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Presentation at National Educational Computing Conference, July 1, 2009.

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  • It is also not just about alignment with standards.
  • Many of us use the cloud, or cloud-based applications, without even being aware of it. Advances in computer science to ensure redundancy and protection from natural disasters have led to data being shared across many different hosting facilities. Improved infrastructure has made the cloud robust and reliable; as usage grows, the cloud is fundamentally changing our notions of computing and communication.
  • Part of a trend that began with simple innovations like personalized start pages, RSS aggregation, and customizable widgets, the personal web is a term coined to represent a collection of technologies that confer the ability to reorganize, configure and manage online content rather than just viewing it. Using a growing set of free and simple tools and applications, it is easy to create customized, personal web-based environments — a personal web — that explicitly supports one’s social, professional, learning and other activities via highly personalized windows to the networked world
  • Google Wave is a new model for communication and collaboration on the web, coming later this year.
  • A portfolio is, literally, a balanced collection of holdings related to one person, such as financial assets, job responsibilities, artistic works, and accomplishments. It’s something portable, something you carry with you. The portfolio represents the whole. It represents what you have or have done as an expression of who you are. (p.4)
  • NECC2009

    1. 1. ePortfolios 2.0:Web 2.0 tools toImprove/ShowcaseStudent TechnologyLiteracy<br />Dr. Helen Barrett<br />NECC 2009<br />Slideshare: eportfolios<br />
    2. 2. Showcase?<br />Assessment?<br />Reflection?<br />Multiple Purposes from Hidden Assumptions<br /><br />
    3. 3. “The Blind Men and the Elephant”Thanks to Alan Levine<br />
    4. 4. QUOTE<br />The e-portfolio is the central and common point for the student experience… It is a reflection of the student as a person undergoing continuous personal development, not just a store of evidence.-Geoff Rebbeck, e-Learning Coordinator, Thanet College, quoted in JISC, 2008, Effective Practice with e-Portfolios<br />
    5. 5. E-Portfolio Components <br /><ul><li>Multiple Portfolios for Multiple Purposes-Celebrating Learning-Personal Planning-Transition/entry to courses-Employment applications-Accountability/Assessment
    6. 6. Multiple Tools to Support Processes-Capturing & storing evidence-Reflecting-Giving & receiving feedback-Planning & setting goals-Collaborating-Presenting to an audience
    7. 7. Digital Repository</li></ul>(Becta, 2007; JISC, 2008)<br />
    8. 8. Enhancing students&apos; computer & multimedia skills through ePortfolios<br />
    9. 9. New Hampshire<br /><br />
    10. 10. New Framework for 21st Century Skills<br />(handout)<br />
    11. 11. New ISTE NETS for Students<br />Creativity and Innovation<br />Communication and Collaboration<br />Research and Information Fluency<br />Critical Thinking, Problem-Solving & Decision-Making<br />Digital Citizenship<br />Technology Operations and Concepts<br />(handout)<br />
    12. 12.
    13. 13. NETS “Refresh”<br />
    14. 14. Mapping Curriculum to Standards<br />
    15. 15. To assess technology skills with a portfolio…<br />You must integrate technology across the curriculum<br />It’s not just an end-of-year activity!<br />Needs a good rubric (under development in New Hampshire)<br />
    16. 16. International Trends in ePortfolio Development<br />Personalized Learning<br />‘Choice’ and ‘Voice’<br />Self-Directed Learning<br />Reflective Practice<br />Constructing Deep Learning<br />Digital Identity Development<br />Interactivity!!!<br />
    17. 17. Student Engagement!<br />CQ + PQ &gt; IQ (Friedman, 2006)[Curiosity + Passion]<br />Learners find their voice and passions through choice and personalization!<br />Portfolio as Story<br />Positive Digital Identity Development<br />“Academic MySpace”<br />
    18. 18. Six technologies with the power to transform K-12 teaching and learning<br />One year or less:<br />collaborative environments<br />online communication tools<br />Two to three years:<br />mobile devices<br />cloud computing<br />Four to five years:<br />smart objects<br />the personal web <br />New Media Centers<br /><br />
