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Keynote presentation at EIFEL 2010, July 7, 2010.

Keynote presentation at EIFEL 2010, July 7, 2010.

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  • Process of Change
  • Drawn from the literature on Organizational Development
  • What is the readiness level of key stakeholders – both attitude and skill?What change management and project management processes do we need to put in place?
  • Most technology projects include two or more types of change. To support this change, different strategies, targets and tools may be needed, e.g.
  • The ePortfolio Community needs to pay attention to the OD Community: those professional who understand and facilitate Change.
  • Is this happening in your institution?
  • There are two skills that are needed across the lifespan with both ePortfolio Development and social networking: Technology and Reflection.
  • The boundaries are blurring between eportfolios and social networks. As we consider the potential of lifelong e-portfolios, will they resemble the structured accountability systems that are currently being implemented in many educational institutions? Or are we beginning to see lifelong interactive portfolios emerging as… mash-ups in the Web 2.0 cloud, using Blogs or wikis or Twitter,Facebook or Ning,Flickr or Picasa or YouTube, etc.?
  • Reflection = higher retention (SPU’s iTunesU videos)
  • Oregon in April, Colorado & Iowa yesterday.
  • iTunes U broadcast from Seattle University on bPortfolios and Reflective activities
  • Just like Social NetworksRefer to my TEDxASB talk on YouTube
  • There are many similarities between these two processes; the major differences are often in extrinsic vs. intrinsic motivation Dan Pink describes the essential elements of true (intrinsic) motivation in his new book, Drive, the concepts of autonomy, mastery, and purpose.
  • Pink says, “It is devoted to becoming better and better at something that matters. And it connects that quest for excellence to a larger purpose.” (p. 80-81) Pink identifies two types of Motivation Behavior: Type X Extrinsic, fueled by extrinsic rewards or desires. And Type I Intrinsic, where behavior is self-directed. I am on a campaign to make electronic portfolios a more intrinsically-motivated process.
  • Pink quotes Internet scholar Clay Shirky ...the most successful websites and electronic forums have a certain Type I approach [to motivation] in their DNA. They're designed-often explicitly--to tap into intrinsic motivation. You can do the same with your online presences if you listen to Shirky and: Create an environment that makes people feel good about participating.Give users autonomy.Keep the system as open as possible. That’s also good advice for developing ePortfolios.
  • The urge for Self-Direction is basic human need.It is a Natural state to be Active and EngagedePortfolio Implementation should adopt the motivating characteristics of autonomy found in social networksChoiceVoiceSharing and FeedbackImmediacy
  • According to a tweet I read from ChadHamady, True Mastery NOT possible without FUN! (Chad Hamady@chamady Twitter, January 16, 2010)There is an inherent exhilaration in Learning“It’s fun to get better at something!” – Why do we play Sports and Games?Is it for Compliance or Personal MasteryLook to the Open Source movement (popularity of Wikipedia vs. the demise of Microsoft’s Encarta) – Authors and programmers look for Challenge and Improvement – To make a contribution to the greater good
  • In their spare time, people gravitate toward activities where they gain masteryePortfolio Implementation should adopt the motivating characteristics of mastery found in social networksFlow,Showcasing Achievements,Increased self-awareness and self-understanding“Only engagement can produce Mastery.” (Pink, 2009, p.111)
  • Csíkszentmihályi popularized the concept of Flow as a feeling of energized focus. According to Wikipedia, it is a single-minded immersion and represents perhaps the ultimate in harnessing the emotions in the service of performing and learning. In flow the emotions are not just contained and channeled, but positive, energized, and aligned with the task at hand. The hallmark of flow is a feeling of spontaneous joy, even rapture, while performing a task.
  • We should use ePortfolios to document our MASTERY of skills and content. Showcase our Achievements! Share our Expertise!Support Personal & Professional Development!
  • Pink’s third concept is Purpose. All of us want to be part of something larger than ourselvesWhen people learn, they want to know the relevance of what they are learningThe more people understand the big picture, the more they will be engaged
  • Here is a good question:
  • Because Purpose and Passion Co-Exist.
  • Japanese!
  • Catalan
  • Spanish!
  • Mandarin
  • “Portfolios should be less about tellingand more about talking!” Julie Hughes, University of Wolverhampton
  • As I close my presentation, I want remind us that reflection and relationships are the “heart and soul: of a portfolio (and Social Networking) NOT the Technology!

Eifel2010 Eifel2010 Presentation Transcript

  • Challenges for the Education/ePortfolioCommunity:Change!
