Electronic Portfolios have been with us for almost two decades (since 1991) used primarily in education to store documents and reflect on learning, provide feedback for improvement, and showcase achievements for accountability or employment.As defined in a JISC publication, Effective Practices with e-portfolios: The e-portfolio is the central and common point for the student experience… It is a reflection of the student as a person undergoing continuous personal development, not just a store of evidence. (Geoff Rebbeck, e-Learning Coordinator, Thanet College, quoted in JISC, 2008, Effective Practice with e-Portfolios)
How is social networking impacting ePortfolio development? It is having a huge impact on our social and political world!Social networks have emerged over the last five years, and are used by individuals and groups to store documents and share experiences, showcase accomplishments, communicate and collaborate with friends and family, and, in some cases, facilitate employment searches.[Erin’s story – Messiah – feedback immediate.]
The boundaries are blurring between eportfolios and social networks. As we consider the potential of lifelong e-portfolios, will they resemble the structured accountability systems that are currently being implemented in many educational institutions? Or are we beginning to see lifelong interactive portfolios emerging as… mash-ups in the Web 2.0 cloud, using Blogs or wikis or Twitter, Facebook or Ning, Flickr or Picasa or YouTube, etc.?
So I’d like you to think: What are the engagement factors that drive the use of social networks and how can we incorporate those factors into ePortfolios?
Portfolios in Formal Education: Exploring Personal and Professional IdentityBuilding a Professional Online Brand.
Who knows what this means?
Success in the knowledge economy comes to those who know themselves – their strengths, their values, and how best they perform.
In his newest book still to be released, called From Brain to Mind: Using Neuroscience to Guide Change in Education, coming out in May
How do we implement ePortfolios in a manner that engages students and helps achieve the purposes?
We have witnessed a revolution in mobile computing this year with the iPad. But most of the world has plain mobile phone.
Common Tools vs. Proprietary systems
I’m not convinced that deep reflection can be represented in 140-160 characters of a tweet or SMS message. But this format can be an effective way to document process over time --to capture the moment-- and can later be aggregated and analyzed for deeper understanding. As a current example, the tweets that were coming out of Egypt prior to February 11 told a very compelling story of the revolution as it was happening (as curated and retweeted by PBS’s Andy Carvin [@acarvin] - an incredible service!). We have seen the power of digital media in social change; it can also be part of individual transformation through understanding oneself and showcasing achievements in reflective portfolios. “tiny bursts of learning”: http://chrisbetcher.com/2011/04/1483/
Collection -- Creating the Digital Archive (regularly – weekly/monthly)Digital Conversion (Collection)Artifacts represent integration of technology in one curriculum area (i.e., Language Arts) Stored in GoogleDocs
Level 2Collection/Reflection (Immediate Reflection on Learning & Artifacts in Collection) (regularly) organized chronologically (in a blog?)Captions (Background Information on assignment, Response)Artifacts represent integration of technology in most curriculum areas (i.e., Language Arts, Social Studies, Science, Math) (in GoogleDocs?)
Grade 3-5 classroom in Portland using Evernote. Scanner wirelessly emails documents to each student’s Evernote account. Use of tags, software recognizes text in scanned docs.