    19. 19. Cloud Computing<br />“The cloud is the term for networked computers that distribute processing power, applications, and large systems among many machines.”<br />disk storage and processing cycles a readily available, cheap commodity<br /> thin-client, web-based applications for image editing, word processing, social networking, and media creation<br />More reliable than desktop storage<br />The Horizon Report, 2009<br />
    20. 20. The Personal Web<br />… computer users are assembling collections of tools, widgets, and services that make it easy to develop and organize dynamic online content. Armed with tools for tagging, aggregating, updating, and keeping track of content, today’s learners create and navigate a web that is increasingly tailored to their own needs and interests: this is the personal web. <br />The Horizon Report, 2009<br />
    21. 21. A Technology to Watch:<br />Google Wave!<br /><br />
    22. 22. What is a wave?<br />A wave is equal parts conversation and document. People can communicate and work together with richly formatted text, photos, videos, maps, and more.<br />A wave is shared. Any participant can reply anywhere in the message, edit the content and add participants at any point in the process. Then playback lets anyone rewind the wave to see who said what and when.<br />A wave is live. With live transmission as you type, participants on a wave can have faster conversations, see edits and interact with extensions in real-time. <br /><br />
    23. 23. Architectureof InteractionArchitecture of Participation(Web 2.0) <br />allows a<br />Pedagogyof Interaction<br />(ePortfolio 2.0)<br />
    24. 24. A Reminder…<br />Reflection<br />… is the “Heart and Soul” of a Portfolio… NOT the Technology!<br />
    25. 25. Technology & Reflection<br />Two Themes across the Lifespan with ePortfolio Development<br />
    26. 26. Digital Archive (for Life) Supports Lifelong & Life-wide Learning<br />
    27. 27. Early Childhood ePortfolio Emphasis<br />Technologies: Digital images, audio and video plus parent (and grandparent!) involvement<br />Reflection in Early Childhood: Finding Voice and the Language of Reflection<br />
    28. 28. Formal Education: Assessment Portfolio Systems<br />Two approaches<br /><ul><li>Formative
    29. 29. Summative</li></li></ul><li>Forms of Assessment<br />Formative Assessments<br />Provides insights for the teacher<br />Assessment FOR Learning<br />Provides insights for the learner<br />Summative Assessments (Assessment OF Learning or Evaluation)<br />Provides insights (and data) for the institution<br />Nick Rate (2008) Assessment for Learning & ePortfolios, NZ Ministry of Ed<br />
    30. 30. Purposes for Assessment<br />Assessment FOR Learning <br />= <br />Formative (Classroom-based) Assessment<br />Assessment OF Learning = <br />Summative Assessment<br />
    31. 31. Middle Level (ages ~9~14)ePortfolio Emphasis<br />Technologies: Blogs, Wikis, VoiceThread, GAMES!<br />Reflection in Middle Grades: Learning to LearnPortfolio Model <br />
    32. 32. Learning to Learn Portfolio ModelIan Fox, New Zealand<br />
    33. 33. Personalizing & Goal Setting<br />
    34. 34. High School ePortfolio Emphasis<br />Technologies: GoogleApps (Docs, Sites), Social Networking<br />Reflection in High School: Construction of Self, Planning for the Future<br />
    35. 35. Social Learning<br />How can we integrate ePortfolios with what we know about social learning and interactivity?<br />
    36. 36. How can you leveragethe technologies learners own?<br />Accessibility from “net books” and home computers<br />Connectivity with cell phones<br />Audio (podcasts) and Video (digital stories)<br />
    37. 37. Formal Education: Assessment Portfolio Systems<br />Two approaches<br /><ul><li>Formative
    38. 38. Summative</li></li></ul><li>Portfolio Differences<br />Assessment OF Learning<br />Purpose prescribed<br />Artifacts mandated - scoring for external use<br />Organized by teacher<br />Summative (Past to present)<br />Institution-centered<br />Requires extrinsic motivation<br />Assessment FOR Learning<br />Purpose negotiated<br />Artifacts chosen - feedback to learner<br />Organized by learner<br />Formative (Present to future)<br />Student-centered<br />Intrinsically motivating<br />
    39. 39. ePortfolio 1.0 - ePortfolio 2.0<br />Hierarchical, Designed<br />Metaphor: Portfolio as Test<br />Data-driven<br />Focus on Standardization<br />Feedback from Authority Figures<br />Large, complex systems<br />Networked, Emergent<br />Metaphor: Portfolio as Story<br />Learner-driven<br />Focus on Individuality, Creativity<br />Feedback from Community of Learners<br />Small pieces, loosely joined - &quot;Mash-ups&quot;<br />Continued…<br />
