Industrial Revolution

1,633
-1

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,633
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
42
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Industrial Revolution

  1. 1. ATILIA<br />SURAYA<br />KAVI<br />
  2. 2. INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION1760-1850<br />
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION<br />THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION(IR) WAS BEGIN IN THE 18TH TO THE 19TH CENTURY.<br />CHANGES HAPPEN IN AGRICULTURE, MANIFACTURING, MINING AND TRANSPORTATION. <br />MAN POWER(LABOUR)->ANIMAL POWER->MECHANICAL POWER<br />IR INTRODUCE NEW METHODS OF CULTIVATION OF CORPS IN AGRICULTURE REVOLUTION AND MODERN METHODS OF MANUFACTURING GOOD IN MECHANICAL REVOLUTION.<br />THIS DEVELOPMENTS TRANSFORMED A LARGELY RURAL POPULATION FROM MAKING A LIVING FROM AGRICULTURAL TO A TOWN CENTRED SOCIETY ENAGED IN MANIFACTURE.<br />IR IS A COMBINATION OF AGRICULTURE REVOLUTION AND MECHANICAL REVOLUTION.<br />
  4. 4. AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION<br />BRITAIN NEEDED MORE FOOD<br />FARM WERE STILL RUN ON THE MEDIEVAL STRIP SYSTEM<br />NEW IDEAS AND MACHINERY WERE BEING DEVELOP<br />CHANGE IN METHOD IN CIVILIZATION OF CROPS TO INCREASE PRODUCTION FOR COMMERCIAL PURPOSE<br />MIXED FARMING<br />ROTATION FARMING<br />IN THE 18TH CENTURY DRILLS FOR SOWING SEED AND MACHINES FOR THRESHING WERE INVENTED<br />
  5. 5. MECHANICAL REVOLUTION<br />MANY NEW MACHINES WERE INVENTED DURING THE 18TH CENTUARY<br />EARLY INVENTIONS WERE RELATED TO CLOTH MANUFACTURE<br />THERE A FEW EXAMPLE OF NEW INVENTION AND THE MAKER<br />(1) IN 1733 JOHN K INVENTED THE ‘FLAYING SHUTTLE’ TO WEAVE CLOTH<br />(2) IN 1764 JAMES HARGREAVES INVENTED THE ‘SPINNING JENNY’ FOR MAKING THREAD<br />(3) IN 1767 RICHARD ARKWRIGHT INVENTED THE ‘WARET FRAME’<br />
  6. 6. IN 1769 JAMES WATT INVENTED THE STEAM ENGINE BY END OF THE 18TH CENTURY C.STEAM POWER BEGAN TO BE USE IN OTHER INDUSTRIES<br />WITH THE USE OF STEAM POWER MACHINES HAD TO BE SET UP IN FACTORIES.<br />THE WAS AN INCREASE IN THE USE OF IRON<br />WORKERS WHO WERE SO USE TO WORKING FROM HOME HAD TO BE BROUGHT TO FACTORIES LOCATED IN TOWNS TO WORK.<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. CAUSES OF INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION BEGAN IN ENGLAND<br />AGRICULTURE REVOLUTION WAS THE FORERUNNER THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION <br />ENGLAND HAD SUITABLE LAND FOR AGRICULTURE<br />INCREASE IN POPULATION BY ABOUT 50% BETWEEN 1750 UNTIL 1801<br />SUPPORT FROM GOVERNMENT WITH REGARD TO LAND OWNERSHIP CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS AND CANALS- THEY WAS ALSO POLITICAL STABILITY<br />INVENTORS WERE GIVEN PATENT RIGHTS<br />A GROUP OF CITIZEN CALLED ‘PURITAN’ HAD INVEST MONEY TO THIS INDUSTRY AFTER THEIR POLITIC RIGHTS HAVE BEEN DENIED<br />
  9. 9. PERSON WHO MADE THE THE CHANGES (TRANSPORTATION/COMMUNICATION)<br />JAMES BRINDLEY<br /> -BUILT A NETWORK OF FIRST CLASS CANALS.HE<br /> BUILT THE BRIDGE WATER CANAL IN 1759-1761<br /> BETWEEN WORSELY AND MANCHESTER.<br /> -THE GRAND TRANK CANAL BETWEEN TRENT<br /> AND MERSEY, AND STAFFORDSHIRE <br /> AND WORCESTERSHIRE CANAL BETWEEN <br /> TRENT AND SOVERN WERE ALSO BUILD BY HIM <br /> -OVER 350 MILES OF CANALS<br />
  10. 10. GEORGE STEPHENSON<br /> -INVENTED THE FIRST TRAIN IN 1829<br /> -FIRST TRAIN IN ENGLAND WAS BETWEEN<br /> LIVERPOOL AND MANCHESTER<br /> -IT WAS CALLED ‘THE ROCKET’<br />
  11. 11. SAMUEL MORSE<br /> -INVENTED A TELEGRAPH SYSTEM<br /> -IN 1844 TELEGRAPH SERVICES BEGAN BETWEEN WASHINGTON AND BALTIMORE<br />ALEXENDER GRAHAM BELL<br /> -INVENTED THE TELEPHONE IN 1876<br />THOMAS TELFORD<br /> -BEST KNOWN FOR PLANNING ROADS AND BUILDING BRIDGES<br />
  12. 12. CHANGES TOOK PLACE IN EUROPE DURING IR IN THE 18TH CENTURY<br />POLITIC<br />ECONOMY<br />SOCIAL<br />
  13. 13. POLITIC EFFECT<br />Capitalism vs Socialism<br />Capitalism - individuals, rather than governments,<br /> control the factors of production (land, labor,<br /> capital); businesses are privately owned<br />Socialism - government owns the means of<br /> production and operate them on behalf of the<br /> people<br />Reform movements<br />
  14. 14. ECONOMY EFFECT<br />Goods were produced more efficiently<br />Supply of goods increased<br />Prices of goods decreased<br />More consumer demand due to lowered prices<br />Jobs were created in factories and on rail lines<br />Social changes as well<br />
  15. 15. SOCIAL EFFECT<br />Industry changed Europeans’ way of life<br />Urbanization: a movement of people to cities<br />Changes in farming, demand for workers<br />Dirty and disease ridden from factories<br />Cities were unsafe<br />Shabby apartment buildings<br /> No light, no running water, many to one room, no sanitation system<br />
  16. 16. Hazards of Factory Life<br />Long work days (12-16 hours)<br />No safety devices (loss of limbs, lives)<br />Pollution (coal dust, lint into lungs of workers)<br />Women were paid less than men<br />Many employers preferred women to men<br />Men could adapt to machines better, easier to manage<br />Grim family life (“double-shift”)<br />
  17. 17. Children Suffered in Mills and Mines<br />Orphaned children worked for food and board<br />Many families needed the extra money<br />Many were beat, very few received an education<br />Factory Act of 1833: minimum 13 years old, work<br /> maximum 8 hour day<br /> Middle Class Expanded<br />Rise of factory owners, shippers and merchants<br />Lived in nice housing, dressed and ate well, women<br /> did not work<br />Viewed the poor as lazy or ignorant; responsible for<br /> their own misery<br />
  18. 18. THANK YOU<br />HOPE ALL OF YOU <br />UNDERSTAND <br />THIS TOPIC<br />=)<br />
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×