Portfolios in Formal Education: Exploring Personal and Professional IdentityBuilding a Professional Online Brand.
How is social networking impacting ePortfolio development? It is having a huge impact on our social and political world!Social networks have emerged over the last five years, and are used by individuals and groups to store documents and share experiences, showcase accomplishments, communicate and collaborate with friends and family, and, in some cases, facilitate employment searches.[Erin’s story – Messiah – feedback immediate.]
The boundaries are blurring between eportfolios and social networks. As we consider the potential of lifelong e-portfolios, will they resemble the structured accountability systems that are currently being implemented in many educational institutions? Or are we beginning to see lifelong interactive portfolios emerging as… mash-ups in the Web 2.0 cloud, using Blogs or wikis or Twitter, Facebook or Ning, Flickr or Picasa or YouTube, etc.?
So I’d like you to think: What are the engagement factors that drive the use of social networks and how can we incorporate those factors into ePortfolios?
How do portfolios and reflection fit into the learning process?BEFORE - goal-setting (reflection in the future tense), DURING - immediate reflection (in the present tense), where students write (or dictate) the reason why they chose a specific artifact to include in their collectionAFTER - retrospective (in the past tense) where students look back over a collection of work and describe what they have learned and how they have changed over a period of time (in a Level 3 portfolio)
In his newest book still to be released, called From Brain to Mind: Using Neuroscience to Guide Change in Education, coming out in May
Who knows what this means?
Success in the knowledge economy comes to those who know themselves – their strengths, their values, and how best they perform.
How do we implement ePortfolios in a manner that engages students and helps achieve the purposes?
Collection -- Creating the Digital Archive (regularly – weekly/monthly)Digital Conversion (Collection)Artifacts represent integration of technology in one curriculum area (i.e., Language Arts) Stored in GoogleDocs
Level 2Collection/Reflection (Immediate Reflection on Learning & Artifacts in Collection) (regularly) organized chronologically (in a blog?)Captions (Background Information on assignment, Response)Artifacts represent integration of technology in most curriculum areas (i.e., Language Arts, Social Studies, Science, Math) (in GoogleDocs?)
Level 3Selection/Reflection and Direction (each semester? End of year?) organized thematically (in web pages or wiki)Why did I choose these pieces? What am I most proud to highlight about my work?What do they show about my learning? What more can I learn (Goals for the Future)?Presentation (annually)
Common Tools vs. Proprietary systems
We have witnessed a revolution in mobile computing this year with the iPad. But most of the world has plain mobile phone.
Look at the way that technology supports those processes: digitizing/archiving, hyper-linking/embedding, storytelling, collaborating, publishing, aggregating. We need to help students develop lifelong skills that will last after they graduate. If students are using "world ware" (tools in use it the world) then they are developing skills that can be applied in the "real world" outside of formal education. We should also look at how students are naturally using technology in their lives: social networking, mobile communications, capturing and storing images, audio and video, etc. We could build on the tools that students are already using... and look at the intrinsic motivation factors that drive the use of social networking, and apply those factors to the ePortfolio environment: autonomy, mastery and purpose (thanks to Dan Pink's book, Drive). We are looking at a future that is well integrated with mobile devices.
I’m not convinced that deep reflection can be represented in 140-160 characters of a tweet or SMS message. But this format can be an effective way to document process over time --to capture the moment-- and can later be aggregated and analyzed for deeper understanding. As a current example, the tweets that were coming out of Egypt prior to February 11 told a very compelling story of the revolution as it was happening (as curated and retweeted by PBS’s Andy Carvin [@acarvin] - an incredible service!). We have seen the power of digital media in social change; it can also be part of individual transformation through understanding oneself and showcasing achievements in reflective portfolios. “tiny bursts of learning”: http://chrisbetcher.com/2011/04/1483/
Grade 3-5 classroom in Portland using Evernote. Scanner wirelessly emails documents to each student’s Evernote account. Use of tags, software recognizes text in scanned docs.
