Naturalism and realism.4

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Naturalism and realism.4

  1. 1. It is defined as “the faithfulrepresentation of reality” or“verisimilitude”. Realism is often cited asa technique of writing that some authorsuse, but it also is a subject of matter thatincludes topics such as the middle-classlife and it opposes to the romanticism.
  2. 2. Realism had profound effects on fictionfrom places as far-flung as Russia andthe Americas. The novel, which hadbeen born out of the romance as amore or less fantastic narrative, settledinto a realistic mode which is stilldominant today.
  3. 3. Aside from genre fiction such as fantasyand horror, we expect the ordinary noveltoday to be based in our own world, withrecognizably familiar types of charactersendowed with no supernatural powers,doing the sorts of things that ordinarypeople do every day.
  4. 4. The emergence of Naturalism does notmark a radical break with Realism, ratherthe new style is a logical extension of theold. The term was invented by Émile Zolapartly because he was seeking for astriking platform from which to convincethe reading public that it was gettingsomething new and modern in his fiction.In fact, he inherited a good deal from hispredecessors.
  5. 5. He argued that his special contributionto the art of fiction was the applicationto the creation of characters and plot ofthe scientific method. The new "scientificnovel" would be created by placingcharacters with known inheritedcharacteristics into a carefully definedenvironment and observing the resultingbehavior.
  6. 6. During the 18th century, in France,Realism had its influences on the fictionand the theater. That is not so surprising,considering its continuous struggleagainst Romanticism.
  7. 7. He is generally accredited to be thegrandfather of the Realism, thanks to hisnovel The Human Comedy, whichdepicted every aspect of the residentsof France in the 18th century in a veryclear way. Balzac was well-known fordescribing with such precision almosteverything he wrote about.
  8. 8. Zola was a French author, with manyworks being a huge influence theNaturalism movement. He argued thathis special contribution to the art offiction was the application to thecreation of characters and plot of thescientific method. The new "scientificnovel" would be created by placingcharacters with known inheritedcharacteristics into a carefully defined
  9. 9.  http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit /realism.htm http://public.wsu.edu/~brians/hum_303/ naturalism.html http://www.online-literature.com/emile- zola/

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