    40. 40. ePortfolio 1.0 - ePortfolio 2.0(continued)<br />Web-based Form<br />Positivist<br />Accountability-driven<br />Proprietary<br />Digital Paper (text & images)<br />Local Storage (hard drives, CD)<br />Blog and Wiki<br />Constructivist, Connectivist<br />Learning-focused<br />Open Standards<br />Digital Story (multimedia)<br />Network Storage (Lifetime Personal Web Space)<br />
    41. 41. College Student ePortfolio Emphasis<br />Technologies: Social Technologies, Online Productivity Tools, Online Audio & Video<br />Reflection in Higher Education: Demonstrating Competence, Personalizing Standards-Based Portfolios: Choice and Voice<br />
    42. 42. How is social networking impacting ePortfolio development?<br />It is having a huge impact on our social and political world!<br />
    43. 43. Professional ePortfolio Emphasis<br />Technologies: Social Networks, Productivity Tools, Micro-Blogging (Twitter) and Second Life<br />Reflection on the Job: Sharing Experiences, Building a Community of Learners<br />
    44. 44. Life Portfolio – planning for an extended midlife transition (50-90)<br />An intentional combination of passions and pursuits<br />Envision new possibilities<br />Plan ahead – visualize a new life<br />Not “retirement” but “rewirement”<br />
    45. 45. Portfolio Way of Thinking<br />Careers have a shelf life; portfolios can be timeless (p.x)<br />… expands into a mindset that is ageless, in the broader sense of figuring out what really matters in life. (p.5)<br />In the zone between total career mode and total retirement, many want to discover or rediscover their passion… create a legacy… turn careers into callings, success into significance… to make a difference…<br />…portfolios become an ongoing, ageless framework for self-renewal<br />
    46. 46. Quote<br />“ Portfolio responds to a calling that is knit into the fabric of our very being. It is about what our motivations are, what makes us feel most alive. Portfolio development is what our true work should be, for it’s where our deep gifts, and our gladness, meet the needs of the world.” p. 43<br />
    47. 47. Strategies for a Portfolio Life<br />Tell the Story of Your Life: Narrative is a powerful tool for self-discovery<br />Accomplishments Leave Clues… and increase self-esteem<br />Connect with Others -- Networking<br />Develop Your Goals: Goals Prepare us for Change… Goals Yield Purpose<br />Revise, Reflect, Rebalance<br />
    48. 48. Over 50’sePortfolio Emphasis<br />Technologies: Digital Stories, Reflective Journal (blog), Social Networks<br />Reflection for Later Life: Building a Legacy, Generativity, Planning for a Meaningful Life beyond Work<br />
    49. 49. Balancing the 2 Faces of e-Portfolios<br />
    50. 50. Some Basic Concepts<br />“ePortfoliois both process and product”<br />Process: A series of events (time and effort) to produce a result- From Old French proces(“‘journey’”)<br />Product: the outcome/results or “thinginess” of an activity/process- Destination<br />Wiktionary<br />
    51. 51. Types of ePortfolio Implementation<br />Working Portfolio<br />The Collection<br />The Digital Archive<br />Repository of Artifacts <br />Reflective Journal(eDOL)<br />Collaboration Space<br />Portfolio as Process-- Workspace (PLE)“shoebox”<br />Presentation Portfolio(s)<br />The “Story” or Narrative<br />Multiple Views (public/private)<br />Varied Audiences(varied permissions)<br />Varied Purposes<br /> Portfolio as Product-- Showcase<br />
    52. 52.
    53. 53. Structure of E-Portfolio Types<br />Portfolio as Process/ Workspace<br />Organization: Chronological – eDOL(Electronic Documentation of Learning – U. of Calgary) Documenting growth over time for both internal and external audiences<br />Primary Purpose: Learning or Reflection<br />Reflection: immediate focus on artifact or learning experience<br />Portfolio as Product/ Showcase<br />Organization: Thematic – Documenting achievement of Standards, Goals or Learning Outcomes for primarily external audiences<br />Primary Purpose: Accountability or Employment<br />Reflection: retrospective focus on Standards, Goals or Learning Outcomes (Themes)<br />
    54. 54. What is the best tool?<br />Do you need an all-in-one system or multiple tools?<br />
    55. 55. Less abouttellingMore about talking!<br />- Julie Hughes, University of Wolverhampton<br />Take advantage of Web 2.0 strategies in ePortfolio development<br />
    56. 56.<br />Web 2.0<br />
    57. 57. Why Web 2.0 for e-portfolios?<br />Access from Anywhere!<br />Interactivity!<br />Engagement!<br />Lifelong Skills!<br />Mostly FREE! <br />
    58. 58. Web 2.0 Technologies<br />Advantages<br />Free, often open-source tools on the WWW<br />“Me Publishing (blog and wiki)<br />Shared Writing (GoogleDocs)<br />Web Publishing(Google Sites)<br />Disadvantages<br />May require higher technology competency<br />Mostly not secure websites<br />“Small Pieces, Loosely Joined”<br />
