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Marseille-Provence 2013                                                     Problems and solutions in a concrete          ...
©	  ITEMS	  Interna-onal	  –	  May	  2011	                                                       1-­‐	  Background	  
Marseille	  Provence	  2013    	                                                                      European	  Capital	 ...
Marseille	  Provence	  2013    	                                                                      European	  Capital	 ...
©	  ITEMS	  Interna-onal	  –	  May	  2011	                                                       2-­‐	  Problems	  ans	  a...
1-­‐	  Resistance	                                                       ◼    The	  2013	  event	  which	  is	  a	  local	...
2-­‐	  The	  global	  umbrella	                                                       ◼    In	  a	  mul-	  stakeholder	  o...
3-­‐	  The	  use	  of	  data	  for	  profit                                                                                ...
4-­‐	  The	  real	  -me	  control                                                                                         ...
5-­‐	  The	  key	  role	  of	  geographical	  data	                                                       ◼    Need	  to	 ...
6-­‐	  Lack	  of	  standards                                                                                              ...
7-­‐Costs                                                                                               	                 ...
Open Data Garage                                                                                                     Marse...
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  1. 1. Marseille-Provence 2013 Problems and solutions in a concrete case of Open Data©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011   Workshop May 10-11, 2011 Hervé Rannou – ITEMS International
  2. 2. ©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011   1-­‐  Background  
  3. 3. Marseille  Provence  2013   European  Capital  of  Culture   ◼  Aim  to  aAract  10  million  visitors.     ◼  More  than  2.500  projects  have  applied  to  be  selected.   ◼  All  stakeholders  together:  Ci-es  of  Marseille,  Aix,  Arles  …  General  Council  of  the  Bouches-­‐du-­‐Rhône,  Provence-­‐Alpes -­‐Côtes-­‐d’Azur  Region),  Museum…     ◼  Digital  services  have  rapidly  appeared  as  a  key  issue  in  order  to:   –  help  visitors  to  visit  all  the  area  covered  by  the  events,   –  provide  exhaus-ve  and  efficient  informa-on  on  transport,  tourism  …  ©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011   has  appeared  as  a  key  issue   –  To  foster  development  of  innova5ve  services   –  To  facilitate  interoperability  
  4. 4. Marseille  Provence  2013   European  Capital  of  Culture   ◼  Pilot  :  Associa-on  Marseille  Provence  2013   ◼  Assistance  funded  by     –  The  Associa-on   –  Region  Provence  Côtes  d’Azur   –  ERDF  Funds  ©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011  
  5. 5. ©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011   2-­‐  Problems  ans  answers  
  6. 6. 1-­‐  Resistance   ◼  The  2013  event  which  is  a  local  challenge  changes  totally  the  approach  of  Open  Data.   ◼   In  a  usual  Open  data  project,  all  stakeholders  ask  a  lot  of  ques-ons:     –  why  open  data?     –  Which  data?     –  What  is  my  liability?     –  What  are  the  constraints?  ….     ◼  All  the  ques-ons  are  there  but  they  are  beyond  the    ©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011    “YES,  WE  ARE  IN”  
  7. 7. 2-­‐  The  global  umbrella   ◼  In  a  mul-  stakeholder  organisa-on,  an  Open  Data  ini-a-ve  cans  be  understood  as  a  centralized  approach     –  Data  is  a  piece  of  power   –  Risk  to  be  perceived  as  a  super  database  that  would  take  the  control   ◼  That  is  very  important  to  define  a  architecture  that  answer  to  this  risk   ◼  Op-on  proposed:   –  Data  stays  where  it  is     –  Each  partner  keeps  the  control  ©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011   –  The  Open  Data  pla_orm  does  not  decide  which  data  is  the  right  one   •  …  but  it  provides  services  to  avoid  redundancies   –  Architecture  based  on  API  
  8. 8. 3-­‐  The  use  of  data  for  profit   ◼  The  local  authori-es  or  local  agencies  have  ques-ons  regarding  the  use  of  public  data  for  profit  by  third  par-es   ◼  Local  Authori-es  can  not  discriminates  among  type  of  users   ◼  Third  par-es  do  not  have  any  interest  by  selling  raw  data   –  They  can  aggregate  raw  data  with  others  services  and  that  is  why  they  can  get  profit   ◼  That  is  the  same  with  a  road.  The  road  is  public  and  any  professional  ac-vity  use  the  roads  to  work  and  normally  to  make  profit  ©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011   –  Local  authori-es  try  to  foster  Economic  Development.  Open  Data  is  a  way  to  address  that  issue   ◼  Op-on  proposed:   –  Just  explain  to  people  
  9. 9. 4-­‐  The  real  -me  control   ◼  Some  public  data  refers  to  the  opera-on  of  process  like  transport.   ◼  The  PSI  could  refer  to:   –  sta-c  data  like  loca-on  of  sta-ons,  official  schedules  …   –  Dynamic  data:  quality  of  service,  bus  late  …   ◼  Transport  Operator  fear  that  we  could  request  real  -me  informa-on:     –  Would  they  have  to  deliver  a  total  liable  informa-on  in  real  -me?   –  Could  they  have  any  responsibility  if  they  do  not  transmit  the©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011    informa-on?  …   ◼  Op-on:   –  Focus  on  Sta5c  Data  
  10. 10. 5-­‐  The  key  role  of  geographical  data   ◼  Need  to  have  a  global  and  exhaus-ve  geoloca-on  of  everything     ◼  GoogleMaps  could  provide  some  informa-on  but  the  geodata  informa-on  coming  from  data  is  free  of  charge  for  personal  use  but  ambigui-es  remain  in  the  perspec-ve  of  reuse  of  them.   ◼  The  open  data  pla_orm  appears  as  very  legi-mate  for  this  service.     Op-on:  ©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011   ◼  –  Own  and  free  Geo  Database  has  to  be  the  core  of  the  Open  Data  plaMorm  
  11. 11. 6-­‐  Lack  of  standards   ◼  The  development  of  API  should  refer  to  standards  in  access  and  formats  :     –  Culture,  Tourism  …   ◼  The  project  has  to  face  at  the  end  to  a  large  panel  of  formats  defined  by  each  stakeholder.     ◼  The  lack  of  standardisa-on  does  not  provide  a  reliable  environment  in  order  to  convince  stakeholder  to  adopt  these  ad-­‐hoc  standards.  ©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011   ◼  Op-on:   –  XML  global  formats  for  webservices.     –  Variety  of  connectors  to  allow  automa-c  access   –  Repository  of  Data  including  their  own  Formats  
  12. 12. 7-­‐Costs   ◼  Cost  of  the  pla_orm   ◼  Cost  of  opera-ons  ©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011  
  13. 13. Open Data Garage Marseille, 6th July In partnership with Lift France, 7th-8th July with Share-PSI.eu Within the framework of Marseille Provence 2013, European Capital of Culture©  ITEMS  Interna-onal  –  May  2011   www.opendatagarage.org ITEMS  Interna-onal   Hervé  Rannou   herve.rannou@items.fr  
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