- at specific points in the learning process, a learner may put together a presentation of their learning outcomes for an audience, either real or virtual
BUT! “Portfolios should be less about tellingand more about talking!” Julie Hughes, University of WolverhamptonLearning is a Conversation. (Chris Betcher)
Do your e-portfolios have Voice? As Maya Angelou said, “When words are infused by the human voice, they come alive.”Do your portfolios represent individual identity, include reflection, and provide an opportunity to make meaning? ePortfolios are essential for 21st Century Literacy.
In TELL ME A STORY, Schank argues that storytelling is at the heart of intelligence. We think of storytelling primarily as entertainment, secondarily as a form of art, yet it also—and perhaps more fundamentally—has a cognitive function:
Using the computing power we carry in our pockets can dramatically enhance student engagement in documenting and showcasing their own learning. And with other tablets emerging in the market, we have many opportunities for research and implementation.
Hands-on mPortfolio Development with iOS devices (iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad)University of Alaska Anchorage (retired) Seattle Pacific University (adjunct) Dr. Helen Barrett New England College (adjunct) electronicportfolios.orgInternational Researcher & Consultant Twitter: @eportfolios Founder, REAL ePortfolio Academy Slideshare.net/eportfolios
Workshop Objectives: You will…• be introduced to developmental levels of ePortfolio development: – Level 1. portfolio as storage (collection of artifacts) – Level 2. portfolio as workspace (collection plus reflection/metacognition, organized chronologically) – Level 3. portfolio as showcase (selection, summative reflection and presentation, organized thematically--by outcomes/goals/standards)• see how mobile devices can be used at different levels: – Level 1. Create and upload text, images, audio, video – Level 2. Use blogging apps for reflection and feedback (formative assessment) – Level 3. Edit online portfolio for showcase/summative assessment
Key Concepts in Workshop • Context & Definitions (What?) • Purpose (Why?) – Reflection – Identity Development – Online Branding • Mobile Apps (How?) • Digital Storytelling • Q&A
Model the process in this workshop Use one of the downloaded appson your mobile device throughout the workshop to reflect & take notes Twitter hashtag: #mportfolios
National Educational Technology Plan (2010)• Technology also gives students opportunities for taking ownership of their learning. Student-managed electronic learning portfolios can be part of a persistent learning record and help students develop the self-awareness required to set their own learning goals, express their own views of their strengths, weaknesses, and achievements, and take responsibility for them. Educators can use them to gauge students’ development, and they also can be shared with peers, parents, and others who are part of students’ extended network. (p.12)
WHAT ARE INTERACTIVE PORTFOLIOS?Portfolios using Web 2.0 tools to:• reflect on learning in multiple formats• showcase work online to multiple audiences• dialogue about learning artifacts/reflections• provide feedback to improve learning
Balanced?Student-Centered School-Centered • Focus on Interests, • Focus on Standards, Passions, Goals Outcomes • Choice and Voice • Accountability, Reflection Achievement • Lifelong Learning • Term, Graduation
What is a Portfolio?• Dictionary definition: a flat, portable case for carrying loose papers, drawings, etc.• Financial portfolio: document accumulation of fiscal capital• Educational portfolio: document development of human capital
What is a Portfolio in Education?A portfolio is a purposeful collection of [academic] work that exhibits the learner’s efforts, progress and achievements in one or more areas [over time]. (Northwest Evaluation Association, 1990)
+Electronic• digital artifacts organized online combining various media (audio/video/text/images)
Process/Product ePortfoliois both process and product” Process: A series of events (time and effort) to produce a result - From Old French proces Journey Product: the outcome/results or “thinginess” of an activity/process Destination Wiktionary
Discuss!What are theEngagementFactors in Socialnetworks?How can webuild thosefactors intoePortfolios?
