kota Super Thermal Power Station training ppt
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kota Super Thermal Power Station training ppt kota Super Thermal Power Station training ppt Presentation Transcript

  • By : Aman Agrawal 09EVVME005 B.TECH. 4th Year Mechanical Engg. Vit (East), Jaipur
  • INTRODUCTION OF THE THERMALPOWER PLANTIt was established in 1983.It is located at the left bank of the CHAMBAL River at theupstream of KOTA BAIRAJ.1st & 2nd units are of 110 MW each.3rd ,4th &5th units are of 210 MW .6th & 7 unit of 195 MW.Total generation capacity(110+110+210+210+210+195+195) =1240 MWFavorable condition Abundant quantity of clean cooling water. Good transport facility Concentration of load in Kota region due to large number of industries.
  • INSTALLED CAPACITY
  • Main Parts of Kota Super ThermalPower Station• Principle• Layout• Coal handling plant• Boiler• Super heater• Steam Turbine• Economizer• Generator• Water Treatment Plant• Ash handling plant• Control Room
  • TECHNICAL LAYOUT OF KSTPS
  • Coal Handling PlantCoal handling plant section• Wagon unloading system• Crushing system• Conveying system
  • Wagon unloading system Unload the coal from wagon to hopper with the help of wagon Tripler. Hopper allows to pass coal pieces ≤ 200mm From hopper coal fall on vibrator which is supported by roller.
  • Conveying system Belt are used to convey coal from coal handling plant to furnace. Specification:-  Belt width : 1400mm  Speed : 2.2m/sec  Total install power : 360kw  Capacity : 1350/750 ton/hr  No. of conveyor: 38
  • Crushing system CRUSHER HOUSE:- It consists of crushers which are used to crush the coal to 20 mm size. Two types  Primary crusher o Rail crusher o Rotary breaker  Secondary crusher
  • Boiler It is a closed vessel in which water under pressure is converted into steam. Hot water or steam used to transfer heat to a process. A boiler is always designed to absorb maximum amount of heat released in process of combustion. Furnace:- It is primary part of boiler where the fuel is burnt to liberate the heat energy. Chemical Thermal Energy of Energy by fuel combustion
  • Figure Boiler
  • Super heater Super heater consists group of tubes. The tubes are heated by the heat of combustion gases during their passage from furnace to chimney, so the temperature increased. Super heater remove the moisture from the steam leaving from the boiler tubes.
  • Steam Turbine It is a machine in which a shaft is rotated steadily by reaction of steam, air upon blades of a wheel. When Steam is used then it is called steam turbine. It works on Modified Rankine cycle. Kinetic Mechanical Energy Energy
  • Economizer Economizer is a device which recover the heat from the flue gases on their way to chimney. It increases the 10-12% efficiency of the plant.
  • GENERATOR •An electrical generator is a machine which converts mechanical energy into electrical energy through electro mechanical energy conversion . •The generator is driven by directly coupled steam turbine at a speed of 3000 r.p.m.Mechanical Electrical Energy Energy
  • Water Treatment Plant Pressure filter removes undisclosed impurities from raw water. Carbon filter removes excess chlorine from clarified water. D.M. plant removes dissolved impurities from clarified water. Conductivity ,pH & silica content of this water must be checked time to time. D.M. water must be in the ratio of 1:8
  • Ash Handling Plant In thermal plants 25% is furnace bottom ash and 75% is pulverized fuel ash. Electrostatic Precipitator is used in ash handling plant to remove fly ash.
  • ASH HANDLING ID Fan Boiler ESP Dry Ashwater Fly Ash A P PA Fan To coal mill To furnace H FD Fan wet ash
  • Control Room
  • THANK YOU…!!! &ANY QUERIES ???