Balancing the Two Faces of E-Portfolios Dr. Helen Barrett University of Alaska Anchorage (retired) Seattle Pacific University (adjunct) New England College (adjunct) International Researcher & Consultant Founder, REAL ePortfolio Academy Electronic Portfolios and Digital Storytelling for Lifelong and Life Wide Learning
Key Concepts Definitions Portfolios for Lifelong Learning Balancing the 2 Faces of E-Portfolios Identity Development Online Professional Branding Reflection, Motivation & Engagement Digital Storytelling and Reflection
Legacy from the Portfolio Literature
Much to learn fromthe literature onpaper-based portfolios
As adult learners, we have much to learn from how children approach portfolios
“Everything I know about portfolios was confirmed working with a kindergartener”
The Power of Portfolios what children can teach us about learning and assessment Author: Elizabeth Hebert Publisher: Jossey-Bass Picture courtesy of Amazon.com
The Power of Portfolios Author: Dr. Elizabeth Hebert, Principal Crow Island School, Winnetka, Illinois Picture taken by Helen Barrett at AERA, Seattle, April, 2001
From the Preface (1) Hebert, Elizabeth (2001) The Power of Portfolios. Jossey-Bass, p.ix “Portfolios have been with us for a very long time. Those of us who grew up in the 1950s or earlier recognize portfolios as reincarnations of the large memory boxes or drawers where our parents collected starred spelling tests, lacy valentines, science fair posters, early attempts at poetry, and (of course) the obligatory set of plaster hands. Each item was selected by our parents because it represented our acquisition of a new skill or our feelings of accomplishment. Perhaps an entry was accompanied by a special notation of praise from a teacher or maybe it was placed in the box just because we did it.”
From the Preface (2) Hebert, Elizabeth (2001) The Power of Portfolios. Jossey-Bass, p.ix “We formed part of our identity from the contents of these memory boxes. We recognized each piece and its association with a particular time or experience. We shared these collections with grandparents to reinforce feelings of pride and we reexamined them on rainy days when friends were unavailable for play. Reflecting on the collection allowed us to attribute importance to these artifacts, and by extension to ourselves, as they gave witness to the story of our early school experiences.”
From the Preface (3) Hebert, Elizabeth (2001) The Power of Portfolios. Jossey-Bass, p.ix-x “Our parents couldn’t possibly envision that these memory boxes would be the inspiration for an innovative way of thinking about children’s learning. These collections, lovingly stored away on our behalf, are the genuine exemplar for documenting children’s learning over time. But now these memory boxes have a different meaning. It’s not purely private or personal, although the personal is what gives power to what they can mean.”
Let’s get personal…Think for a minute about: Something about your COLLECTIONS:Suggested topics:
If you are a parent, what you saved for your children
What your parents saved for you
What you collect…
Why you collect…
Some issues to consider
What do your collections say about what you value?
Is there a difference between what you purposefully save and what you can’t throw away?
How can we use our personal collections experiences to help learners as they develop their portfolios?
The power of portfolios [to support deep learning] is personal.
Golden Circle What? How? Why? 11
Audio • Video • Text • Images WHAT? Digital Repository Electronic Portfolio Showcase Workspace
Responsibilities Specialty Case Portfolio One Word, Many Meanings Workspace Showcase Investments Art Work Collection of Artifacts
Who was the first famous “folio” keeper? Definitions
Leonardo da Vinci’s Folio
What is a Portfolio? Dictionary definition: a flat, portable case for carrying loose papers, drawings, etc. Financial portfolio: document accumulation of fiscal capital Educational portfolio: document development of human capital
What is a Portfolio in Education? A portfolio is a purposeful collection of [academic] work that exhibits the [learner/worker’s] efforts, progress and achievements in one or more areas[over time]. (Northwest Evaluation Association, 1990)
+Electronic digital artifacts organized online combining various media (audio/video/text/images)
Multiple Portfolios for Multiple Purposes-Celebrating Learning-Personal Planning-Transition/entry to courses-Employment applications-Accountability/Assessment
Multiple Tools to Support Processes-Capturing & storing evidence-Reflecting-Giving & receiving feedback-Planning & setting goals-Collaborating-Presenting to an audience
Multiple Purposes from Hidden Assumptions What are yours? • Showcase • Assessment • Learning • http://www.rsc-northwest.ac.uk/acl/eMagArchive/RSCeMag2008/choosing%20an%20eportfolio/cool-cartoon-346082.png
Purpose The overarching purpose of portfolios is to create a sense of personal ownership over one’s accomplishments, because ownership engenders feelings of pride, responsibility, and dedication. (p.10) Paris, S & Ayres, L. (1994) Becoming Reflective Students and Teachers. American Psychological Association
Deep Learning involves reflection, is developmental, is integrative, is self-directive, and is lifelong Cambridge (2004)
“metacognition lies at the root of all learning” “…self-knowledge, awareness of how and why we think as we do, and the ability to adapt and learn, are critical to our survival as individuals…” - James Zull (2011) From Brain to Mind: Using Neuroscience to Guide Change in Education
