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Barcelona june 2010

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Slides from workshop at Colegio Montserrat, Barcelona, Spain

Slides from workshop at Colegio Montserrat, Barcelona, Spain

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  • I will be emphasizing this purpose for portfolio development.
  • There are the two major approaches to implementing e-portfolios. Janus is the Roman god of gates and doors, beginnings and endings, and hence represented with a double-faced head, each looking in opposite directions. He was worshipped at the beginning of the harvest time, planting, marriage, birth, and other types of beginnings, especially the beginnings of important events in a person's life. Janus also represents the transition between primitive life and civilization, between the countryside and the city, peace and war, and the growing-up of young people.
  • Spanish and Catalan
  • As defined in a JISC publication, Effective Practices with e-portfolios: The e-portfolio is the central and common point for the student experience… It is a reflection of the student as a person undergoing continuous personal development, not just a store of evidence. (Geoff Rebbeck, e-Learning Coordinator, Thanet College, quoted in JISC, 2008, Effective Practice with e-Portfolios)
  • Begin to develop successful ePortfolio Processes this week through your PD. Here are the strategies you need to include: Students develop multimedia artifacts through Project-Based Learning & Learning with Laptops.Engage students in reflection to facilitate deep learning through Digital Storytelling and Journals/Blogs & Presentation Portfolios.
  • How do portfolios and reflection fit into the learning process?BEFORE - goal-setting (reflection in the future tense), DURING - immediate reflection (in the present tense), where students write (or dictate) the reason why they chose a specific artifact to include in their collectionAFTER - retrospective (in the past tense) where students look back over a collection of work and describe what they have learned and how they have changed over a period of time (in a Level 3 portfolio)
  • Transcript

    • 1. Portfolio LearningBuilding a Culture of ePortfoliosforProfessional Development and Lifelong Learning
      Dr. Helen Barrett
      electronicportfolios.org
      http://www.slideshare.net/eportfolios/
    • 2. Outline
      Context
      Definitions
      Process - Reflection
      Product - Technology
      Intrinsic Motivation
      Hands-on Google Sites
    • 3. What are Interactive Portfolios?
      Portfolios using Web 2.0 tools to:
      • reflect on learning in multiple formats
      • 4. showcase work online to multiple audiences
      • 5. dialogue about learning artifacts/reflections
      • 6. provide feedback to improve learning
    • Description
      Implement Web 2.0 tools for classroom-based assessment, enabling teacher/peer feedback to improve student achievement. Review the power of using blogs, wikis, and GoogleApps Education Edition.
    • 7. Context
      Why
      Electronic Portfolios Now?
    • 8. The World in Flat
      • Thomas Friedman, New York Times Columnist
      • 9. A look at the change and globalization since Y2K
    • Skills for jobs in a flat world “in the new middle”
      Friedman, 2006
    • 23. The Right Stuff - Learning in a Flat World
      “How we educate our children may prove to be more important than howmuch.”
      Abilities for a flat world:
      Learn how to learn
      CQ (curiosity) + PQ (passion) > IQ
      People Skills
      Right Brain Stuff
      Friedman, 2006
    • 24. A Whole New Mind
      • Daniel Pink
      • 25. Balancing Right-Brain skills for the “Conceptual Age” with Left-Brain skills from the “Information Age”
    • 6 Essential High-Concept, High Touch AptitudesDan Pink, A Whole New Mind
      Design (not just function) - create objects beautiful, whimsical, emotionally engaging
      Story (not just argument) - the ability to fashion a compelling narrative
      Symphony (not just focus) - synthesis--seeing the big picture
      Empathy (not just logic) - forge relationships - care for others
      Play (not just seriousness) - laughter, lightheartedness, games, humor
      Meaning (not just accumulation) - purpose, transcendence, and spiritual fulfillment.