    Keynote Address, July 7, 2010
    EIFeL Conference
    Dr. Helen Barrett
    http://slideshare.net/eportfolios
  • Interactive ePortfolios
    A book under development
    “Using Web 2.0 to preserve memories, share stories of deep learning, document achievements, and envision the future”
  • Tentative Contents
    Intro -“Why”- Purposes
    Reflection
    Assessment
    Web 2.0 Tools
    Planning & Change
    Balancing 2 Faces
    Lifelong ePortfolios
    Examples & Stories:- ECE & Primary- Middle School- High School- College - Professional
    How-to’s- GoogleApps- WordPress
    Digital Storytelling in ePortfolios
  • Roadmap for Change
    ePortfolios =complexCHANGErequiring a roadmap to:
    Assess need
    Plan
    Implement
    Evaluate
  • Interconnected Systems
  • What Type of Change?
    Developmental Change
    Increasing skills of staff and leadership. Improving the performance of a team or group. Improving the quality of services.
    Transitional Change
    Doing something differently. Dismantling the old way of doing things and putting into place the new, desired state.
    Transformational Change
    A fundamental shift in the way stakeholders views themselves and their world that results in changes in how they operate and interact with others.
  • Roadmap for Leaders
  • Roadmap – pt. 1-2
    Step 1: Prepare for Change
    Build a case for change
    Assess organization readiness for change
    Step 2: Develop a Change Strategy
    Consider different strategies for different types of change
    • Develop a Communications Strategy
  • Change Strategies, Target, Tools
  • Roadmap pt. 3-4
    Step 3: Conduct a Needs Assessment
    Assess Current State
    Determine technical requirements
    Assess staff and other stakeholders’ skills and attitudes
    Conduct a risk analysis
    Step 4: Design Desired State/Outcome
    Confirm the old way is going away
    Assess the impact of the desired change on all aspects of the organization
    Gather and respond to feedback from key stakeholders
    Ensure managerial alignment and commitment to support the new state
  • Roadmap Pt. 5-6
    Step 5: Develop an Implementation Plan
    Build a Project Plan
    Develop a Human Resource Plan
    Develop a Process for Monitoring and Evaluating
    Develop a Communications Plan
    Step 6: Implement the Change
    Implement the project action plan(s)
    Monitor and acknowledge progress toward milestones
    Monitor and manage risks
    Communicate with key stakeholders
  • Roadmap pt. 7-8
    Step 7: Evaluate and Course Correct
    Monitor desired outcomes
    Make course corrections
    Evaluate impact to business, technology and human systems
    Capture “lessons learned” for future efforts
    Establish a process for continuous improvement
    Step 8: Celebrate and Integrate the New State 
    Declare and celebrate completion of the implementation phase
    Acknowledge and reward extra effort and achievements
    Share “lessons learned” with key stakeholders
    Reinforce desired state in performance reviews, policies and procedures
  • 13
    Managing Complex Change graphic
  • Change
    Vision
    Clarity of Multiple Purposes
    Skills
    Portfolio Processes
    Resources
    Time
    Incentives
    Intrinsic Motivation
    Action Plan
  • Confusion
    Vision
  • Golden Circle
    16
    What?
    How?
    Why?
  • Multiple Purposes from Hidden Assumptions
    What are yours?
    • Showcase • Assessment • Learning •
    http://www.rsc-northwest.ac.uk/acl/eMagArchive/RSCeMag2008/choosing%20an%20eportfolio/cool-cartoon-346082.png
  • 1 paragraph!
    What is your “elevator Speech” describing your Vision for ePortfolios?
  • A California School District K-12 Vision
    Electronic portfolios foster meaningful learning by allowing all students to evaluate their growth over time, to share their achievements and strengths with others, and to improve their own skills through reflection and goal setting.
  • One NYC school’s Vision
    An electronic portfolio will allow students to create a collaborative, portable, personal space that fosters self-reflection, promotes academic accomplishments, and highlights individual growth. Through the integration of technology and the collection of digital artifacts, students will be able to showcase their achievements to peers and educators, while helping envision their future goals.
  • Anxiety
    Skills
  • Two Skills across the Lifespan with ePortfolio Development and Social Networking
    Technology & Reflection
  • Boundaries Blurring (between e-portfolios & social networks)
    Structured Accountability Systems? or…
    Lifelong interactive portfolios
    Picasa
    Mash-ups
    Facebook
    Flickr
    blogs
    YouTube
    Ning
    wikis
    Twitter
  • Processes
    Technology
    Archiving
    Linking/Thinking
    Digital Storytelling
    Collaborating
    Publishing
    Portfolio
    Collecting
    Selecting
    Reflecting
    Directing
    Presenting
    Feedback
    Social Networks
    Connecting(“Friending”)
    Listening(Reading)
    Responding(Commenting)
    Sharing(linking/tagging)
  • Dual Skill Development
    Students
    Collection/ Digitizing
    Selection/ Organizing
    Reflecting
    Goal-Setting
    Presentation
    Teacher/Faculty/Mentor
    Pedagogy – Facilitate portfolio processes
    Role of Reflection
    Assessment
    Model own Portfolio Learning
    + Technology Skills
  • Reflection
    Source: http://peterpappas.blogs.com/copy_paste/2010/01/taxonomy-reflection-critical-thinking-students-teachers-principals-.html
    Based on Bloom’s Taxanomy (Revised)
  • Frustration
    Resources
  • Tools, Tools, Tools!
