ePortfolios 2.0:Web 2.0 tools toImprove/ShowcaseStudent TechnologyLiteracy Dr. Helen Barrett NECC 2009 Slideshare: eportfolios
Showcase? Assessment? Reflection? Multiple Purposes from Hidden Assumptions http://www.rsc-northwest.ac.uk/acl/eMagArchive/RSCeMag2008/choosing%20an%20eportfolio/cool-cartoon-346082.png
“The Blind Men and the Elephant”Thanks to Alan Levine
QUOTE The e-portfolio is the central and common point for the student experience… It is a reflection of the student as a person undergoing continuous personal development, not just a store of evidence.-Geoff Rebbeck, e-Learning Coordinator, Thanet College, quoted in JISC, 2008, Effective Practice with e-Portfolios
Enhancing students' computer & multimedia skills through ePortfolios
New Hampshire http://www.nheon.org/ictliteracy/kit4.html
New Framework for 21st Century Skillshttp://www.21stcenturyskills.org/ (handout)
New ISTE NETS for Students Creativity and Innovation Communication and Collaboration Research and Information Fluency Critical Thinking, Problem-Solving & Decision-Making Digital Citizenship Technology Operations and Concepts (handout)
To assess technology skills with a portfolio… You must integrate technology across the curriculum It’s not just an end-of-year activity! Needs a good rubric (under development in New Hampshire)
International Trends in ePortfolio Development Personalized Learning ‘Choice’ and ‘Voice’ Self-Directed Learning Reflective Practice Constructing Deep Learning Digital Identity Development Interactivity!!!
Student Engagement! CQ + PQ > IQ (Friedman, 2006)[Curiosity + Passion] Learners find their voice and passions through choice and personalization! Portfolio as Story Positive Digital Identity Development “Academic MySpace”
Six technologies with the power to transform K-12 teaching and learning One year or less: collaborative environments online communication tools Two to three years: mobile devices cloud computing Four to five years: smart objects the personal web New Media Centers http://www.nmc.org/
Cloud Computing “The cloud is the term for networked computers that distribute processing power, applications, and large systems among many machines.” disk storage and processing cycles a readily available, cheap commodity thin-client, web-based applications for image editing, word processing, social networking, and media creation More reliable than desktop storage The Horizon Report, 2009
The Personal Web … computer users are assembling collections of tools, widgets, and services that make it easy to develop and organize dynamic online content. Armed with tools for tagging, aggregating, updating, and keeping track of content, today’s learners create and navigate a web that is increasingly tailored to their own needs and interests: this is the personal web. The Horizon Report, 2009
A Technology to Watch: Google Wave! http://wave.google.com/
What is a wave? A wave is equal parts conversation and document. People can communicate and work together with richly formatted text, photos, videos, maps, and more. A wave is shared. Any participant can reply anywhere in the message, edit the content and add participants at any point in the process. Then playback lets anyone rewind the wave to see who said what and when. A wave is live. With live transmission as you type, participants on a wave can have faster conversations, see edits and interact with extensions in real-time. http://wave.google.com/
Architectureof InteractionArchitecture of Participation(Web 2.0) allows a Pedagogyof Interaction (ePortfolio 2.0)
A Reminder… Reflection … is the “Heart and Soul” of a Portfolio… NOT the Technology!
