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Industrial  Revolution
 

Industrial Revolution

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    Industrial  Revolution Industrial Revolution Presentation Transcript

    • ATILIA
      SURAYA
      KAVI
    • INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION1760-1850
    • INTRODUCTION
      THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION(IR) WAS BEGIN IN THE 18TH TO THE 19TH CENTURY.
      CHANGES HAPPEN IN AGRICULTURE, MANIFACTURING, MINING AND TRANSPORTATION.
      MAN POWER(LABOUR)->ANIMAL POWER->MECHANICAL POWER
      IR INTRODUCE NEW METHODS OF CULTIVATION OF CORPS IN AGRICULTURE REVOLUTION AND MODERN METHODS OF MANUFACTURING GOOD IN MECHANICAL REVOLUTION.
      THIS DEVELOPMENTS TRANSFORMED A LARGELY RURAL POPULATION FROM MAKING A LIVING FROM AGRICULTURAL TO A TOWN CENTRED SOCIETY ENAGED IN MANIFACTURE.
      IR IS A COMBINATION OF AGRICULTURE REVOLUTION AND MECHANICAL REVOLUTION.
    • AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION
      BRITAIN NEEDED MORE FOOD
      FARM WERE STILL RUN ON THE MEDIEVAL STRIP SYSTEM
      NEW IDEAS AND MACHINERY WERE BEING DEVELOP
      CHANGE IN METHOD IN CIVILIZATION OF CROPS TO INCREASE PRODUCTION FOR COMMERCIAL PURPOSE
      MIXED FARMING
      ROTATION FARMING
      IN THE 18TH CENTURY DRILLS FOR SOWING SEED AND MACHINES FOR THRESHING WERE INVENTED
    • MECHANICAL REVOLUTION
      MANY NEW MACHINES WERE INVENTED DURING THE 18TH CENTUARY
      EARLY INVENTIONS WERE RELATED TO CLOTH MANUFACTURE
      THERE A FEW EXAMPLE OF NEW INVENTION AND THE MAKER
      (1) IN 1733 JOHN K INVENTED THE ‘FLAYING SHUTTLE’ TO WEAVE CLOTH
      (2) IN 1764 JAMES HARGREAVES INVENTED THE ‘SPINNING JENNY’ FOR MAKING THREAD
      (3) IN 1767 RICHARD ARKWRIGHT INVENTED THE ‘WARET FRAME’
    • IN 1769 JAMES WATT INVENTED THE STEAM ENGINE BY END OF THE 18TH CENTURY C.STEAM POWER BEGAN TO BE USE IN OTHER INDUSTRIES
      WITH THE USE OF STEAM POWER MACHINES HAD TO BE SET UP IN FACTORIES.
      THE WAS AN INCREASE IN THE USE OF IRON
      WORKERS WHO WERE SO USE TO WORKING FROM HOME HAD TO BE BROUGHT TO FACTORIES LOCATED IN TOWNS TO WORK.
    • CAUSES OF INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION BEGAN IN ENGLAND
      AGRICULTURE REVOLUTION WAS THE FORERUNNER THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
      ENGLAND HAD SUITABLE LAND FOR AGRICULTURE
      INCREASE IN POPULATION BY ABOUT 50% BETWEEN 1750 UNTIL 1801
      SUPPORT FROM GOVERNMENT WITH REGARD TO LAND OWNERSHIP CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS AND CANALS- THEY WAS ALSO POLITICAL STABILITY
      INVENTORS WERE GIVEN PATENT RIGHTS
      A GROUP OF CITIZEN CALLED ‘PURITAN’ HAD INVEST MONEY TO THIS INDUSTRY AFTER THEIR POLITIC RIGHTS HAVE BEEN DENIED
    • PERSON WHO MADE THE THE CHANGES (TRANSPORTATION/COMMUNICATION)
      JAMES BRINDLEY
      -BUILT A NETWORK OF FIRST CLASS CANALS.HE
      BUILT THE BRIDGE WATER CANAL IN 1759-1761
      BETWEEN WORSELY AND MANCHESTER.
      -THE GRAND TRANK CANAL BETWEEN TRENT
      AND MERSEY, AND STAFFORDSHIRE
      AND WORCESTERSHIRE CANAL BETWEEN
      TRENT AND SOVERN WERE ALSO BUILD BY HIM
      -OVER 350 MILES OF CANALS
    • GEORGE STEPHENSON
      -INVENTED THE FIRST TRAIN IN 1829
      -FIRST TRAIN IN ENGLAND WAS BETWEEN
      LIVERPOOL AND MANCHESTER
      -IT WAS CALLED ‘THE ROCKET’
    • SAMUEL MORSE
      -INVENTED A TELEGRAPH SYSTEM
      -IN 1844 TELEGRAPH SERVICES BEGAN BETWEEN WASHINGTON AND BALTIMORE
      ALEXENDER GRAHAM BELL
      -INVENTED THE TELEPHONE IN 1876
      THOMAS TELFORD
      -BEST KNOWN FOR PLANNING ROADS AND BUILDING BRIDGES
    • CHANGES TOOK PLACE IN EUROPE DURING IR IN THE 18TH CENTURY
      POLITIC
      ECONOMY
      SOCIAL
    • POLITIC EFFECT
      Capitalism vs Socialism
      Capitalism - individuals, rather than governments,
      control the factors of production (land, labor,
      capital); businesses are privately owned
      Socialism - government owns the means of
      production and operate them on behalf of the
      people
      Reform movements
    • ECONOMY EFFECT
      Goods were produced more efficiently
      Supply of goods increased
      Prices of goods decreased
      More consumer demand due to lowered prices
      Jobs were created in factories and on rail lines
      Social changes as well
    • SOCIAL EFFECT
      Industry changed Europeans’ way of life
      Urbanization: a movement of people to cities
      Changes in farming, demand for workers
      Dirty and disease ridden from factories
      Cities were unsafe
      Shabby apartment buildings
      No light, no running water, many to one room, no sanitation system
    • Hazards of Factory Life
      Long work days (12-16 hours)
      No safety devices (loss of limbs, lives)
      Pollution (coal dust, lint into lungs of workers)
      Women were paid less than men
      Many employers preferred women to men
      Men could adapt to machines better, easier to manage
      Grim family life (“double-shift”)
    • Children Suffered in Mills and Mines
      Orphaned children worked for food and board
      Many families needed the extra money
      Many were beat, very few received an education
      Factory Act of 1833: minimum 13 years old, work
      maximum 8 hour day
      Middle Class Expanded
      Rise of factory owners, shippers and merchants
      Lived in nice housing, dressed and ate well, women
      did not work
      Viewed the poor as lazy or ignorant; responsible for
      their own misery
    • THANK YOU
      HOPE ALL OF YOU
      UNDERSTAND
      THIS TOPIC
      =)