“Know Thyself” Temple at Delphi
Managing Oneself Peter Drucker, (2005) Harvard Business Review “Success in the knowledge economy comes to those who know themselves – their strengths, their values, and how best they perform.” Purpose: Use ePortfolios for managing knowledge workers' career development What are my strengths? How do I perform? What are my values? Where do I belong? What should I contribute? Responsibility for Relationships The Second Half of your Life
Experiential Learning ModelLewin/Kolb with adaptations by Moon and Zull Practice Have an experience Reflect on the experience Try out what you have learned Metacognition Learn from the experience
Some Basic Concepts
“ePortfoliois both process and product”
Process: A series of events (time and effort) to produce a result- From Old French proces(“‘journey’”)
Product: the outcome/results or “thinginess” of an activity/process- Destination
Balancing the Two Faces of E-Portfolios Presentation Portfolio(s) Working Portfolio The “Story” or Narrative Multiple Views (public/private) Varied Audiences & Purposes Portfolio as Product Showcase Digital Archive (Repository of Artifacts) Collaboration Space Reflective Journal Portfolio as Process Workspace
Structure of E-Portfolio Types Portfolio as Process/ Workspace Organization: Chronological – Documenting growth over time for both internal and external audiences Primary Purpose: Learning or Reflection Reflection: immediate focus on artifact or learning experience Portfolio as Product/ Showcase Organization: Thematic – Documenting achievement of Standards, Goals or Learning Outcomes for primarily external audiences Primary Purpose: Accountability or Employment or Showcase Reflection: retrospective focus on Standards, Goals or Learning Outcomes (Themes) blog wiki
Portfolios can help learners find their Voice… and explore their Purpose and Passions through Choice!
HOW? “Telling My Story” Digital Storytelling Reflective Journal Blogging “Capture the Moment” Mobiles E-Portfolios in Evidence Multimedia Artifacts
Tools? Expressive vs. Structured Models
2011 Horizon Report – K-12 Time-to-adoption: One Year or Less Cloud Computing Mobiles Two to Three Years Game-Based Learning Open Content Four to Five Years Learning Analytics Personal Learning Environments New Media Consortium http://www.nmc.org/
Mobile Touch: A Guide to Implementing Mobile E-learning in Your Organisation
Why Mobile is a Must Kids today are captivated by the personalization and socialization of online tools--the ability to build large networks of friends; share their thoughts, feelings, and goals; and communicate as they wish. …And not only is it possible, it's possible anytime and anywhere, via a plethora of devices and widely available cellular and WiFi networks. The upshot is, these digital natives now have in their hands the tools to shape their own education in once unimagined ways. They have the ability to interact with other learners at their convenience, with differences in time and place presenting no hurdle. They can research, on the spot, any topic of interest. And they can capture the moment, whether it's in a picture, a video, or a blog entry. -- Mary McCaffrey “Why Mobile is a Must” T.H.E. Journal http://thejournal.com/articles/2011/02/08/why-mobile-is-a-must.aspx
Posted on ePortfolio Conversations Google Group: Question: How to collect evidence of informal learning rather than formal education. Response: "Start with SMS [on mobile phones] - it’s the morse codeof the presentgeneration...and it works.”
Capture the Moment with Mobile Phones SMS messages Twitter posts Facebookupdates Camera Still video
October 11, 2010 http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/education/ct-met-cell-phones-in-class-20101011,0,1580981.story
XO-3 One Laptop per Child Available ~2012 ~$75 Android-based tablet
Mobile Web is becoming the Personal Learning Environment of the “Net Generation” Learning that is…
Social and Participatory
Lifelong and Life Wide
Motivating and Engaging
… and Online all the time!
Think! Engagement Factors? Social networks? ePortfolios?
With iOS (iPod Touch, iPhone, iPad) Text Images Audio Video Capture the Moment
Integrate file storage with computer and website Hyperlink to files in Public folder!
Dragon Dictation Voice recognition Share in many ways
JotNot Scanner Pro ($.99) Scan Multi-page documents Remove Shadows & Noise Save as PDF Email, Fax and Share your Scans Send the image directly via email or upload it to cloud storage services including Evernote, Box.net, Dropbox, or Google Docs. (not with free version)
Reflection with WordPress App
Post to from Mobile Phones Send email to pre-arranged email address Use BlogPressiOS app ($2.99) Set up Blogger Mobile and send SMS
Blogging* by eMail*the act of sharing yourself Tumblr Posterous Set up account on website Send email to: myaccount.tumblr.com iPhone App Call in your posts for audio post to blog Cross-post to Facebook & Twitter Just email to firstname.lastname@example.org iPhone App Cross-post to Facebook & Twitter
EvernoteOne Account, Many Devices Capture Anything Access Anywhere Find Things Fast Capture something in one place -- access it from another Web page access Emailing your memories Email notes, snapshots, and audio directly into your account. Emailed notes will go directly into your default notebook.