    • 26. Framework for 21st Century Skillshttp://www.21stcenturyskills.org/
    • 27. ISTE NETS
    • 28. Enhancing students' computer & multimedia skills through ePortfolios
    • 29. Draft National Educational Technology Plan (2010)
      Technology also gives students opportunities for taking ownership of their learning. Student-managed electronic learning portfolios can be part of a persistent learning record and help students develop the self-awareness required to set their own learning goals, express their own views of their strengths, weaknesses, and achievements, and take responsibility for them. Educators can use them to gauge students’ development, and they also can be shared with peers, parents, and others who are part of students’ extended network. (p.12)
    • 30. Legacy from the Portfolio Literature
      • Much to learn fromthe literature onpaper-based portfolios
      • 31. As adult learners, we have much to learn from how children approach portfolios
      “Everything I know about portfolios was confirmed working with a kindergartener”
    • 32. The Power of Portfolios
      what children can teach us about learning and assessment
      Author: Elizabeth Hebert
      Publisher: Jossey-Bass
      Picture courtesy of Amazon.com
    • 33. The Power of Portfolios
      Author: Dr. Elizabeth Hebert, Principal
      Crow Island School, Winnetka, Illinois
      Picture taken by Helen Barrett at AERA, Seattle, April, 2001
    • 34. From the Preface (1)
      Hebert, Elizabeth (2001) The Power of Portfolios. Jossey-Bass, p.ix
      “Portfolios have been with us for a very long time. Those of us who grew up in the 1950s or earlier recognize portfolios as reincarnations of the large memory boxes or drawers where our parents collected starred spelling tests, lacy valentines, science fair posters, early attempts at poetry, and (of course) the obligatory set of plaster hands. Each item was selected by our parents because it represented our acquisition of a new skill or our feelings of accomplishment. Perhaps an entry was accompanied by a special notation of praise from a teacher or maybe it was placed in the box just because we did it.”
    • 35. From the Preface (2)
      Hebert, Elizabeth (2001) The Power of Portfolios. Jossey-Bass, p.ix
      “We formed part of our identity from the contents of these memory boxes. We recognized each piece and its association with a particular time or experience. We shared these collections with grandparents to reinforce feelings of pride and we reexamined them on rainy days when friends were unavailable for play. Reflecting on the collection allowed us to attribute importance to these artifacts, and by extension to ourselves, as they gave witness to the story of our early school experiences.”
    • 36. From the Preface (3)
      Hebert, Elizabeth (2001) The Power of Portfolios. Jossey-Bass, p.ix-x
      “Our parents couldn’t possibly envision that these memory boxes would be the inspiration for an innovative way of thinking about children’s learning. These collections, lovingly stored away on our behalf, are the genuine exemplar for documenting children’s learning over time. But now these memory boxes have a different meaning. It’s not purely private or personal, although the personal is what gives power to what they can mean.”
    • 37. Let’s get personal…Think for a minute about:
      Something about your COLLECTIONS:Suggested topics:
      • If you are a parent, what you saved for your children
      • 38. What your parents saved for you
      • 39. What you collect…
      • 40. Why you collect…
    • Some issues to consider
      • What do your collections say about what you value?
      • 41. Is there a difference between what you purposefully save and what you can’t throw away?
      • 42. How can we use our personal collections experiences to help learners as they develop their portfolios?
      The power of portfolios [to support deep learning] is personal.
    • 43. Technology & Reflection
      Two Themes across the Lifespan with ePortfolio Development and Social Networking
      23
    • 44. What is a Portfolio?
      Dictionary definition: a flat, portable case for carrying loose papers, drawings, etc.
      Financial portfolio: document accumulation of fiscalcapital
      Educational portfolio: document development of humancapital
    • 45. What is a Portfolio in Education?
      A portfolio is a purposeful collection of [academic] work that exhibits the [learner’s]efforts, progress and achievements in one ormore areas[over time].
      (Northwest Evaluation Association, 1990)
    • 46. E-Portfolio Components
      • Multiple Portfolios for Multiple Purposes-Celebrating Learning-Personal Planning-Transition/entry to courses-Employment applications-Accountability/Assessment
      • 47. Multiple Tools to Support Processes-Capturing & storing evidence-Reflecting-Giving & receiving feedback-Planning & setting goals-Collaborating-Presenting to an audience
      • 48. Digital Repository
      (Becta, 2007; JISC, 2008)
    • 49. Multiple Purposes from Hidden Assumptions
      What are yours?
