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  • 1. Sedimentary rocks, pt2
  • 2. Sedimentary rocks
    1. clastic
    2. chemical
    3. organic
  • 3. Sedimentary rocks: chemical rocks
    Sea, lake, swamp, and other waters contain dissolved minerals.
    Chemical sediments are formed when these minerals fall out of solution:
    Evaporation
    Chemical reaction
  • 4. Chemical rocks
    1. limestones of chemical origin: from tiny grains of calcite
    2. rock salt
    3. gypsum
  • 5. limestone
  • 6. Rock salt
  • 7. gypsum
  • 8. Sedimentary rocks
    1. clastic
    2. chemical
    3. organic: formed from the remains of animals and plants.
    E.g. limestone and coal
  • 9. limestone
    usually an organic sedimentary rock that forms from the accumulation of shell, coral, algal and fecal debris.
    It can also be a chemical sedimentary rock formed by the precipitation of calcium carbonate from lake or ocean water.
  • 10. limestone
    Contain calcite, so they can be identified by the acid test.
  • 11. Fossils
  • 12. Fossils
    Fossils are remains or impressions of plants and animals in rock
    Skeletal structures remain, or are replaced by minerals in their shape.
    Found in sedimentary rocks. (Why not in igneous rocks?)
  • 13.
  • 14. geodes
  • 15. geodes
    1. Water dissolves some limestones, creating cavities within.
    2. The groundwater deposits quartz or calcite crystals in the cavities.
  • 16. concretions
  • 17. concretions
    Concretions are rounded rocks embedded in layers of stone in sedimentary rocks. They are often harder than the surrounding rock and weather out of the host rock. They are often spherical or nodules. Nodules are often shaped like potatoes.