Introduction New opportunities in technology-facilitated learning, and open practicesImpacting how we serve faculty, staff and students at UMMS
The faculty, students and other staff we serve are increasingly operating in this kind of world: Nonrivalrous Used to be that if I had a journal you couldn’t read it, now we can all read the same journal at the same time. Digital print means instantaneous or near instantaneous distribution and copies of research and resources across the worldAccessible on mobile, laptop, tablets: anytime anywhere.Don’t have to pay for printing, distribution and marketing costs. Espresso Book Machine in the Library: print-on-demand services Material we own the copyright to, that is in the public domain or that is openly licensed. Planned Obsolescence Kathleen Fitzpatrick 2011 “Confronting a change-averse academy, she insists that before we can successfully change the systems through which we disseminate research, scholars must re-evaluate their ways of workinghow they research, write, and review while administrators must reconsider the purposes of publishing and the role it plays within the university.” http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0814727883/ref=as_li_ss_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=plannedobsole-20&linkCode=as2&camp=217145&creative=399373&creativeASIN=08147278832011 Pew Internet Study98 percent of students are Internet users, 93 percent are broadband users and 92 percent have wireless connectivity on their notebook computers or cell phones (or both).http://www.pewinternet.org/Presentations/2011/Oct/Educase-2011.aspxAccording to Rainie, the “new kinds of learners” emerging in this evolving digital environment are:more self-directed (and less top-down) in their acquisition and sharing of knowledge;better arrayed to capture new information inputs;more reliant on feedback;more inclined to collaborate;more open to cross-disciplinary insights and creating their own “tagged” taxonomies; andmore oriented toward people acting as their own individual nodes of production. Networked Learning Students and our own departments are learning and practicing skills in new settings and locationsAble now to connect our local learning communities with resources where they are and can simultaneously connect the global learning community to these resources.Access to education on: planes, at home, on the bus, in another countryOnline learning is becoming increasingly common Recent ECAR report of students and IT: 58% students want some online components in their in-person education setting http://www.educause.edu/Resources/ECARNationalStudyofUndergradua/238012Departments already posting much of their informational and educational content online and in public spaces. Already creating and sharing digital resources across departments, within classes and across institutions and we need to make sure we’re sharing well. Lifelong Learning Able now to reach potential students, current students, alumni, faculty, practitioners and research partners with information and educational content.Shouldn’t stop at access, but think about use of these resources. Furthermore, in a cross-sectional survey, 80% of physicians reported experience of patients presenting printed internet-sourced health information at visits. Thus, the traditional doctor–patient relationship is being challengedEuropean Center for Disease Prevention and Control just released a study that shows patients are increasingly bringing in health information printed from the web to their doctor’s appointments. http://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications/Publications/Literature%20review%20on%20health%20information-seeking%20behaviour%20on%20the%20web.pdfDon’t we want UMMS resources to be what they find? As the IT organization, we can open the door to this use when we support faculty and student projects.