      • Showcase • Assessment • Learning •
      http://www.rsc-northwest.ac.uk/acl/eMagArchive/RSCeMag2008/choosing%20an%20eportfolio/cool-cartoon-346082.png
    • 50. Multiple Purposes of E-Portfolios in Education
      Learning/ Process/ Planning
      Marketing/ Showcase
      Assessment/ Accountability
      "The Blind Men and the Elephant” by John Godfrey Saxe
    • 51. ePortfolio designs/strategies for different purposes
      Assessment/Accountability Portfolios (Summative assessment)
      Organized thematically (outcomes, goals or standards)
      Focus of Reflection: Achievement of Standards (rationale)
      Tools: Assessment system with data from scoring rubrics
      Faculty role: Evaluation
    • 52. Forms of Assessment
      • Formative Assessments
      • 53. Provides insights for the teacher
      • 54. Assessment FOR Learning
      • 55. Provides insights for the learner
      • 56. Summative Assessments (Assessment OF Learning or Evaluation)
      • 57. Provides insights (and data) for the institution
      Nick Rate (2008) Assessment for Learning & ePortfolios, NZ Ministry of Ed
    • 58. ePortfolio designs/strategies for different purposes
      • Showcase Portfolios (Employment, Self-marketing)
      • 59. Organized thematically (position requirements)
      • 60. Focus of Reflection: Suitability for position
      • 61. Tools: Choice of portfolio owner – personalized web pages – digital footprint
      • 62. Personal online branding
    • ePortfolio designs/strategies for different purposes
      Learning Portfolios
      Organized chronologically
      Focus of Reflection: Learning Activities & Artifacts
      Tools: Reflective Journal (blog)
      Faculty/peer role: Feedback on artifacts and reflection
    • 63. Balancing the 2 Faces of E-Portfolios
    • 64. Some Basic Concepts
      • “ePortfoliois both process and product”
      • 65. Process: A series of events (time and effort) to produce a result- From Old French proces(“‘journey’”)
      • 66. Product: the outcome/results or “thinginess” of an activity/process- Destination
      • 67. Wiktionary
    • Types of E-Portfolio Implementation
      Working Portfolio
      The Collection
      The Digital Archive
      Repository of Artifacts
      Reflective Journal(eDOL)
      Collaboration Space
      Portfolio as Process-- Workspace (PLE)“shoebox”
      Presentation Portfolio(s)
      The “Story” or Narrative
      Multiple Views (public/private)
      Varied Audiences(varied permissions)
      Varied Purposes
      Portfolio as Product-- Showcase
    • 68.
    • 69. Japanese
    • 70. Catalan
    • 71. Structure of E-Portfolio Types
      Portfolio as Product/ Showcase
      Organization: Thematic – Documenting achievement of Standards, Goals or Learning Outcomes for primarily external audiences
      Primary Purpose: Accountability or Employment or Showcase
      Reflection: retrospective focus on Standards, Goals or Learning Outcomes (Themes)
      Portfolio as Process/ Workspace
      Organization: Chronological – eDOL(Electronic Documentation of Learning – U. of Calgary) Documenting growth over time for both internal and external audiences
      Primary Purpose: Learning or Reflection
      Reflection: immediate focus on artifact or learning experience
    • 72. Level 1 - Collection
    • 73. Stages of Portfolio Development
      Level 1
      • Collection -- Creating the Digital Archive (regularly – weekly/monthly)
      • 74. Digital Conversion (Collection)
      • 75. Artifacts represent integration of technology in one curriculum area (i.e., Language Arts)
      • 76. Stored in GoogleDocs
    • Level 2: Primary Purpose: Learning/Reflection
    • 77. Stages of Portfolio Development
      Level 2
      • Collection/Reflection (Immediate Reflection on Learning & Artifacts in Collection) (regularly)
      • 78. organized chronologically (in a blog?)
