UMAYYAD ARCHITECTURE (661M-976M)       The Great Palace Of Al-hambra       The Great Mosque Of Cordova
IntroductionMuawiyah Bin Abu   Abdul Malik Bin Malik       Umar Bin Abdul Aziz   Hisyam Bin Abdul Malik    Sufyan         ...
Territory
Significant Building During Umayyad PeriodGreat mosque of damascus-          Syria                       Dome of the rock-...
ALHAMBRA  PALACE,  SPAIN  IT IS THE MOST FAMOUS EXAMPLE OF THE   ISLAMIC INFLUENCE IN SPAIN.ERAZ AQILAH BINTI TAJUL EDRUSM...
CHRONOLOGY OF ISLAMICSPAIN   636-700 rapid expansion of islam following Muhammad’s    wafat.   756 -the arrival of princ...
HISTORY   Alhambra is an ancient arab fortress located on the hills close    to Granada   Alhambra : The Red one (red co...
SITE PLAN OF ALHAMBRA
ARMORY•define by adefensive wall bytowers and gate                         ARAB BATHS   PALACE COMPLEX                    ...
PALACE COMPLEX
COURT OF THE  MYRTLES               COURT OF THE                  LIONS
   The palace enterance is Bab al-Ghadur,    rename by christians the Gate of the Seven    Floors   The 2nd enterance, B...
COURT OF THE MYRTLESFor sovereign andentourage
COURT OF THE LIONS for publicceremonials four channels of water,representing the four riversof Paradise declared in theQ...
ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS         Increadible richness of decoration         > MOJALICAS          ARABESQUES          , seen ...
COURTYARD-a transitional area between     WATER ELEMENT-architecture &the administrative section of the royal   nature are...
MATERIAL (Stained glass)- The mysterious light thatfilters today through the window of the throne room
•MUQARNAS dome, seen in hall ofTwo Sisters.•Every known honeycomb patternis used in the ceiling design, whichcomprises 500...
The Great Mosque Of Cordoba(784)
The Great Mosque Of Cordoba   The site originally a Pagan Temple, then    a Visigoth Christian church, Church of St. Vinc...
Architectural features   Square and rectangular plans   Hypostyle prayer hall   Double arches construction   Horseshoe...
THE GREAT MOSQUE OF CORDOBA
AERIAL VIEW
Stages extension of the mosque .
Spatial
Architectural             elementElevated view of mosque with sixteenthcentury cathedral inserted at center. Courtof Orang...
Architectural element   The system of columns    supporting double    arcades of piers and    arches with alternating    ...
Interior view of the prayer hall, looking   Interior view of the maqsura,through the maqsura towards Qibla           showi...
Interior view of the maqsura; ribbedInterior view of the maqsura; mihrab.   vault before door to the right (west)         ...
interior view of the maqsura; ribbed vault beforemihrab and zone of transition
Interior view of the RoyalChapel (Capilla Real),showing zone of transitionwith ribbed vault
References   http://www.spanisharts.com/arquitectura/i_prerromanico    _visigodo.html   archnet.org/library/images/umayy...
Alhambra Palace and The Great Mosque of Cordoba
Alhambra Palace and The Great Mosque of Cordoba
Alhambra Palace and The Great Mosque of Cordoba
Alhambra Palace and The Great Mosque of Cordoba
Alhambra Palace and The Great Mosque of Cordoba
Alhambra Palace and The Great Mosque of Cordoba
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Alhambra Palace and The Great Mosque of Cordoba

4,895

Published on

our final presention , real one

Published in: Education, Spiritual
1 Comment
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
4,895
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
242
Comments
1
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Alhambra Palace and The Great Mosque of Cordoba