Takeaway: Openness and sharing is becoming a mainstream practice, UMMS is poised to become a leader in this field. Examples include: NIH Now all research funded by NIH must be placed in PubMed Central, an open access repository of the peer reviewed research results that is accessible to the public without cost. “The Director of the National Institutes of Health shall require that all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication: Provided, That the NIH shall implement the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law.”http://publicaccess.nih.gov/policy.htm HHS Open Government Initiative Embracing concepts of the open government mandate: Transparent: information as a “national asset” Disclosed rapidly“In forms that the public can readily find and use” Safeguarding privacy and national security Participatory: need feedback: more effective Collaborative: Must collaborate to share resources in this day and age and facilitate teamwork. Screenshot is an example of the open data initiative within the HHS initiative: uncovered all these datasets that could be opened up legally and safely for others to build tools around like apps and apis. Examples Blue Button Veteran Affairs Veterans self-enter their personal health indicators (blood pressure, weight, heart rate), emergency contact information, test results, family health history, military health history, and other health related information. Can then access this material any time without special tools and take it with them to appointments.http://www.va.gov/bluebutton/ Learning Healthcare System Charles Friedman (Chief Scientific Officer for the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) HHS U-M in the School of Public Health Institute of Medicine definition: "one in which progress in science, informatics, and care culture align to generate new knowledge as an ongoing, natural by-product of the care experience, and seamlessly refine and deliver best practices for continuous improvement in health and health care.” Two-way interaction between research and clinical care, facilitated by health IT.Federated, participatory, built on trust and transparency. Friedman, Wong, Blumenthal. “Achieving Nationwide Learning Health System.” In Science Translational Medicine.(2010) http://stm.sciencemag.org/content/2/57/57cm29.abstract Open mHealthModern technology has many important roles to play in realizing this potential of transforming health and well-being.Involve individuals in their self- and family-careCollect and deliver information that is individually-tailored and relevant to healthEnhance communication and coordination among people, providers, and organizationsGenerate evidence and systematic learning to advance clinical scienceOpensourceSoftware Drupal, Mozilla, Apache Michigan Tailoring System (initially developed with Public Health to tailor messaging to individuals, opensource platform and now used in private industry as well as by LSA, just received a Next Generation Learning Grant from Gates Foundation)
This all relates to us as a Public Institution that is funded partially by the state. Facilitate the distribution the knowledge we produce as a public good (non-rivalrous and non excludable). We don't and can't sell the output of our services and work. We sell an excellent education and produce excellent research. By making the resources from UMMS available AND USEFUL we showcase it and can increase our reputation.Being transparent about our processes promotes how we do education at UMMS. OUR GLOBAL CHALLENGE: State of the School Address: Joe KohlarsIncreasingly we are jointly authoring research with international institutions (joint Science) including major efforts in Ghana. Open.Michigan was launched with this in mind: to strengthen our own students’ ability to practice in a global health context.Thomas Jefferson, in a letter to Isaac McPherson dated August 13, 1813 said “If nature has made any one thing less s-usceptible than all others of exclusive property, it is the action of the thinking power called an idea, which an individual may exclusively possess as long as he keeps it to himself; but the moment it is divulged, it forces itself into the possession of every one, and the receiver cannot dispossess himself of it. Its peculiar character, too, is that no one possesses the less, because every other possesses the whole of it. He who receives an idea from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine, receives light without darkening me. That ideas should freely spread from one to another over the globe, for the moral and mutual instruction of man, and improvement of his condition, seems to have been peculiarly and benevolently designed by nature, when she made them, like fire, expansible over all space, without lessening their density in any point, and like the air in which we breathe, move, and have our physical being, incapable of confinement or exclusive appropriation.”
Current effort is an exploration of many open activities: learning, innovation, data Started with OER: least encumbered pathFaculty own their works at U-M (Updated Standard Practice Guide on copyright earlier this month), Openly licensing content does not involve much tech transfer with scholarly works.Scholarship is most service-oriented. Open.Michigan enables University of Michigan faculty, students, staff and others to share their educational resources and research with the world. Encourage and support this emerging culture of sharing through open practices in creating open resources and using open practices.Help align current practices with legal tools and become the leaders in this new direction of education. 97 participating faculty71 published resources% of sequence directors participating = ~54%, or 19 of 35 353 M1/M2 materials published as OEROpen.umich.edu/education/med pages have been viewed 43,361 times since 3/24/10190 M1/M2 lectures on SlideShare12,266 + views since early May, and over 540 downloads25 Med School videos available on YouTube that have a total of 95,308+ views12 openly licensed learning modules/resources available on the site. Examples: Breast Cancer Detective, The Eyes Have it, Using Asthma Equipment with Children.- We have a published faculty member on Open.Michigan from every department except for the "Unit for Laboratory Animal Medicine."
Copyright occurs automatically at the creation of a new work, when it is fixed in tangible form. This means that almost everything is copyrighted--not just published material but also your emails, your assignments, your letters, your drafts, your doodles, your snapshots, your blogposts.Doesn’t protect: factual information or labor.