      • 79. Captions (Background Information on assignment, Response)
      • 80. Artifacts represent integration of technology in most curriculum areas (i.e., Language Arts, Social Studies, Science, Math) (in GoogleDocs?)
    • Level 3: Primary Purpose: Showcase/Accountability
    • 81. Stages of Portfolio Development
      Level 3
      • Selection/Reflection and Direction (each semester? End of year?)
      • 82. organized thematically (in web pages or wiki)
      • 83. Why did I choose these pieces? What am I most proud to highlight about my work?
      • 84. What do they show about my learning?
      • 85. What more can I learn (Goals for the Future)?
      • 86. Presentation (annually)
    • Timeline
      46
      Level 1: Collection
      Level 2: Collection + Reflection
      Level 3: Selection + Presentation
    • 87. Electronic Portfolios
      almost two decades (since 1991)
      used primarily in education to
      store documents
      reflect on learning
      feedback for improvement
      showcase achievements for accountability or employment
      47
    • 88. QUOTE
      • The e-portfolio is the central and common point for the student experience… It is a reflection of the student as a person undergoing continuous personal development, not just a store of evidence.-Geoff Rebbeck, e-Learning Coordinator, Thanet College, quoted in JISC, 2008, Effective Practice with e-Portfolios
    • Social networks
      last five years
      store documents and share experiences,
      showcase accomplishments,
      communicate and collaborate
      facilitate employment searches
      49
    • 89. Social Learning
      Interactivity!
      50
    • 90. Boundaries Blurring (between e-portfolios & social networks)
      Structured Accountability Systems? or…
      Lifelong interactive portfolios
      Picasa
      Mash-ups
      Facebook
      Flickr
      blogs
      YouTube
      Ning
      wikis
      Twitter
      51
    • 91. http://www.google.com/a/cmontserrat.net
      Username: name.surname
      Password: name00
    • 92. Day 2
      Developing a Professional Portfolio
      • Digital Archive in Google Docs
      • 93. Reflection in Google Sites or Blogger
      • 94. Presentation Portfolio in Google Sites
      • 95. Templates for Student Portfolios
    • http://electronicportfolios.org
    • 96. Digital Archive (for Life) Supports Lifelong & Life-wide Learning
      55
    • 97. Processes
      Social Networking
      Connect(“Friending”)
      Listen(Reading)
      Respond(Commenting)
      Share(linking/tagging)
      Portfolio
      Collection
      Selection
      Reflection
      Direction/Goals
      Presentation
      Feedback
      Technology
      Archiving
      Linking/Thinking
      Digital Storytelling
      Collaborating
      Publishing
      56
    • 98. Discuss!
      Engagement Factors?
      Social networks?
      ePortfolios?
      57
    • 99. Create a Professional Portfolio
      Find the Intrinsic Motivation!
      Apply the process to Student Learning!
    • 100. Golden Circle
      What?
      How?
      Why?
      59
    • 101. Focus on ePortfolios for Teacher Professional Development & Student Lifelong Learning
    • 102. Four key pillars of Lifelong Learning(Barbara Stäuble, Curtin University of Technology, Australia)
      http://lsn.curtin.edu.au/tlf/tlf2005/refereed/stauble.html
    • 103. Knowing the learner (Self-awareness)
      • Understanding prior knowledge
      • 104. Motivation for and attitudes toward learning
      • 105. Help learners understand themselves
      • 106. See their growth over time
    • Planning for learning (Self management)
      • Setting goals
      • 107. Develop a plan to achieve these goals
    • Understanding how to learn (Meta-learning)
      • Awareness of learners to different approaches to learning
      • 108. Deep vs. Surface Learning, Rote vs. MeaningfulLearning
      • 109. Different Learning Styles
      • 110. Help learners recognize success
      • 111. Accommodate approaches that are not successful
    • Evaluating learning (Self monitoring)
      • Systematic analysis oflearners’ performance
      • 112. Responsibility toconstruct meaning
      • 113. Be reflective & think critically
      • 114. Learners construct meaning,monitor learning, evaluate own outcomes
    • Deep Learning
      Cambridge (2004)
    • 119. 67
      Similarities in Process
      Major differences:
      extrinsic vs.
      intrinsic motivation
      Elements of True (Intrinsic) Motivation:
      Autonomy
      Mastery
      Purpose
    • 120. Pink’s Motivation Behavior
      X
      Type X - Extrinsic
      fueled more by extrinsic rewards or desires (Grades?)