  1. 1. UMAYYAD ARCHITECTURE (661M-976M) The Great Palace Of Al-hambra The Great Mosque Of Cordova
  2. 2. IntroductionMuawiyah Bin Abu Abdul Malik Bin Malik Umar Bin Abdul Aziz Hisyam Bin Abdul Malik Sufyan (685-705M) (717-720M) (724-743M) (661-680M) DAMASCUS SPAIN Abdul Rahman I Abdul Rahman II Abdul Rahman III Abdul Rahman IV (756-788M) (822-825M) (912-961M) (961-976M)
  3. 3. Territory
  4. 4. Significant Building During Umayyad PeriodGreat mosque of damascus- Syria Dome of the rock- Great Mosque Cordoba-Spain JerusalemAl-aqsa mosque-Jerusalem Al-Hambra palace- Spain
  5. 5. ALHAMBRA PALACE, SPAIN IT IS THE MOST FAMOUS EXAMPLE OF THE ISLAMIC INFLUENCE IN SPAIN.ERAZ AQILAH BINTI TAJUL EDRUSMINA AAINAA BINTI MOHD SANUSINUR IZYAN BINTI OTHMAN
  6. 6. CHRONOLOGY OF ISLAMICSPAIN 636-700 rapid expansion of islam following Muhammad’s wafat. 756 -the arrival of prince Abdul Al Rahman in Spain from Morocco as the soul surviving member of the Umayyad Dynasty of Damascus. 1238- The Alhambra was begun. It was built on the hill Sabikah for defensive reasons. Ibn al-ahmar founded the Nasrid Dynasty, and has built the Alhambra. Islam was spread rapidly into West Asia , North Africa and finally to Spain.
  7. 7. HISTORY Alhambra is an ancient arab fortress located on the hills close to Granada Alhambra : The Red one (red colour of the walls around Alhambra. Its principal architectural form was the mosque, which in the early days of the religion was a simple hypostyle hall oriented to Mecca. The Umayyad caliphs in Spain made Cordoba its capital and erected a splendid mosque there. Cordoba is the new center in Spain Alhambra is first and foremost a fortification, defined by a defensive wall.
  8. 8. SITE PLAN OF ALHAMBRA
  9. 9. ARMORY•define by adefensive wall bytowers and gate ARAB BATHS PALACE COMPLEX PALACE OF• was heavily CHARLES Vfortified with awatch tower GATE OF JUSTICE (BAB AL-SHARI’A) • 2nd enterance
  10. 10. PALACE COMPLEX
  11. 11. COURT OF THE MYRTLES COURT OF THE LIONS
  12. 12.  The palace enterance is Bab al-Ghadur, rename by christians the Gate of the Seven Floors The 2nd enterance, Bab al-Shari’a renamed the Gate of Justice. a dense network of rooms mediated by airy gardens with pools of water Water – significant of luxury The Alhambra’s design is exquisitely simple: basic square-shaped building with courts. Any extension was connected by a passage. The true visual joy is when you walk into the
  13. 13. COURT OF THE MYRTLESFor sovereign andentourage
  14. 14. COURT OF THE LIONS for publicceremonials four channels of water,representing the four riversof Paradise declared in theQuran columnar porticosurrounding the courtyard
  15. 15. ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS Increadible richness of decoration > MOJALICAS ARABESQUES , seen all over the wall of alhambra geometry, floral pattern
  16. 16. COURTYARD-a transitional area between WATER ELEMENT-architecture &the administrative section of the royal nature are fused so harmoniouslyprecinct and the Palace of Comares Court of the Lions
  17. 17. MATERIAL (Stained glass)- The mysterious light thatfilters today through the window of the throne room
  18. 18. •MUQARNAS dome, seen in hall ofTwo Sisters.•Every known honeycomb patternis used in the ceiling design, whichcomprises 5000 cells.FLOOR , the square is pavedwithcoloured tile sand the colonnadewith white marble.
  19. 19. The Great Mosque Of Cordoba(784)
  20. 20. The Great Mosque Of Cordoba The site originally a Pagan Temple, then a Visigoth Christian church, Church of St. Vincent during years 600 Then the Umayyad moors come and converted the building into the mosque and then build a mosque on the site. The one of the most accomplished monuments of Islamic architecture After the Spanish Reconquista, it once again became a Roman Catholic church Great Mosque of Cordoba was begun between 784 and 786 during the reign of Abd al-Rahman I
  21. 21. Architectural features Square and rectangular plans Hypostyle prayer hall Double arches construction Horseshoe arches (originally from visigoth architecture – arches without keystone) Courtyard Alternating red and white voussoirs (Inspired from dome of the rock) Use Ashlar construction
  22. 22. THE GREAT MOSQUE OF CORDOBA
  23. 23. AERIAL VIEW
  24. 24. Stages extension of the mosque .
  25. 25. Spatial
  26. 26. Architectural elementElevated view of mosque with sixteenthcentury cathedral inserted at center. Courtof Oranges seen in the lower foreground Court of Oranges, elevated view from north with courtyard portal to prayer hall
  27. 27. Architectural element The system of columns supporting double arcades of piers and arches with alternating red and white voussoirs is an unusual treatment that, structurally, combined striking visual effect with the practical advantage of providing greater height within the hall.
  28. 28. Interior view of the prayer hall, looking Interior view of the maqsura,through the maqsura towards Qibla showing polylobed arches beforewall the qibla wall (to the right)
  29. 29. Interior view of the maqsura; ribbedInterior view of the maqsura; mihrab. vault before door to the right (west) of mihrab (Bab al-Amir)Mihrab chamber is seen through thearchway
  30. 30. interior view of the maqsura; ribbed vault beforemihrab and zone of transition
  31. 31. Interior view of the RoyalChapel (Capilla Real),showing zone of transitionwith ribbed vault
  32. 32. References http://www.spanisharts.com/arquitectura/i_prerromanico _visigodo.html archnet.org/library/images/umayyad style wikipedia.org/wiki/Umayyad_Mosque Nuhan N. Khaury,The meaning of the great mosque of cordoba in 10th century,Page81-94,Independent publisher A global history of architecture/Francis D.K Ching, Mark Jarzombek, Vikramaditya Prakash , Published by John Wiley & sons Inc., Hoboken, New jersey
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×