“Copyright subsists for a variety of lengths in different jurisdictions. The length of the term can depend on several factors, including the type of work (e.g. musical composition or novel), whether the work has been published or not, and whether the work was created by an individual or a corporation. In most of the world, the default length of copyright is the life of the author plus either 50 or 70 years. In the United States, the term for most existing works is for a term ending 70 years after the death of the author. If the work was a work for hire (e.g., those created by a corporation) then copyright persists for 120 years after creation or 95 years after publication, whichever is shorter.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyright#Copyright_term (CC: BY-SA)
How can we support a transition to a more open, networked, digital learning environment? Consider open practices as the starting point of developing a project with our customers. Choose how we want to share the content (licenses) Be more deliberate and effective in our educational practices. CC licenses mean choices for downstream use and monetization optionsDOES NOT automatically mean we give everything away for freeStill lots of development options even when you openly license the content. Making sure things aren't locked down but shared effectively and legally (Remember those patients who are coming in with information from the Internet; remember data sets we’ve identified that can easily and legally be shared)
CarenStalburg (Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology) Manages the Graduate Medical Education Scholars Program M1/M2 sequence director, wanted to make her work open. LRC and Open.Michigan collaborated to help her make a video to submit to Submitted a video to the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists conference in 2010 Chose a CC: BY-SA licenseSigned a non-exclusive contract: ACOG can add the video to their library (which they charge for and she will receive royalties from)Also published it on Open.Michigan as OER. Now integrating open teaching practices into the Graduate Medical Education Scholars Program. Michael Hortsch, (Assoc. Prof, Dept of Cell and Developmental Biology) Submitted course presentation slides to Open.Michigan as OER.Demand from students to interact with these slides: wanted a learning experience.Creating an app called “The Second Look” based on histology slides. Content is be openly licensed (CC: BY-NC) and available on Open.Michigan, The app will be commercializedE-T helping him to develop the content and the app for this project.
Tips and guides for finding OER.
UMMS Mission: To educate students, physicians and biomedical scholars and to provide a spectrum of comprehensive knowledge, research, patient care and service of the highest quality to the people of the state of Michigan and beyond. New learning opportunities through nonrivalrous creation and distribution of knowledge and networked, lifelong learning opportunitiesOpenness supports all of these things: collaboration, transparency, innovation, etc. in legal ways.As IT organization we must consider how we support faculty, staff, students in a comprehensive and consistent way. How can we all support the Dr. Stalburg’s and the Dr. Hortsch’s when we work with them? If we use public licensing whenever we share something, we increase the knowledge commons, increase our reputation as a top research university, and offer our information in useful ways not just accessible ways. It can all start with adding a license to your unit’s website, like the Library’s adoption of the CC: BY license.
“Share your ideas” by britbohlinger CC: BY-NC http://www.flickr.com/photos/britbohlinger/4223755982/in/photostream/
http://open.umich.edu Emily Puckett Rodgers,Open Education Coordinator Open.Michigan Office of Enabling Technologies Lunch and Learn November 2, 2011 “Sharing” by ben_grey Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright 2011 The Regents of the University of Michigan
Landscape of IT and Education• Digital • Kindle, epubs, tablets, phones• Distributed • 2011 Pew Internet Study: “As Learning Goes Mobile” openmi.ch/Pew-learning2011• Ubiquitous • 2011 ECDPC report: “Health information- “Suggest.” by Timothy Greig seeking behaviour on the web” openmi.ch/ECAR-
Open is going mainstream• NIH public access mandate• HHS open government initiative hhs.gov/open• Learning Healthcare System openmi.ch/iom-lhsreports• Open mHealth openmhealth.org/ http://www.data.gov/communities/node/81/data_t ools
Open and UMMS "The Health OER program provides the• Public University opportunity for the University of Michigan health science schools … to collaborate in an innovative,• 6th ranked comprehensive approach to work research-oriented with others to improve education Medical School in opportunities for health care providers globally. … [W]e are transforming our U.S. health curriculum to provide students with richer learning experiences and strengthening their ability to practice• Global Health in a global health context.” Dean Initiatives Woolliscroft April 28, 2008