Technology & Reflection Two Themes across the Lifespan with ePortfolio Development
Digital Archive (for Life) Supports Lifelong & Life-wide Learning
Early Childhood ePortfolio Emphasis Technologies: Digital images, audio and video plus parent (and grandparent!) involvement Reflection in Early Childhood: Finding Voice and the Language of Reflection
Formal Education: Assessment Portfolio Systems Two approaches
Forms of Assessment Formative Assessments Provides insights for the teacher Assessment FOR Learning Provides insights for the learner Summative Assessments (Assessment OF Learning or Evaluation) Provides insights (and data) for the institution Nick Rate (2008) Assessment for Learning & ePortfolios, NZ Ministry of Ed
Purposes for Assessment Assessment FOR Learning = Formative (Classroom-based) Assessment Assessment OF Learning = Summative Assessment
Middle Level (ages ~9~14)ePortfolio Emphasis Technologies: Blogs, Wikis, VoiceThread, GAMES! Reflection in Middle Grades: Learning to LearnPortfolio Model
Learning to Learn Portfolio ModelIan Fox, New Zealand
Portfolio Differences Assessment OF Learning Purpose prescribed Artifacts mandated - scoring for external use Organized by teacher Summative (Past to present) Institution-centered Requires extrinsic motivation Assessment FOR Learning Purpose negotiated Artifacts chosen - feedback to learner Organized by learner Formative (Present to future) Student-centered Intrinsically motivating
ePortfolio 1.0 - ePortfolio 2.0 Hierarchical, Designed Metaphor: Portfolio as Test Data-driven Focus on Standardization Feedback from Authority Figures Large, complex systems Networked, Emergent Metaphor: Portfolio as Story Learner-driven Focus on Individuality, Creativity Feedback from Community of Learners Small pieces, loosely joined - "Mash-ups" Continued…
ePortfolio 1.0 - ePortfolio 2.0(continued) Web-based Form Positivist Accountability-driven Proprietary Digital Paper (text & images) Local Storage (hard drives, CD) Blog and Wiki Constructivist, Connectivist Learning-focused Open Standards Digital Story (multimedia) Network Storage (Lifetime Personal Web Space)
College Student ePortfolio Emphasis Technologies: Social Technologies, Online Productivity Tools, Online Audio & Video Reflection in Higher Education: Demonstrating Competence, Personalizing Standards-Based Portfolios: Choice and Voice
How is social networking impacting ePortfolio development? It is having a huge impact on our social and political world!
Professional ePortfolio Emphasis Technologies: Social Networks, Productivity Tools, Micro-Blogging (Twitter) and Second Life Reflection on the Job: Sharing Experiences, Building a Community of Learners
Life Portfolio – planning for an extended midlife transition (50-90) An intentional combination of passions and pursuits Envision new possibilities Plan ahead – visualize a new life Not “retirement” but “rewirement”
Portfolio Way of Thinking Careers have a shelf life; portfolios can be timeless (p.x) … expands into a mindset that is ageless, in the broader sense of figuring out what really matters in life. (p.5) In the zone between total career mode and total retirement, many want to discover or rediscover their passion… create a legacy… turn careers into callings, success into significance… to make a difference… …portfolios become an ongoing, ageless framework for self-renewal
Quote “ Portfolio responds to a calling that is knit into the fabric of our very being. It is about what our motivations are, what makes us feel most alive. Portfolio development is what our true work should be, for it’s where our deep gifts, and our gladness, meet the needs of the world.” p. 43
Strategies for a Portfolio Life Tell the Story of Your Life: Narrative is a powerful tool for self-discovery Accomplishments Leave Clues… and increase self-esteem Connect with Others -- Networking Develop Your Goals: Goals Prepare us for Change… Goals Yield Purpose Revise, Reflect, Rebalance
Over 50’sePortfolio Emphasis Technologies: Digital Stories, Reflective Journal (blog), Social Networks Reflection for Later Life: Building a Legacy, Generativity, Planning for a Meaningful Life beyond Work
Some Basic Concepts “ePortfoliois both process and product” Process: A series of events (time and effort) to produce a result- From Old French proces(“‘journey’”) Product: the outcome/results or “thinginess” of an activity/process- Destination Wiktionary
Types of ePortfolio Implementation Working Portfolio The Collection The Digital Archive Repository of Artifacts Reflective Journal(eDOL) Collaboration Space Portfolio as Process-- Workspace (PLE)“shoebox” Presentation Portfolio(s) The “Story” or Narrative Multiple Views (public/private) Varied Audiences(varied permissions) Varied Purposes Portfolio as Product-- Showcase
Structure of E-Portfolio Types Portfolio as Process/ Workspace Organization: Chronological – eDOL(Electronic Documentation of Learning – U. of Calgary) Documenting growth over time for both internal and external audiences Primary Purpose: Learning or Reflection Reflection: immediate focus on artifact or learning experience Portfolio as Product/ Showcase Organization: Thematic – Documenting achievement of Standards, Goals or Learning Outcomes for primarily external audiences Primary Purpose: Accountability or Employment Reflection: retrospective focus on Standards, Goals or Learning Outcomes (Themes)
What is the best tool? Do you need an all-in-one system or multiple tools?