E-Portfolio Components < Multiple Portfolios for Multiple Purposes -Celebrating Learning -Personal Planning -Transition/entry to courses -Employment applications -Accountability/Assessment < Multiple Tools to Support Processes -Capturing & storing evidence -Reflecting -Giving & receiving feedback -Planning & setting goals -Collaborating -Presenting to an audience < Digital Repository(Becta, 2007; JISC, 2008)
Self-Regulated LearningAbrami, P., et. al. (2008), Encouraging self-regulated learning through electronic portfolios. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, V34(3) Fall 2008. http://www.cjlt.ca/index.php/cjlt/article/viewArticle/507/238 blog website
Multiple Purposes from Hidden Assumptions What are yours? • Showcase • Assessment • Learning •http://www.rsc-northwest.ac.uk/acl/eMagArchive/RSCeMag2008/choosing%20an%20eportfolio/cool-cartoon- 346082.png
Purpose • The overarching purpose of portfolios is to create a sense of personal ownership over one’s accomplishments, because ownership engenders feelings of pride, responsibility, and dedication. (p.10) • Paris, S & Ayres, L. (1994) Becoming Reflective Students and Teachers. American Psychological Association
Deep Learning • involves reflection, • is developmental, • is integrative, • is self-directive, and • is lifelong Cambridge (2004)
“metacognition lies at the root of all learning”“…self-knowledge, awareness of how and whywe think as we do, and the ability to adapt and learn, are critical to our survival as individuals…”- James Zull (2011) From Brain to Mind: Using Neuroscience to Guide Change in Education
Managing Oneself Peter Drucker, (2005) Harvard Business Review• “Success in the knowledge • What are my strengths? economy comes to those • How do I perform? who know themselves – • What are my values? their strengths, their values, and how best they • Where do I belong? perform.” • What should I contribute?• Purpose: Use ePortfolios for • Responsibility for managing knowledge Relationships workers career • The Second Half of your development Life
Experiential Learning Model Lewin/Kolb with adaptations by Moon and ZullPractice Have an experienceTry out what youhave learned Reflect on the experience Metacognition Learn from the experience
Google Docs • Open Google Docs Documents using Google App/Safari • Start a document exploring your vision for ePortfolio development • (No collaboration in docs.google.com/m/)
Balancing the Two Faces of E-PortfoliosWorking Portfolio Presentation Portfolio(s)Digital Archive The “Story” or Narrative (Repository of Artifacts) Multiple ViewsCollaboration Space (public/private)Reflective Journal Varied Audiences & PurposesPortfolio as Process Portfolio as ProductWorkspace Showcase
Structure of E-Portfolio Types• Portfolio as Process/ • Portfolio as Product/ Workspace Showcase – Organization: – Organization: Chronological – Thematic – Documenting Documenting growth over achievement of Standards, Goals time for both internal and or Learning Outcomes for external audiences primarily external audiences – Primary Purpose: – Primary Purpose: Learning or Reflection Accountability or Employment or Showcaseblog website – Reflection: immediate – Reflection: retrospective focus on artifact or learning focus on Standards, Goals or experience Learning Outcomes (Themes)
2011 Horizon Report – K-12Time-to-adoption:• One Year or Less – Cloud Computing – Mobiles• Two to Three Years – Game-Based Learning – Open Content• Four to Five Years – Learning Analytics – Personal Learning Environments New Media Consortium http://www.nmc.org/
Mobile Touch:A Guide to Implementing Mobile E-learning in Your Organisation
Capture the Moment with Mobile Phones • SMS messages • Camera – Twitter posts – Still – Facebook updates – video
Why Mobile is a Must• Kids today are captivated by the personalization and socialization of online tools--the ability to build large networks of friends; share their thoughts, feelings, and goals; and communicate as they wish. …And not only is it possible, its possible anytime and anywhere, via a plethora of devices and widely available cellular and WiFi networks.• The upshot is, these digital natives now have in their hands the tools to shape their own education in once unimagined ways. They have the ability to interact with other learners at their convenience, with differences in time and place presenting no hurdle. They can research, on the spot, any topic of interest. And they can capture the moment, whether its in a picture, a video, or a blog entry. • -- Mary McCaffrey “Why Mobile is a Must” T.H.E. Journal http://thejournal.com/articles/2011/02/08/why-mobile-is-a-must.aspx
Posted on ePortfolio Conversations Google Group:• Question: How to collect evidence of informal learning rather than formal education.• Response: "Start with SMS [on mobile phones] - it’s the morse code of the present generation... and it works.”
