings of glass beads and colored glass, which contribute to the halls air of great importance and holiness.
11. South Stele Pavilion North Stele Pavilion
12. South pavilion
13. Outside of the main building,there are two pavilions : north and south pavilion stone inscription on one of the pavilion: recording the statement of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing dynasty after the implementation of a major renovation in 1696 Restoration of the mosque in the reign of Kangxi finally makes the architecture influenced the Qing were also seen in the main buildings are designed to that period.
14. In the south pavilion Graves of Sheikh Ahmad Burdani and Sheikh Ali Two Imams who came from Persia to spread Islam. Both of them are the Earliest Imam of the Niujie Mosque
15. Great Mosque of Xian Scroll depicting arial view of Great Mosque with west to right Floor plan of the mosque complex
16. Arial drawing of mosque,looking southeasttowards the Drum Towerat top right
17. Exterior view looking southwest, showing the northern precinct gate and walls EXTERIOR View looking west through the Courtyard northern gateway view of the into the first court eastern precinct wallView showing damage toprecinct wall with theremoval of sculpturallozenges
18. Pailou archway in the first court, adorned with five tiers of dougong brackets below the roof and supported on one side by diagonally propped beams FIRST COURT Library known as the Unmatched Pavilion along the northern wall Reconstruction workDetail of upswept roof on the Unmatchedeaves at the Unmatched PavilionPavilion
19. View looking west in first court towards pillared pavilion leading into the second court SECOND COURT Stone pailou in second court, view looking west Detail of central bay of stone pailou in second courtStele inset into brickpier in the secondcourt Freestanding brick pier with stone tablet in second court One of two brick piers in the second court, with floral motifs carved in brick and stone dragonheads crowning the hipped roof
20. View looking west through pavilion separating the second court from the third court THIRD COURT Stone threshold detailThe Bangke Tower ofIntrospection in the thirdcourt Rooms along the south side of the third cour Residential area beyond the southern side of the third and fourth courts
21. Caisson ceiling of the Bangke Towerof Introspection
22. One of three identical doorways between the third and fourth courts Detail of carved detail on doorwayFOURTH COURTGallery containing inscriptive tablets along the southern side of the fourth court Carved stone stele on View of Phoenix Pavilion Light through lattice wall gate of the fourth court
23. Inner courtyard of tablet gallery inthe fourth court Interior of fourth court tablet gallery with furniture, screen, and vase
24. Fountains and garden to the west of the Phoenix Pavilion Fountain resembling a pile of rocks set within finely carved walkways Two of three Cloud Gates between the prayer hall and the Moon Platform with lintel adornments carved in stoneView looking east across MoonPlatform in the fourth courttowards the stone archwaysknown as the Cloud Gates Ornament atop lintel of the central Cloud Gate
25. View looking northwest across the Detail of hipped roof of the prayerMoon Platform towards the prayer hall, with upswept eave andhall portico dragonheads along ridge FIFTH COURTRounded tiles of Prayer hall portico with red lacqueredprayer hall roof woodwork and dougong brackets below thecovered in moss ceiling
26. Elevations ofprayer hall withco-joinedhipped roofs
27. View of the intricately worked mihrab in rich and somber huesInterior view of the prayer hall withdougong brackets supporting the flatpolychrome ceilingLintel of the side entrance intoprayer hall, facing south Moon Gate adjoining the southern wall of the prayer hall, leading out to the hillock fifth court
28. Paneled wooden side doors to prayer hall Carved screen wall along along the western precinct wall in the fifth court The imam of the mosque, in his office in the second courtDetail of carved stonework on the roof ofthe prayer hall