Less abouttellingMore about talking! - Julie Hughes, University of Wolverhampton Take advantage of Web 2.0 strategies in ePortfolio development
electronicportfolios.org/categories.html Web 2.0
Why Web 2.0 for e-portfolios? Access from Anywhere! Interactivity! Engagement! Lifelong Skills! Mostly FREE!
Web 2.0 Technologies Advantages Free, often open-source tools on the WWW “Me Publishing (blog and wiki) Shared Writing (GoogleDocs) Web Publishing(Google Sites) Disadvantages May require higher technology competency Mostly not secure websites “Small Pieces, Loosely Joined”
All you need is… an <Embed> Code! Hall Davidson
Blogs Advantages Quickly, easily create a learning journal, documenting growth over time with entries that are date-stamped. WordPress allows additional pages and sub-pages. Interactivity is maintained through RSS feeds and Comments that can be added. WordPress file limit 3 GB! WordPress blogs can be password-protected (as well as individual entries). Disadvantages Prescribed order (reverse-chronological) of entries. Does not allow organizing attached files into folders. Limited attachments in Blogger. Blogger does not allow passwords, often blocked in schools
Wikis Advantages Free (for education) online system. Wikispaces allows 2 GB online storage (PBWiki limits 50 MB). Page can be edited by approved members. Discussion link on top of every page. Saves draft pages and keeps versions. Allows embedding media and building tables on pages. Disadvantages Set up own system for managing the feedback on student work. Does not allow organizing files into folders. Archived version does not save navigation menu.
GoogleDocs Advantages Documents, presentations or spreadsheets can be edited Maintains a record of all revisions, with identity of author. Interactivity is maintained through comments and co-authoring. Easily embed presentations into blog. Convert all documents to Microsoft Office or OpenOffice or PDF. Disadvantages Set up own system for managing the feedback on student work. Requires full time high speed Internet access. No attachments, only hyperlinks to documents.
Google Pages NOW Google Sites Advantages Free website builder Easy-to-use Flexibility and creativity in portfolio authoring. Helps students build technology skills. Automatically store pages online. 100 MB limit on uploaded attachments Disadvantages No Interactivity Set up own system for managing the feedback on student work. More of a web page builder than a portfolio program.
Public Google Tools vs. GoogleApps for Education? Public Google Tools (Gmail account) Student owns the account for life (must be over 13) Student has complete control of access FREE for anyone No uploading to Google Video (must use YouTube to embed videos) Start immediately Google Apps for Education Protected environment (school assigns account) School can control access (limit to members) FREE for education Limited use of Google Video (2 GB) Need some advanced set-up time http://sites.google.com/site/colettecassinelli/proscons
Move beyond text-only artifacts Encourage development of multimedia artifacts Introduce alternative strategies for reflection Digital storytelling (audio & video) Blogging (including Twitter)
Do Your e-Portfolios have VOICE? Individual Identity Reflection Meaning Making 21st Century Literacy “When words are infused by the human voice, they come alive.” - Maya Angelou
Wordle.net This following Word Cloud was created collaboratively by educators around the world, who contributed keywords that came to their mind when thinking about Digital Storytelling. Words that appear larger were used by more contributors. http://langwitches.org/blog/2008/07/27/digital-storytelling-part-ix-wordle/
New Google Sitesinvitation for collaborators Reflection for Learninghttp://sites.google.com/site/reflection4learning ePortfolio Survey Instrumentshttp://sites.google.com/site/eportfoliosurveys Assessment for Learninghttp://sites.google.com/site/assessment4learning CIC Websites due in the fall: Multimedia Records of Practice, Electronic Portfolios & Digital Storytelling
Google Groups to Join Researching Web2.0 Portfolioshttp://groups.google.com/group/web2eportfolios Using Google Apps for ePortfolios in K-12 Educationhttp://groups.google.com/group/k12eportfolios What is Web 2.0? (online course)http://groups.google.com/group/what-is-web-2-0
Invitation to Collaborate Help me write a book for ISTE on Interactive Portfolios for Learning Need K-12 teachers familiar with portfolios and comfortable with technology Use primarily Web 2.0 tools (blog, wiki, GoogleApps) Send me an email
My Final Wish… May all yourelectronic portfoliosbecome dynamic celebrationsandstories of deep learningacross the lifespan.
Dr. Helen Barrett Researcher & ConsultantElectronic Portfolios & Digital Storytelling for Lifelong and Life Wide Learning firstname.lastname@example.org http://electronicportfolios.org/