IDABC: I nteroperable D elivery of European eGovernment Services to public A dministrations, B usinesses and C itizens ISA: I nteroperability S olutions for European Public A dministrations Need to re-use software: A solution to a given problem may already exist. Do not re-invent the wheel; reduce costly replication
Need to re-use software: A solution to a given problem may already exist. Do not re-invent the wheel; reduce costly replication
Partnering countries (not necessarily forges) include : Spain, France, Austria, Italy, Denmark, Sweden, Germany, Finland, Germany The Free Knowledge Forge of the RedIRIS Community (Spain) Adullact (France) Software Repository of the Junta de Andalucía (Andalucía, Spain) Mancomún forge (Galicia, Spain) Morfeo Free Software Community Forge lafarge.cat (Catalonia, Spain) OpenSource Platform of the digital Austria (Austria) Technology Transfer Centre of the Spanish Ministry of Public Administration (Spain) Guadalinex forge (Andalucia, Spain) forja.linex.org (Extremadura, Spain) ASC – Ambiente di Sviluppe Cooperativo (Italy) COKS (Slovenia) Cenatic (Spain) Forxa Mancomun (Spain) Softwareboersen (Denmark) Friprog (Norway) Programverket (Sweden) Berlios (Germany) COSS (Finnland) Tosslab (Italy) LISoG (Germany, Austria, Switzerland)
Equal legal value in many languages Intellectual property rights conformant with European law requirements Precise limitations of liability or warranty To be valid in all Member States, limitations of liability or warranty had to be precise, and not formulated “to the extend allowed by the law” as in most licences designed with the legal environment of the United States in mind.