      Type I – Intrinsic
      Behavior is self-directed.
      I
      68
    • 121. Successful websites = Type I Approach
      • People feel good about participating.
      • 122. Give users autonomy.
      • 123. Keep system as open as possible.
      - Clay Shirky
      69
    • 124. Autonomy & ePortfolios
      Choice
      Voice
      Sharing
      Feedback
      Immediacy
      70
      http://www.flickr.com/photos/kenturamon/342946821/
    • 125. Mastery & ePortfolios
      • Exhilaration in Learning
      • 126. Sports? Games?
      • 127. Compliance vs. Personal Mastery
      • 128. Open Source movement (Wikipedia vs. Encarta)
      • 129. Make a contribution
      71
    • 130. Mastery & ePortfolios (2)
      ePortfolio:
      Flow
      Showcasing Achievements
      Increased self-awareness and self-understanding
      “Only engagement can produce Mastery.” (Pink, 2009, p.111)
      72
    • 131. FLOW
      a feeling of energized focus (Csíkszentmihályi)
      “Reach should exceed the Grasp”
      73
    • 132. Student Engagement!
      CQ + PQ > IQ (Friedman, 2006)[Curiosity + Passion > Intelligence]
      Find voice and passions through choice and personalization!
      Portfolio as Story
      Positive Digital Identity Development - Branding
      “Academic MySpace”
      74
    • 133. Use ePortfolios to documentMASTERY
      75
    • 134. Purpose & ePortfolios
      76
    • 137. 77
      Portfolio Way of Thinking
      • Portfolios can be timeless
      • 138. What really matters in life?
      • 139. Discover or rediscover passion…
      • 140. Create a legacy…
      • 141. Turn careers into callings, success into significance…
      • 142. To make a difference…
      • 143. An ongoing, ageless framework for self-renewal
    • More Conversation… Less Presentation
      • “Portfolios should be less about telling [presentation]
      • 144. and more about talking!”[conversation]” Julie Hughes, University of Wolverhampton
      • 145. …Because Conversation transforms!
      • 146. Involve your PLN/PLE* in your portfolio*Personal Learning Network*Personal Learning Environment
    • Web 2.0 is becoming the Personal Learning Environment of the “Net Generation”
      Learning that is…
      • Social and Participatory
      • 147. Lifelong and Life Wide
      • 148. Increasingly Self-Directed
      • 149. Motivating and Engaging
      • 150. … and Online!
    • Architecture of InteractionArchitecture of Participation (Web 2.0)
      allows a
      Pedagogyof Interaction
      (ePortfolio 2.0)
    • 151. Successful ePortfolio Process:
      Develop multimedia artifacts through Project-Based Learning & Learning with Laptops
      Engage students in reflection to facilitate deep learning through…
      Digital storytelling
      Journal/Blog & Presentation Portfolio – Workspace + Showcase
    • 152. Learner-Centered Philosophy
      "A portfolio tells a story. It is the story of knowing. Knowing about things... Knowing oneself... Knowing an audience... Portfolios are students' own stories of what they know, why they believe they know it, and why others should be of the same opinion.” (Paulson & Paulson, 1991, p.2)
    • 153. Portfolios help learners find their Voice…
      and explore their Purpose and Passions through Choice!
    • 154. Do Your e-Portfolios have CHOICE and VOICE?
      Individual Identity
      Reflection
      Meaning Making
      21st Century Literacy
      84
    • 155. Convergence
    • 156. A Reminder…
      Reflection &Relationships
      … the “Heart and Soul” of an ePortfolio…
      NOT the Technology!