There are two principles on which Open.Michigan is founded: 1) Public universities have a responsibility to share the knowledge and resources they create with the public they serve. 2) We are dedicated to increasingknowledge dissemination across the higher education community through encouraging a culture of sharing. knowledge
Copyright: All Rights Reserved Copyright covers: It is designed to protect • Maps • Dramatic works the expression of ideas • Paintings • Photographs but not the ideas • Sound recordings themselves, nor does it • Motion pictures • Computer programs protect effort. • … Standard Practice Guide: Who Holds Copyright at or in Affiliation with the University of Michigan (9/21/2011)SCHOLARLY WORKS means works authored by FACULTY within the scope of theiremployment as part of or in connection with their teaching, research, or scholarship.Common examples of SCHOLARLYWORKS include: lecture notes, case examples, coursematerials, textbooks, works of nonfiction, novels, lyrics, musical compositions/arrangements andrecordings, journal articles, scholarly papers, poems, architectural drawings, software, visualworks of art, sculpture, and other artistic creations, among others, regardless of the medium inwhich those works are fixed or disseminated. openmi.ch/um-spg-copyright11
Copyright holders hold exclusive right to doand to authorize others to:1. Reproduce the work in whole or in part2. Prepare derivative works, such as translations, dramatizations, and musical arrangements3. Distribute copies of the work by sale, gift, rental, or loan4. Publicly perform the work5. Publicly display the work US Copyright Act of 1976, Section 106
Open Licenses: Some Rights Reserved Public All Rights Domain Reservedleast restrictive most restrictive Open Educational Resources “Teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use or re-purposing by others.” Atkins, et. al. A Review of the Open Educational Resources (OER) Movement. 2007
Open and UMMSExamples of openly licensedUMMS content: videos and apps openmi.ch/med-surgical-excision- gynecology Michael Hortsch
Author, title, source, license Attributions page Title slide: CC: Seo2 | Relativo & Absoluto (flickr) http://www.flickr.com/photos/seo2/2446816477/ | http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en Slide 1 CC:BY-SA Jot Powers (wikimedia commons) http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bounty_hunter_2.J PG | http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/ Slide 2 CC: BY-NC Brent and MariLynn (flickr) http://www.flickr.com/photos/brent_nashville/2960420853/ | http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/deed.en Slide 3 http://www.newvideo.com/productdetail.html?productid=NV -AAE-71919 Slide 4 Public Domain: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hummer- H3.JPG Slide 5 Source: Undetermined from a variety of searches on Monster Truck Documentary Judging Costumes by UMMS IT Slide 6 Source: Mega-RC.com http://www.mega- rc.com/MRCImages/Asscd_Mnstr_GT_ShockOPT.jpg Org Slide 7 CC:BY-NC GregRob (flickr) http://www.flickr.com/photos/gregrob/2139442260/ | http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/deed.en Slide 8 CC:BY metaphor91 (flickr) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en
This slide is inserted as the first slide/page of all published materials.Author(s): John Doe, MD; Jane Doe, PhD, 2009License: Unless otherwise noted, this material is made available under theterms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/We have reviewed this material in accordance with U.S. Copyright Law and have tried to maximize yourability to use, share, and adapt it. The citation key on the following slide provides information about how youmay share and adapt this material.Copyright holders of content included in this material should contact firstname.lastname@example.org with anyquestions, corrections, or clarification regarding the use of content.For more information about how to cite these materials visit http://open.umich.edu/education/about/terms-of-use.Any medical information in this material is intended to inform and educate and is not a tool for self-diagnosisor a replacement for medical evaluation, advice, diagnosis or treatment by a healthcare professional. Pleasespeak to your physician if you have questions about your medical condition.Viewer discretion is advised: Some medical content is graphic and may not be suitable for all viewers.
Open from the StartUMMS Mission:To educate students, physicians and biomedical scholars and to provide aspectrum of comprehensive knowledge, research, patient care andservice of the highest quality to the people of the state of Michigan andbeyond. collaboration transparency participation innovation adaptation Bridging the Boxes… by opensourceway
Contact: Emily Puckett Rodgers Open Education Coordinator, Open.Michigan, Office of Enabling Technologies email@example.com @epuckett Connect: open.umich.edu firstname.lastname@example.org Facebook openmi.ch/mediafb“Share your ideas” by britbohlinger Twitter @open_michigan Events Calendar openmi.ch/om- calendar