    59. 59. <br />
    60. 60. Process & Web 2.0 Tools<br />
    61. 61. All you need is… an &lt;Embed&gt; Code!<br />Hall Davidson<br />
    62. 62. Blogs<br />Advantages<br />Quickly, easily create a learning journal, documenting growth over time with entries that are date-stamped. <br />WordPress allows additional pages and sub-pages. <br />Interactivity is maintained through RSS feeds and Comments that can be added.<br />WordPress file limit 3 GB!<br />WordPress blogs can be password-protected (as well as individual entries).<br />Disadvantages<br />Prescribed order (reverse-chronological) of entries. <br />Does not allow organizing attached files into folders. <br />Limited attachments in Blogger.<br />Blogger does not allow passwords, often blocked in schools<br />
    63. 63. Wikis<br />Advantages<br />Free (for education) online system. <br />Wikispaces allows 2 GB online storage (PBWiki limits 50 MB). <br />Page can be edited by approved members.<br />Discussion link on top of every page.<br />Saves draft pages and keeps versions. <br />Allows embedding media and building tables on pages.<br />Disadvantages<br />Set up own system for managing the feedback on student work. <br />Does not allow organizing files into folders. <br />Archived version does not save navigation menu. <br />
    64. 64. GoogleDocs<br />Advantages<br />Documents, presentations or spreadsheets can be edited<br />Maintains a record of all revisions, with identity of author. <br />Interactivity is maintained through comments and co-authoring. <br />Easily embed presentations into blog. <br />Convert all documents to Microsoft Office or OpenOffice or PDF.<br />Disadvantages<br />Set up own system for managing the feedback on student work. <br />Requires full time high speed Internet access. <br />No attachments, only hyperlinks to documents.<br />
    65. 65. Google Pages NOW Google Sites<br />Advantages<br />Free website builder<br />Easy-to-use <br />Flexibility and creativity in portfolio authoring. <br />Helps students build technology skills. <br />Automatically store pages online. <br />100 MB limit on uploaded attachments<br />Disadvantages<br />No Interactivity <br />Set up own system for managing the feedback on student work. <br />More of a web page builder than a portfolio program.<br />
    66. 66. Public Google Tools vs. GoogleApps for Education?<br />Public Google Tools (Gmail account)<br />Student owns the account for life (must be over 13)<br />Student has complete control of access<br />FREE for anyone<br />No uploading to Google Video (must use YouTube to embed videos)<br />Start immediately<br />Google Apps for Education<br />Protected environment (school assigns account)<br />School can control access (limit to members)<br />FREE for education<br />Limited use of Google Video (2 GB)<br />Need some advanced set-up time<br /><br />
    67. 67. Move beyond text-only artifacts<br />Encourage development of multimedia artifacts<br />Introduce alternative strategies for reflection<br />Digital storytelling (audio & video)<br />Blogging (including Twitter)<br />
    68. 68. Do Your e-Portfolios have VOICE?<br />Individual Identity<br />Reflection <br />Meaning Making<br />21st Century Literacy<br />“When words are infused by the human voice, they come alive.”<br />- Maya Angelou<br />
    69. 69.<br />This following Word Cloud was created collaboratively by educators around the world, who contributed keywords that came to their mind when thinking about Digital Storytelling. Words that appear larger were used by more contributors.<br /> <br />
    70. 70. New Google Sitesinvitation for collaborators<br />Reflection for Learning <br />ePortfolio Survey Instruments<br />Assessment for Learning<br />CIC Websites due in the fall: Multimedia Records of Practice, Electronic Portfolios & Digital Storytelling <br />
    71. 71. Google Groups to Join<br />Researching Web2.0 Portfolios<br />Using Google Apps for ePortfolios in K-12 Education<br />What is Web 2.0? (online course)<br />
    72. 72. Invitation to Collaborate<br />Help me write a book for ISTE on Interactive Portfolios for Learning<br />Need K-12 teachers familiar with portfolios and comfortable with technology<br />Use primarily Web 2.0 tools (blog, wiki, GoogleApps)<br />Send me an email<br />
    73. 73. My Final Wish…<br />May all yourelectronic portfoliosbecome dynamic celebrationsandstories of deep learningacross the lifespan.<br />
    74. 74. Dr. Helen Barrett<br />Researcher & ConsultantElectronic Portfolios & Digital Storytelling for Lifelong and Life Wide Learning<br /><br /><br />