      86
    • 157. 3 Levels of My Portfolio
      My website (where most artifacts are stored)http://electronicportfolios.org/ PDF version from 2000: http://electronicportfolios.org/samples/
      My Blog = My Reflective Journal(Blogger) http://blog.helenbarrett.org/
      My Professional/Presentation Portfolio(Google Sites) http://sites.helenbarrett.net/
    • 158. My Story
    • 159. Creating a Professional Portfolio
      Hands-On Activity Using GoogleApps
    • 160. ePortfolio Work Flowhttp://electronicportfolios.org/google/
    • 161. Web 2.0 Technologies
      Advantages
      • Free, often open-source tools on the WWW
      • 162. “Me Publishing (blog and wiki)
      • 163. Shared Writing (GoogleDocs)
      • 164. Web Publishing(Google Sites)
      Disadvantages
      • May require higher technology competency
      • 165. Mostly not secure websites
      “Small Pieces, Loosely Joined”
    • 166. Process & Web 2.0 Tools
    • 167. All you need is… an <Embed> Code!
      Hall Davidson
    • 168. Blogs
      Advantages
      • Quickly, easily create a learning journal, documenting growth over time with entries that are date-stamped.
      • 169. WordPress allows additional pages and sub-pages.
      • 170. Interactivity is maintained through RSS feeds and Comments that can be added.
      • 171. WordPress file limit 3 GB!
      • 172. WordPress blogs can be password-protected (as well as individual entries).
      Disadvantages
      • Prescribed order (reverse-chronological) of entries.
      • 173. Does not allow organizing attached files into folders.
      • 174. Limited attachments in Blogger.
      • 175. Blogger does not allow passwords, often blocked in schools
    • GoogleDocs
      Advantages
      • Documents, presentations or spreadsheets can be edited
      • 176. Maintains a record of all revisions, with identity of author.
      • 177. Interactivity is maintained through comments and co-authoring.
      • 178. Easily embed presentations into blog.
      • 179. Convert all documents to Microsoft Office or OpenOffice or PDF.
      Disadvantages
      • Set up own system for managing the feedback on student work.
      • 180. Requires full time high speed Internet access.
      • 181. No attachments, only hyperlinks to documents.
    • Google Sites
      Advantages
      • Free website builder
      • 182. Easy-to-use
      • 183. Flexibility and creativity in portfolio authoring.
      • 184. Helps students build technology skills.
      • 185. Automatically store pages online.
      • 186. 500 MB limit on uploaded attachments
      Disadvantages
      • Set up own system for managing the feedback on student work.
    • Websites with “how-to’s”
      ePortfolios with Google Appshttp://sites.google.com/site/eportfolioapps/
      Interactive ePortfolioshttp://electronicportfolios.org/blogmodels/
      All linked from my website: http://electronicportfolios.org/
    • 187. Google Sites ePortfolios
    • 188. Process
      Purpose. Decide on the purpose for the portfolio. What are you trying to show with this portfolio?
      Collection/Classification. What artifacts will you include in your portfolio? How will you classify these entries? (Level 1)
      Reflection. Blog entries provide an opportunity for reflection "in the present tense" or "reflection in action.” (Level 2)
      Connection/Interaction/Dialogue/Feedback. This stage provides an opportunity for interaction and feedback on the work posted in the portfolio. (Level 2)
      Summative Reflection/Selection/Evaluation. Students would write a reflection that looks back over the course (or program) and provides a meta-analysis of the learning experience as represented in the reflections stored in the blog/journal entries. (Level 3)
      Presentation/Publishing. The portfolio developer decides what parts of the portfolio are to be made public. (Level 3)
      REPEAT for each learning activity or artifact.
    • 189. Organize a Presentation Portfolio based on Themes
      Use Pages in Blogger or WordPresshttp://blog.helenbarrett.org/
      Use Google Siteshttp://sites.helenbarrett.net/portfolio/
    • 190. Hands-on Activity #1: Google Sites
      With your Google Account, activate a new Google Site asan ePortfolio.