What functions can be achieved with mobile phones for each of these processes?• Capturing & storing evidence - this evidence of learning can be in the form of text, images, audio or video• Reflecting - “the heart and soul of a portfolio” - this reflection could be captured in real time in different formats: writing, voice capture (and voice-to-text conversion), video capture and digital stories• Giving & receiving feedback - one of the most effective uses of a portfolio is to review a learner’s work and providing feedback for improvement• Planning & setting goals - a very important part of the portfolio process is personal development planning and setting goals for achievement• Collaborating - learning is a social activity - technology provides new forms of collaboration• Presenting to an audience - at specific points in the learning process, a learner may put together a presentation of their learning outcomes for an audience, either real or virtual
October 11, 2010http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/education/ct-met-cell-phones-in-class-20101011,0,1580981.sto
Mobile Web is becoming the Personal Learning Environment of the “Net Generation”Learning that is…oSocial and ParticipatoryoLifelong and Life WideoIncreasingly Self-DirectedoMotivating and Engagingo… and Online all the time!
With iOS(iPod Touch,iPhone, iPad) TextImages Audio CAPTURE THE Video MOMENT
Speak-to-Tweet• SayNow.co m bought by Google, January 25, 2011
Twittermicro-blogging“tiny bursts of learning”
EDMODO.COMa private social network for education• Set up groups with students:• Has apps for iOS and Android• Use like Twitter (add tags)• Looks like Facebook
Integrate file storagewith computer andwebsiteHyperlink to files inPublic folder!
Dropbox AppsPlainText PhotoSync DropVox• Creates plain Uploads • Records audio text file (.txt) pictures to a (.m4a) and and saves variety of sends it directly to websites, includi directly to Dropbox account. Can ng your Dropbox create folders. Facebook, Flickr account , Dropbox.
Dragon Dictation• Voice recognition• Share in many ways
MobileNoteriPhone&iPad Apps syncs with OneNote Free!
JotNot Scanner Pro ($.99) • Scan Multi- page• Send the image documents directly via email • Remove or upload it to cloud storage Shadows & services including Noise Evernote, Box.net, Dropbox, or • Save as PDF Google Docs. (not • Email, Fax and with free version) Share your Scans
AudioBoo.fm• a mobile & web platform that effortlessly allows you to record and upload audio for your friends, family or the rest of the world to hear.• Also Google Voice
Post to from Mobile Phones• Send email to pre-arranged email address• Use BlogPressiOS app ($2.99)• Set up Blogger Mobile and send SMS
Blogging* by eMail *the act of sharing yourselfTumblr Posterous• Set up account on website • Just email to• Send email to: email@example.com myaccount.tumblr.com • iPhone App• iPhone App • Cross-post to Facebook&• Call in your posts for audio Twitter post to blog• Cross-post to Facebook& Twitter
Evernote One Account, Many Devices • Capture Anything • Access Anywhere • Find Things Fast • Capture something in one place -- access it from another • Web page accessEmailing your memoriesEmail notes, snapshots, and audio directly into your account.Emailed notes will go directly into your default notebook.
