How many of you have heard about Open.Michigan? About creative commons? About open access?
- founded 2007 launched 2008 University of Michigan Medical School pilot project - founded like open courseware but we include more information
https://open.umich.edu/ Find: where to find our published OER and courses (U-M) 11 schools 74 classes published Share:· learn how to create resources and use our guides license guide resources for finding content how-to’s on citation links to publishing your work with us or others Connect:· where we feature other open projects and activities around campus community (our partnerships) Services: what we can provide you with
U-M OER has these components: pieces of a course publish each separately available multiple formats EDT 585: Open Pedagogy—A New Paradigm for Teaching and Learning, Winter 2010
These issues all create barriers to education and gaps in programs across our state and across the world; OER can address these issues by providing resources that are freely available and adaptable to local contexts and that can be used in a variety of educational settings settings.
Examples include: African institutions using our OER to build courses and programs to address the need to educate doctors and nurses in crowded schools. Other libraries using our libguides to supplement their own resources because they don’t have the staff or ability to do these on their own. Using openly licensed resources to provide high quality materials for students to use in the classroom instead of expensive textbooks or expensive resources that the school can’t afford to buy. It also: increases the visibility of your work provides new opportunities for networking
This is a growing network of initiatives, institutions and investment: movement toward sharing resources legally and transparently. OER is one part of this: we publish openly licensed materials associated with all aspects of teaching and learning. OCW is one aspect of OER; Open Access movement stems from computer programming and software development and now encompasses journals and the publishing. Writers still control their copyright and many of these journals are peer reviewed.
Open Access includes: free, permanent, full-text, online access to scientific and scholarly works; OER includes openly licensed educational content
OER includes: OCW, single images, general campus lectures, image collections, singular learning modules, paper or article; OCW includes: syllabi, lecture notes, presentation slides, assignments, lecture videos - all related to a course
http://ocw.mit.edu/index.htm http://ocw.tufts.edu/ http://www.oerafrica.org/ This is a growing world. MIT was one of the first universities to invest in this on a large scale and they are still leaders in the field, though their open courseware is not as adaptable as ours is because it is only available in pdf formats and can’t be edited. Now we have the Hewlett Foundation funding these initiatives, an Open Courseware World Consortium, and UNESCO is also involved in creating OER. Even NSF has provisions in their grant materials for creating OER. Open.Michigan has partnered with institutions and organizations in South Africa, Ghana, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Canada and in other countries.
http://www.arl.org/sparc/ http://www.merlot.org/merlot/index.htm Within academia there are also other movements that support resource sharing and transparency. SPARC Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition: supports libraries and universities: invest in open publishing practices MERLOT national consortia of Universities and colleges, creation, collection and organizationThese are available to faculty to use in their own teaching contexts but not always openly licensed to be adaptable outside of specific contexts.
http://www.lib.umich.edu/license http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/ U-M investment: Deep Blue and MLibrary’s CC: BY license
http://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/Public_Policy_Initiative_Requirements_for_Course_Design_Spring_2011 Wikimedia Foundation partnering with schools incorporate wiki articles into classroom assignments encouraging students to create high quality articles
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Copyright.svg why are open licenses important? Support the arts and creativity protecting artists from commercial interests encourage innovation last few years it has stopped protecting this and started to stifle it.
Means that:· someone legally must get your permission to use images online, use resources online not enough to cite appropriately fair use doesn’t cover all uses in the classroom, can’t translate a work
widespread use of the internet: copyright infringement is rampant;what does this matter to you? your work that is published online is not properly attributed to you creative commons and open licenses addresses these issues. creative commons: worldwide organization, based in California, works within our legal system, alternatives to the all rights reserved status, still own the copyright to your works
tiered interface for its licenses: human readable (plain language) Legal speak machine readable (searchable)
They work around the world and create a very user friendly interface to make these licenses understandable and findable—helping others find your resources when they search for keywords.
CC BY: attribution; most open license; you only request people credit you for your work.
CC BY-SA: share alike; you want others to use your work but you also want them to use the same open license on anything they create that used your materials This is the license used by Wikipedia, and is recommended for materials that would benefit from incorporating content from Wikipedia and similarly licensed projects.
CC BY-NC: you don’t want others to use your work for commercial gain this means neither Apple nor the NGO down the street can use your work can be problematic sometimes if an organization uses your work but needs to be sustainable and so has a subscription fee
CC BY-NC-SA: a combination of the above. This license means that any derivative works must be licensed just like this one.
The more terms you apply to your license the more closed it is and the less adaptable it is; Open.Michigan only uses the first four licenses because these allow for adaptability. Creative Commons has licenses that allow for no derivatives but we don’t use them.
Open.Michigan’s OER separate pieces Users don’t have to sign in Deep Blue deposited link to the school course resource information; we’re always adapting our resources to suit the needs and interests of our users very slightly and making sure our content is relevant and useful.
When we process course content or other content for publication with Open.Michigan we include a title slide with the author of the work and the license agreement and this slide that describes all the licenses we may use in our materials.
Our OER doesn’t always look like a course; it can be a website
It can be a resource for other teachers
It can be powerpoint slides
It can include links to wikis and blogs; like the course we taught at U-M Flint last winter.