      • Name your site:yournameportfolio (no spaces)
      • 191. More options:*
      • 192. Guess Captcha!
      • 193. Create Site
      *can be changed
    • 194. Manage Site
      Select More Actions – Manage Site
      to change some of your Site Settings
    • 195. Manage Site – General
      Make Site name more appropriate
      Establish consistent Site Categories so that you can search by category
    • 196. Page Types in Google Sites
      Web Page – create your own structure
      Announcements – blog with RSS feeds
      File Cabinet – upload files, organize in folders
      List – simple flat-file data base
    • 197. Explore Google Sites Capabilities for ePortfolio Requirements
      File Cabinet page type to upload artifacts
      Comments for feedback on pages or entries in Announcements page
      Announcements page type (blog) with RSS feeds
      List page type as data base
      Subscribe to page or site changes
      What’s New in Google Docs? http://www.google.com/google-d-s/whatsnew.html
    • 198. Begin with a Working Portfolio
      Adopt social networking strategies:
      Maintain a blog/reflective journal (Blogger or WordPress) Comments = Conversation
      Create a PLN on Twitter Follow and Invite FollowersSharing ideas/links/current events – Post
      Collect digital copies of your work
      Set up GoogleDocs account and upload Office Docs into one place
    • 199. Hands-on Activity #1.1: Google Sites
      Create the following pages:
      • Home (main page)
      • 200. About Me
      • 201. Journal (Announcements page type)OR Blogger (when available in GoogleApps)
      • 202. Themes (Competencies or Goals or Standards)
      • 203. Sub pages for each one
    • Google Sites
      Advantages
      Free website builder
      Easy-to-use
      Flexibility and creativity in portfolio authoring.
      Helps students build technology skills.
      Automatically store pages online.
      100 MB limit on uploaded attachments
      Disadvantages
      Set up own system for managing the feedback on student work.
      Requires full time high speed Internet access.
    • 204. Create an inventory of your work
      What themes emerge in your work?
    • 205. Brainstorm
    • 206. Hands-on Activity: #2 GoogleDocs
      Create a Document to describe your portfolio context and goals for either professionalor student e-portfolios.
      Share your document with your neighbors
      Collaboratively edit each others’ documents
      Describe your assessment context, experience with ePortfolios, and experience with Web 2.0
      What do you want to learn about e-portfolios?
    • 207. GoogleDocs
      Advantages
      Documents, presentations or spreadsheets can be edited
      Maintains a record of all revisions, with identity of author.
      Interactivity is maintained through comments and co-authoring.
      Easily embed presentations into blog.
      Convert all documents to Microsoft Office or OpenOffice or PDF.
      Disadvantages
      Set up own system for managing the feedback on student work.
      Requires full time high speed Internet access.
      No attachments, only hyperlinks to documents.
    • 208. Day 3Review Examples of Scaffolding for Reflection
      http://sites.google.com/site/reflection4learning
    • 209. Nick Rate (2008) Assessment for Learning & ePortfolios. NZ Ministry of Ed (p. 24)
    • 210. Purpose
      The overarching purpose of portfolios is to create a sense of personal ownership over one’s accomplishments, because ownership engenders feelings of pride, responsibility, and dedication. (p.10)
      Paris, S & Ayres, L. (1994) Becoming Reflective Students and Teachers. American Psychological Association
    • 211. Reflections in journals, surveys, and conferences should be elicited occasionally and receive quick feedback so they do not become repetitive or boring. (p.81)
      Paris, S & Ayres, L. (1994) Becoming Reflective Students and Teachers. American Psychological Association
    • 212. Resource on Biology of Learning
      Enriching the Practice of Teaching by Exploring the Biology of Learning
      James E. Zull
      Stylus Publishing Co.
    • 213. The Learning CycleDavid Kolb from Dewey, Piaget, Lewin, adapted by Zull
    • 214. Experiential Learning ModelLewin/Kolb with adaptations by Moon and Zull
      Practice
      Have an experience
      Reflect on the experience
      Try out what you have learned
      Metacognition
      Learn from the experience
    • 215. What is Reflection?