Evernote• All in one recording/saving to Evernote Account (email address)• Grades 3-5, Trillium Charter School, Portland (see my blog) iPod Touch4 $239 & Lexmark Pinnacle Pro901 $199
Case Study: Grades 3-5Trillium Charter School, Portland, ORhttp://blog.helenbarrett.org/2011/06/evernote-for-intermediate-portfolios.htmliPod Touch 4
Hands-OnExplore a fewtools toaddress yourportfoliopurpose &process
Mobile Phone Appsfor ePortfolios U.K. Metacognitives Mahara PortfolioUP (more tools under development in U Minnesota Duluth OSPI N.Z)
Presenting to an AudienceMobile Phones Smart Phones• NO (presentations require • Some apps are available to special tools) create presentations and project with appropriate cable to projector (iPad)
Learning is a Conversation! E-portfolios should be more Conversation than Presentation Because Conversation transforms!
Help students findtheir Purpose and Passion through Reflection & Goal-Setting in E-Portfolio Development
Digital Toolsfor ReflectionReflective Journal (Blog)Digital Storytelling and Engagement
Do Your e-Portfolios have CHOICE and VOICE?• Individual Identity• Reflection• Meaning Making• 21st Century Literacy• Digital Story of Deep Learning
Voice 6+1 Trait® DefinitionVoice is the writer coming through the words, the sense that a real person is speaking to us and cares about the message. It is the heart and soul of the writing, the magic, the wit, the feeling, the life and breath. When the writer is engaged personally with the topic, he/she imparts a personal tone and flavor to the piece that is unmistakably his/hers alone. And it is that individual something–different from the mark of all other writers–that we call Voice.http://educationnorthwest.org/resource/503#Voice
Portfolio as Story"A portfolio tells a story.It is the story of knowing. Knowingabout things... Knowing oneself...Knowing an audience... Portfolios arestudents own stories of what theyknow, why they believe they knowit, and why others should be of thesame opinion.”(Paulson & Paulson, 1991, p.2)
Roger Schank, Tell Me a Story“Telling stories and listening to otherpeoples stories shape the memories we have of our experiences.”Stories help us organize our experience and define our sense of ourselves.
Digital Storytelling Process• Create a 2-to-4 minute digital video clip – First person narrative [begins with a written script ~ 400 words] – Told in their own voice [record script] – Illustrated (mostly) by still images – Music track to add emotional tone
Video Editing on iOS iMovie $4.99 ReelDirector $3.99 Splice $1.99 Free
Lucy the Cat (created with StoryRobe)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_E1VpczjEaU
A Reminder…Reflection & Relationships… the “Heart and Soul” of an e- portfolio… NOT the Technology! 88
ReflectWhat are your “AHA”moments in thisworkshop?What do you want toexplore further?What are your nextsteps? Tag: Feedback or Goals
*Reflection REAL*Engagement ePortfolioAssessment for Academy for K-12Learning Teachers
Dual Skill Development Portfolio SkillsStudents Teacher/Faculty/Ment• Collecting/ or Digitizing • Pedagogy – Facilitate portfolio• Selecting/ processes Organizing • Role of Reflection• Reflecting • Assessment/• Goal-Setting Feedback• Presenting • Model own Portfolio Learning+ Technology Skills
Initial Online Courses Planned1. Overview of Student-Centered Electronic Portfolios in K- 12 Education (tool-neutral – focus on “Portfolio” Reflection Process & Feedback)2. Supplemental courses: – Implement Electronic Portfolios with K-12 Students using Google Apps (Docs, Sites, Blogger, YouTube, Picasa, Digication, Teacher Dashboard) (Focus on “Electronic”) – Implement Electronic Portfolios with K-12 Students using Mobile Devices (iOS, Android) – Create Your Professional Portfolio (tool neutral)3. Add Voice to ePortfolios with Digital Storytelling
My Final Wish…• dynamic celebrations• stories of deep learning• across the lifespan
DR. HELEN BARRETT@EPORTFOLIOSResearcher & ConsultantElectronic Portfolios & Digital Storytelling for Lifelong and Life Wide LearningFounder, REAL*ePortfolio Academy for K-12 Teachers*Reflection, Engagement, Assessment for Learningeportfolios@gmail.comhttp://electronicportfolios.org/http://slideshare.net/eportfolios