OER is very useful and applicable to U-M Flint community, with it we can share the courses created on the Ann Arbor campus, faculty at Flint can access and use what is created; it’s also in line with the mission of Flint
Searching for OER: can search in many different places; some you have to look for the license, other places you can search within only openly licensed content.
This is an example of one search created through Creative Commons that finds openly licensed images across a range of platforms and repositories.
few ways to do this, always include access to the author, title, source, and open license
You can also use an attributions page like a bibliography at the end of your presentation.
You can always publish the resources you create with Open.Michigan but you can also publish your resources on other sites.
tips for creating OER and the general process: choose your license for your overall work; use open content; cite your sources;
http://www.flickr.com/photos/stevegarfield/4113651268/in/photostream/ CC: BY-SA-NC use OER in the classroom: incorporate it into student exercises; encourage students to learn how to use CC licenses. This will foster good practices and also provide more OER for others to build upon and innovate with.
If you want to work with Open.Michigan to create OER we can help you in several ways
We train volunteers, often students, to understand basic copyright issues and how to clear content to be published as OER. If you have a class you’ve already created and you don’t want to go through and change all the images or citations but you would like to publish it as OER we will match you with a dScribe and they can do the work. This is how we get most of our OER because we don’t have the capacity to collect and clear all of the resources ourselves.
We can also provide you with training, similar to this presentation on how to use larger OER repositories and searches; we can provide you with specific guides or materials to use in your own teaching and learning contexts or within your department; we’ve developed software you can use to clear content and we also provide the publishing platform and stability of depositing all your work in Deep Blue.
Wiki: our workflow and products: all our hand out materials dScribe training materials,
Except where otherwise noted, this work is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Copyright 2011 The Regents of the University of Michigan Opening Doors to Open.Michigan and Creative Commons February 4, 2011 http://open.umich.edu Emily Puckett Rodgers, Open Education Coordinator Brenda Anderson
There are two principles on which Open.Michigan is founded: 1) universities have a moral imperative to share the knowledge and resources they create 2) transparency is necessary for the health and growth of educational institutions Open.Michigan knowledge
Our mission is to help faculty, enrolled students, staff, and self-motivated learners maximize the impact of their creative and academic work by making it open and accessible to the public.
We help you : View and download course materials and educational resources made by the U-M community Learn how to create your own open resources and share them on the web using tools and guides. Explore the U-M open community and its many projects. Open.Michigan
Educational materials and resources offered freely and openly for anyone to use and licensed to be adaptable by others. Open Landscape Unrestricted (free) access to online articles, data, knowledge and information for the public good. OCW Materials associated with a specific course in an institution that have been licensed to be adaptable to others. Open Access
Copyright holders hold exclusive right to do and to authorize others to:
Reproduce the work in whole or in part
Prepare derivative works, such as translations, dramatizations, and musical arrangements
Distribute copies of the work by sale, gift, rental, or loan
Publicly perform the work
Publicly display the work
US Copyright Act of 1976, Section 106 Copyright
Copyright occurs automatically at the creation of a new work, when it is fixed in tangible form. This means that almost everything is copyrighted --not just published material but also your emails, your assignments, your letters, your drafts, your doodles, your snapshots, your blogposts. Copyright
Copyright The internet makes it easy to create and share information, documents articles, knowledge, learning resources, tools, etc. But copyright law doesn’t currently reflect these new opportunities to share. Creative commons
Copyright All Rights Reserved versus Open Licenses “ Creative Commons is a nonprofit organization that develops, supports, and stewards legal and technical infrastructure that maximizes digital creativity, sharing and innovation.” http://creativecommons.org/ ? Creative commons
Copyright Creative Commons: Attribution “ This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licenses offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licensed materials.” Source: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/
NC :: Noncommercial Copyright Creative Commons: Attribution Share Alike “ This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms. All new works based on yours will carry the same license, so any derivatives will also allow commercial use.” Source: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/
Copyright Creative Commons: Attribution Non Commercial “ This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.” Source: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/
Copyright Creative Commons: Attribution Share Alike Non Commercial “ This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.” Source: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/
Some rights reserved: a spectrum. Copyright Adaptability means… Translation Localization Bridge materials Innovation Collaboration All Rights Reserved Public Domain least restrictive most restrictive
Any materials associated with teaching and learning!
U-M’s OER EDT 585: Open Pedagogy—A New Paradigm for Teaching and Learning, Winter 2010
U-M’s OER Use + Share + Adapt Creative Commons – Attribution License Creative Commons – Attribution Share Alike License Creative Commons – Attribution Noncommercial License Creative Commons – Attribution Noncommercial Share Alike License GNU – Free Documentation License Creative Commons – Zero Waiver Public Domain – Expired : Works that are no longer protected due to an expired copyright term. Public Domain – Government : Works that are produced by the U.S. Government. (USC 17 § 105) Public Domain – Self Dedicated : Works that a copyright holder has dedicated to the public domain. Open.Michigan
Collaborate What if your syllabi were available online — not just to your students, but to other colleagues around the country? What if your best assignment descriptions, learning outcomes, assessment results and research findings could be readily and widely shared? What would this mean to you? Would you want to do it? What are the pros and cons? What if you could take advantage of the best pedagogical materials of others, no matter where in the world they originate? How does this affect the traditional routes to publication and even tenure? Discussion