    Recommendations
    Commercial Vendors: keep up with current technology trends – interactivity & mobile!
    Institutions: Value student learning as much as data collection or accountability
    Schools: Recognize/incorporate students’ out-of-school technology experiences – Don’t block! Educate about Digital Citizenship!
    Web 2.0 Tool Providers: Don’t pull a “Ning”
  • Groups
    Docs
    Video
    Sites
    Mail
    Calendar
    Wave
    Oregon, Colorado, Iowa
    States Adopt Google Apps for K-12 Schools
  • Add-ons to Google Apps by Fall
    Additional Google Applications soon to be included inside GoogleApps Education domains:
  • TIME
    Teachers’ biggest issue
  • Integrate into everyday Activities
    Photos: Flickr by Kim Cofino
  • Social Learning
    Interactivity!
  • “everyday-ness”
    How can we make ePortfolio development
    a natural process integrated into
    everyday life with everyday tools?
    Lifelong and Life Wide Learning
  • Mobile Phone Apps for ePortfolios
    Add: PebblePad & WordPress Apps
  • iPad?
  • XO-3
    One Laptop per Child
    Available in 2012 ~$100
    Android-based tablet
  • Gradual Change
    Incentives
  • Think!
    Engagement Factors?
    Social networks?
    ePortfolios?
    39
  • Engagement!
    • Goal-Setting
    • Self-Assessment
    • Ownership
    • Intrinsic Motivation
  • Similarities in Process
    Major differences:
    extrinsic vs.
    intrinsic motivation
    Elements of True (Intrinsic) Motivation:
    Autonomy
    Mastery
    Purpose
  • Pink’s Motivation Behavior
    X
    Type X - Extrinsic
    fueled more by extrinsic rewards or desires
    Type I – Intrinsic
    Behavior is self-directed.
    I
  • Successful websites = Type I Approach
    People feel good about participating.
    Give users autonomy.
    Keep system as open as possible.
    - Clay Shirky
  • Autonomy & ePortfolios
    Choice
    Voice
    Sharing
    Feedback
    Immediacy
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/kenturamon/342946821/
  • Mastery & ePortfolios
    Exhilaration in Learning
    Sports? Games?
    Compliance vs. Personal Mastery
    Open Source movement (Wikipedia vs. Encarta)
    Make a contribution
  • Mastery & ePortfolios (2)
    ePortfolio:
    Flow
    Showcasing Achievements
    Increased self-awareness and self-understanding
    “Only engagement can produce Mastery.” (Pink, 2009, p.111)
  • FLOW
    a feeling of energized focus (Csíkszentmihályi)
    “Reach should exceed the Grasp”
  • Use ePortfolios to documentMASTERY
  • Purpose & ePortfolios
    Relevance
    Big picture
    Engagement
  • Good Question…
  • Because Purpose and Passion Co-Exist
  • False Starts
    Action Plan
  • Components of Action Plan
    Vision
    Skills needed
    Students
    Teachers/Faculty
    Resources needed
    Human Systems
    Technological Systems
    Incentives
    Leadership
    Prepare for Change
    Develop Change Strategy
    Needs Assessment
    Design Desired Outcome
    Implementation Plan
    Implement
    Evaluate and Course Correct
    Celebrate New Outcome
  • Some Questions to Ask at Beginning:
    What is the context for ePortfolio development?
    What is the organization’s readiness for change?
    Who are the various stakeholders?
    What is the leadership’s commitment to the process?
    What is the vision for ePortfolios in the organization?
  • Assessment
    Cautions
  • Japanese
  • Catalan
  • Spanish
  • Mandarin
  • Opportunity Cost
    The alternative you give up when you make a decision…
    The cost of an alternative that must be forgone in order to pursue a certain action
    What is the opportunity cost of emphasizing accountability/compliance in ePortfolios over improvement/reflection and deep learning?
  • Portfolios can help learners find their Voice…
    and explore their Purpose and Passions through Choice!
  • ePortfolios should be more Conversation
    than Presentation
    (or Checklist)
    Because Conversation transforms!
  • A Reminder…
    Reflection &Relationships
    … the “Heart and Soul” of a Portfolio… (and Social Networking)
    NOT the Technology!
  • My Final Wish…
    dynamic celebrations
    stories of deep learning
    across the lifespan
  • Dr. Helen Barrett
    Researcher & ConsultantElectronic Portfolios & Digital Storytelling for Lifelong and Life Wide Learning
    eportfolios@gmail.com
    http://electronicportfolios.org/
    Twitter: @eportfolios
    http://slideshare.net/eportfolios