Evernote All in one recording/saving to Evernote Account (email address) Grades 3-5, Trillium Charter School, Portland (my blog) iPod Touch4 $239 & Lexmark Pinnacle Pro901 $199
Learning is a Conversation! E-portfolios should be more Conversation than Presentation Because Conversation transforms!
Twittermicro-blogging “tiny bursts of learning”
What about Motivation? Why would a student want to put all that work into developing an ePortfolio? How do we make it relevant?
Similarities in Process Major differences: extrinsic vs. intrinsic motivation Elements of True (Intrinsic) Motivation: Autonomy Mastery Purpose
Pink’s Motivation Behavior X Type X - Extrinsic fueled more by extrinsic rewards or desires (Grades?) Type I – Intrinsic Behavior is self-directed. I
Find voice and passions through choice and personalization!
Portfolio as Story
Positive Digital Identity Development - Branding
Help students find their Purpose and Passion through Reflection & Goal-Setting in E-Portfolio Development
Digital Tools for Reflection Reflective Journal (Blog) Digital Storytelling and Engagement
Self-Regulated LearningAbrami, P., et. al. (2008), Encouraging self-regulated learning through electronic portfolios. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, V34(3) Fall 2008. http://www.cjlt.ca/index.php/cjlt/article/viewArticle/507/238 Goals Captions/Journals Change over Time
Do Your e-Portfolios have CHOICE and VOICE? Individual Identity Reflection Meaning Making 21st Century Literacy Digital Story of Deep Learning
Voice6+1 Trait® Definition Voice is the writer coming through the words, the sense that a real person is speaking to us and cares about the message. It is the heart and soul of the writing, the magic, the wit, the feeling, the life and breath. When the writer is engaged personally with the topic, he/she imparts a personal tone and flavor to the piece that is unmistakably his/hers alone. And it is that individual something–different from the mark of all other writers–that we call Voice. http://educationnorthwest.org/resource/503#Voice
Portfolio as Story "A portfolio tells a story. It is the story of knowing. Knowing about things... Knowing oneself... Knowing an audience... Portfolios are students' own stories of what they know, why they believe they know it, and why others should be of the same opinion.” (Paulson & Paulson, 1991, p.2)
Roger Schank, Tell Me a Story “Telling stories and listening to other people's stories shape the memories we have of our experiences.” Stories help us organize our experience and define our sense of ourselves.
Digital Storytelling Process Create a 2-to-4 minute digital video clip First person narrative [begins with a written script ~ 400 words] Told in their own voice [record script] Illustrated (mostly) by still images Music track to add emotional tone
From Mead School District’s Student Portfolio Handbook: Remember, you are telling us a story, and not just any story. Your portfolio is meant to be your story of your life over the last four years as well as the story of where your life might be going during the next four years: tell it with pride!
Video Editing on iOS iMovie $4.99 ReelDirector $3.99 Splice $1.99 Free
Victoria’s Autobio – 2nd Grade
Victoria’s 6th Grade Poem
Trey’s Story – High School
A Reminder… Reflection & Relationships … the “Heart and Soul” of an e-portfolio… NOT the Technology! 84
REAL* ePortfolio Academy for K-12Teachers *Reflection Engagement Assessment for Learning
Initial Online Courses Planned Overview of Student-Centered Electronic Portfolios in K-12 Education (tool-neutral) Implement Electronic Portfolios with K-12 Students using Google Apps (Docs, Sites, Blogger, YouTube, Picasa, Digication, Teacher Dashboard) Add Voice to ePortfolios with Digital Storytelling Create Your Professional Portfolio (tool neutral) Assessment and Evaluation with Electronic Portfolios Classroom-Based Research on Implementing Electronic Portfolios in K-12 Education
Is the Future ofePortfolios in your pocket? ISTE Pre-Conference Workshop Philadelphia June 25, 2011, 12:30-3:30 PM Bring your iOS devices iPod Touch iPhone, iPad
My Final Wish… dynamic celebrations stories of deep learning across the lifespan
Dr. Helen Barrett@eportfolios Researcher & ConsultantElectronic Portfolios & Digital Storytelling for Lifelong and Life Wide Learning Founder, REAL*ePortfolio Academy *Reflection, Engagement, Assessment for Learning email@example.com http://electronicportfolios.org/ http://slideshare.net/eportfolios