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Mining: Growth industry’s devastating footprint: what next?

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Presentation: Anil Agarawal mining Symposium at Centre for Science and Environment, …

Presentation: Anil Agarawal mining Symposium at Centre for Science and Environment,
India Habitat Centre
http://www.cseindia.org/programme/industry/mining_symposium.html

Published in: Technology, Business

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  • 1. Mining: Growth industry’s devastating footprint: what next? Sunita Narain Director
  • 2. Background
    • Our work:
    • Rating of Indian industry: Paper; auto; cement
    • Working with media: fellowship 2006
    • Our understanding:
    • Big issue ; big politics and current news – from Posco; Mittal; to China
    • Challenge to development : industry extracts resources; does not even provide employment – devastates local environment; people’s lives
    • Regulatory and governance failure – why laws and institutions not able to decide in public interest
    • Huge tensions – from lynching of contractor in Goa; Kalinganagar; to all other cases
  • 3. Our work
    • From Green Rating of individual sectors to:
    • Work with regulators – paper on state of regulators (PCB’s) in India; training workshops;
    • Work with civil society – provide technical inputs into EIAs; training workshops;
    • Work with cross-cutting issues with industry; regulators and civil society – to push for policy changes: Book; consultation and briefing on mining
  • 4. Overview: China factor
    • Since 2005
    • Huge increase in demand;
    • Huge increase in price -- up 48 per cent since the beginning of 2006
    • Real price at 15-year high
  • 5. Impacts on us
    • Growth industry : between mid 1990s to 2005
    • Iron ore production increased has doubled in 10 years – from 60 million tonnes annually to 155 million tonnes;
    • Bauxite increased from 5 million tonnes to 12 million tonnes;
    • Chromite from 1 million tonnes to 3.4 million tonnes
    • Coal and lignite from 266 million tonnes to 438 million tonnes
    • Just the beginning – clear from the gold rush in all states; clear from the players in the field
  • 6. Big business: Big fights
    • Steel; Aluminum; cement expected to grow at 9-10 per cent annually in next 10 years;
    • Power plants – on coal – on high trajectory
    • Fights:
    • Between big players – Indian and multinational only in the mining area and between Indian players in integrated sectors – steel makers want integrated iron ore fields etc; between export and domestic value addition;
    • Between public sector – which has existing concessions – and new players who want the mining areas;
    • Between small, unorganised miners and big multinational miners;
    • Left out:
    • People who will be displaced
    • Environment and forest
  • 7. Mines and water
  • 8. Mines and forests
  • 9. Forest clearance for mining 8,639 2,031 Avg. forest diversion/ year (ha.) 95,003 60,427 34,527 Forests diverted (ha.) 80 126 19 Avg. leases granted/ year 1198 881 317 Mine leases granted in forest areas Total (1980-2005) 1997-2005 1980-1997
  • 10. Understanding regulations
    • 1. Environmental clearances: on what basis?
    • 2. Public hearing: are people heard?
    • 3. Forest clearance or forest compensation?
    • 4. Environment management plan: who oversees? Who plans? What are the institutions for this?
    • 5. Mine restoration?
    • 6. Watersheds? Is this anyone’s concern
  • 11. Mines and water
  • 12. Mines and forests
  • 13. Forest clearance for mining 8,639 2,031 Avg. forest diversion/ year (ha.) 95,003 60,427 34,527 Forests diverted (ha.) 80 126 19 Avg. leases granted/ year 1198 881 317 Mine leases granted in forest areas Total (1980-2005) 1997-2005 1980-1997
  • 14. Understanding regulations
    • 1. Environmental clearances: on what basis?
    • 2. Public hearing: are people heard?
    • 3. Forest clearance or forest compensation?
    • 4. Environment management plan: who oversees? Who plans? What are the institutions for this?
    • 5. Mine restoration?
    • 6. Watersheds? Is this anyone’s concern