Level 3Selection/Reflection and Direction (each semester? End of year?) organized thematically (in web pages or wiki)Why did I choose these pieces? What am I most proud to highlight about my work?What do they show about my learning? What more can I learn (Goals for the Future)?Presentation (annually)
BUT! “Portfolios should be less about tellingand more about talking!” Julie Hughes, University of WolverhamptonLearning is a Conversation. (Chris Betcher)
Building your E-Portfolio: Web 2.0 and social networking tools (plus mobiles) Dr. Helen Barrett EIFEL Conference July 11, 2011 electronicportfolios.org/ slideshare.net/eportfolios/ Hashtag: #eportfolios Account: @eportfolios
Key Concepts in Workshop What? Context & Definitions Why? Purpose Reflection Identity Development Online Branding How? Tools Web 2.0 Tools Mobile Devices Q & A
What are Interactive Portfolios? Portfolios using Web 2.0 tools to:
What is a Portfolio? Dictionary definition: a flat, portable case for carrying loose papers, drawings, etc. Financial portfolio: document accumulation of fiscal capital Educational portfolio: document development of human capital
+Electronic digital artifacts organized online combining various media (audio/video/text/images) interactivity/conversation/feedback
Electronic Portfolios almost two decades (since 1991) used primarily in education to store documents reflect on learning feedback for improvement showcase achievements for accountability or employment
Social networks last five years store documents and share experiences, showcase accomplishments, communicate and collaborate facilitate employment searches
Multiple Purposes from Hidden Assumptions What are yours? • Showcase • Assessment • Learning • http://www.rsc-northwest.ac.uk/acl/eMagArchive/RSCeMag2008/choosing%20an%20eportfolio/cool-cartoon-346082.png
Digital Identity Creating a positive digital footprint
Purpose The overarching purpose of portfolios is to create a sense of personal ownership over one’s accomplishments, because ownership engenders feelings of pride, responsibility, and dedication. (p.10) Paris, S & Ayres, L. (1994) Becoming Reflective Students and Teachers. American Psychological Association
Passion and Self-Directed Learning Lisa Nielsen’s “The Innovative Educator” blog entries: Preparing Students for Successby Helping Them Discover and Develop Their Passions (Renzulli’s Total Talent Portfolio) 10 Ways Technology Supports21st Century Learners in Being Self Directed http://theinnovativeeducator.blogspot.com/
Managing Oneself Peter Drucker, (2005) Harvard Business Review “Success in the knowledge economy comes to those who know themselves – their strengths, their values, and how best they perform.” Purpose: Use ePortfolios for managing knowledge workers' career development What are my strengths? How do I perform? What are my values? Where do I belong? What should I contribute? Responsibility for Relationships The Second Half of your Life
Reflection Source: http://peterpappas.blogs.com/copy_paste/2010/01/taxonomy-reflection-critical-thinking-students-teachers-principals-.html Based on Bloom’s Taxonomy (Revised)
Self-Regulated LearningAbrami, P., et. al. (2008), Encouraging self-regulated learning through electronic portfolios. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, V34(3) Fall 2008. http://www.cjlt.ca/index.php/cjlt/article/viewArticle/507/238 Captions/Journals Blog Mobiles Web Sites Blog Pages
Deep Learning involves reflection, is developmental, is integrative, is self-directive, and is lifelong Cambridge (2004)
The Learning CycleDavid Kolb from Dewey, Piaget, Lewin, adapted by Zull
Experiential Learning ModelLewin/Kolb with adaptations by Moon and Zull Practice Have an experience Reflect on the experience Try out what you have learned Metacognition Learn from the experience
“metacognition lies at the root of all learning” “…self-knowledge, awareness of how and why we think as we do, and the ability to adapt and learn, are critical to our survival as individuals…” James Zull (2011) From Brain to Mind:Using Neuroscience to Guide Change in Education (Stylus Publishers)
Action -> Discovery -> Joy Action and Exploration lead to Discovery Discovery leads to Joy “The ultimate outcome of the journey is to understand our own understanding.” (p.15)(metacognition) “Emotional links generate motivation… The brain rewards itself with joy.” (p.17) Zull (2011) From Brain to Mind: Using Neuroscience to Guide Change in Education. Stylus Publishing
HOW? “Telling My Story” Digital Storytelling Reflective Journal Blogging “Capture the Moment” Mobiles E-Portfolios in Evidence Multimedia Artifacts
Balancing the Two Faces of E-Portfolios Presentation Portfolio(s) Working Portfolio Docs Digital Archive (Repository of Artifacts) Collaboration Space Reflective Journal Portfolio as Process Workspace The “Story” or Narrative Multiple Views (public/private) Varied Audiences & Purposes Portfolio as Product Showcase Sites Blog
Structure of E-Portfolio Types Portfolio as Process/ Workspace Organization: Chronological – Documenting growth over time for both internal and external audiences Primary Purpose: Learning or Reflection Reflection: immediate focus on artifact or learning experience Portfolio as Product/ Showcase Organization: Thematic – Documenting achievement of Standards, Goals or Learning Outcomes for primarily external audiences Primary Purpose: Accountability or Employment or Showcase Reflection: retrospective focus on Standards, Goals or Learning Outcomes (Themes) blog website mobiles
Mobile Touch: A Guide to Implementing Mobile E-learning in Your Organisation
Mobile Year in Review 2010 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6mCkbrYKQyI
Capture the Moment with Mobile Phones SMS messages Twitter posts Facebook updates Camera Still video
Why Mobile is a Must Kids today are captivated by the personalization and socialization of online tools--the ability to build large networks of friends; share their thoughts, feelings, and goals; and communicate as they wish. …And not only is it possible, it's possible anytime and anywhere, via a plethora of devices and widely available cellular and WiFi networks. The upshot is, these digital natives now have in their hands the tools to shape their own education in once unimagined ways. They have the ability to interact with other learners at their convenience, with differences in time and place presenting no hurdle. They can research, on the spot, any topic of interest. And they can capture the moment, whether it's in a picture, a video, or a blog entry. -- Mary McCaffrey “Why Mobile is a Must” T.H.E. Journal http://thejournal.com/articles/2011/02/08/why-mobile-is-a-must.aspx
Posted on ePortfolio Conversations Google Group: Question: How to collect evidence of informal learning rather than formal education. Response: "Start with SMS [on mobile phones] - it’s the morse codeof the presentgeneration...and it works.”
What functions can be achieved with mobile phones for each of these processes? Capturing & storing evidence - this evidence of learning can be in the form of text, images, audio or video Reflecting - “the heart and soul of a portfolio” - this reflection could be captured in real time in different formats: writing, voice capture (and voice-to-text conversion), video capture and digital stories Giving & receiving feedback - one of the most effective uses of a portfolio is to review a learner’s work and providing feedback for improvement Planning & setting goals - a very important part of the portfolio process is personal development planning and setting goals for achievement Collaborating - learning is a social activity - technology provides new forms of collaboration Presenting to an audience - at specific points in the learning process, a learner may put together a presentation of their learning outcomes for an audience, either real or virtual
Mobile Web is becoming the Personal Learning Environment of the “Net Generation” Learning that is…
Blogging* by eMail*the act of sharing yourself Tumblr Posterous Set up account on website Send email to: myaccount.tumblr.com iPhone App Call in your posts for audio post to blog Cross-post to Facebook & Twitter Just email to firstname.lastname@example.org iPhone App Cross-post to Facebook & Twitter
Post to from Mobile Phones Send email to pre-arranged email address Use BlogPressiOS app ($2.99) Set up Blogger Mobile and send SMS
EvernoteOne Account, Many Devices Capture Anything Access Anywhere Find Things Fast Capture something in one place -- access it from another Web page access Emailing your memories Email notes, snapshots, and audio directly into your account. Emailed notes will go directly into your default notebook.
Evernote All in one recording/saving to Evernote Account (email address) Grades 3-5, Trillium Charter School, Portland (see my blog) iPod Touch4 $239 & Lexmark Pinnacle Pro901 $199
Case Study: Grades 3-5 Trillium Charter School, Portland, OR http://blog.helenbarrett.org/2011/06/evernote-for-intermediate-portfolios.html iPod Touch 4
Student examples Hunter Park Kindergarten & Abigail's E-Profile (NZ) – Blogger Kim Cofino’s 6th graders (Japan) - Blogger Pt. England School (NZ) - Blogger Ryan’s Senior Project (US) – Google Sites My Google Sites Presentation Portfolio
REAL* ePortfolio Academy for K-12Teachers *Reflection Engagement Assessment for Learning
Initial Online Courses Planned Overview of Student-Centered Electronic Portfolios in K-12 Education (tool-neutral – focus on “Portfolio” Reflection Process & Feedback) Implement Electronic Portfolios with K-12 Students using Google Apps (Docs, Sites, Blogger, YouTube, Picasa, Digication, Teacher Dashboard) (focus on “Electronic”) Add Voice to E-Portfolios with Digital Storytelling Create Your Professional Portfolio (tool neutral)
My Final Wish… Your e-portfolios become dynamic celebrations & stories of deep learningacross the lifespan. Thank You! 80
Dr. Helen Barrett Researcher & ConsultantElectronic Portfolios & Digital Storytelling for Lifelong and Life Wide Learning Founding FacultyREAL*ePortfolio Academy for K-12 Teachers *Reflection, Engagement, Assessment for Learning email@example.com http://electronicportfolios.org/ Twitter: @eportfolios http://slideshare.net/eportfolios