      Major theoretical roots:
      Dewey
      Habermas
      Kolb
      Schön
      Dewey: “We do not learn from experience…we learn from reflecting on experience.”
      Discuss…
    • 216. Moon on Reflection
      One of the defining characteristics of surface learning is that it does not involve reflection (p.123)
    • 217. How might an e-portfolio support development of personal knowledge, reflection, and metacognition?
      knowledge for acting/doing
      reflection in action
      performance
      context
      forethought
      self-reflection
      knowledge for planning actions
      and imagination
      reflection for action
      knowledge of self derived from doing
      reflection on action
      Norman Jackson
      Higher Education Academy, U.K.
    • 218. Self-Regulated LearningAbrami, P., et. al. (2008), Encouraging self-regulated learning through electronic portfolios. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, V34(3) Fall 2008. http://www.cjlt.ca/index.php/cjlt/article/viewArticle/507/238
      Captions/Journals
      Goals
      Change over Time
    • 219. What are Effective Self-Regulation Processes?
      Performance or Volitional Control
      Processes that occur in action and affect attention and action
      DURING
      Forethought
      Influential processes which precede efforts to act and set the stage for action.
      BEFORE
      Self-Reflection
      Processes which occur after performance efforts and influence a person’s response to that experience
      AFTER
      Wade, A. & Abrami, P., Presentation at ePortfolio Montreal, May 2008.
    • 220. Before
      Goal setting increases self-efficacy and intrinsic interest
      Task Analysis
      Goal setting
      Strategic Planning
      Self-motivation beliefs increase commitment
      Self-motivational beliefs:
      Self-efficacy
      Outcome expectations
      Intrinsic interest/value
      Goal Orientation
      Forethought
      Influential processes which precede efforts to act and set the stage for action.
      GOALS
      Wade, A. & Abrami, P., Presentation at ePortfolio Montreal, May 2008.
    • 221. During
      Self-control processes help learners to focus on tasks and optimize efforts
      Self-instruction
      Imagery
      Attention focusing
      Task Strategies
      Self-observation allows learners to vary aspects of their performance
      Self-recording
      Self-experimentation
      Performance or Volitional Control
      Processes that occur action and affect attention and action
      Captions
      Journals
      Wade, A. & Abrami, P., Presentation at ePortfolio Montreal, May 2008.
    • 222. After
      Self-Reflection
      Processes which occur after performance efforts and influence a person’s response to that experience
      Planning and implementing a strategy provides an evaluation metric for learners to attribute successes or failures (to effort), rather than low ability
      Self-judgment
      Self-evaluation
      Casual attribution
      Self-reaction
      Self-satisfaction/affect
      Adaptive-defensive response
      Change over Time
      Wade, A. & Abrami, P., Presentation at ePortfolio Montreal, May 2008.
    • 223. Reflective Questions that tie the Past to the Future
    • 224. North Carolina Reflection Cycle
      Self-Assessment: The Reflective Practitioner
    • 225. Writing a Reflection - 1http://www.ncpublicschools.org/pbl/pblreflect.htm
      Select: What evidence/artifacts have you included?
      Describe: This step involves a description of the circumstances, situation or issues related to the evidence or artifact. Four "W" questions are usually addressed:
      Who was involved?
      What were the circumstances, concerns, or issues?
      When did the event occur?
      Where did the event occur?
    • 226. Writing a Reflection - 2http://www.ncpublicschools.org/pbl/pblreflect.htm
      Analyze: "digging deeper."
      • "Why" of the evidence or artifact
      • 227. "How" of its relationship to teaching practice
      Appraise: In the previous three steps, you have described and analyzed an experience, a piece of evidence, or an activity. The actual self-assessment occurs at this stage as you interpret the activity or evidence and evaluate its appropriateness and impact.
      Transform:This step holds the greatest opportunity for growth as you use the insights gained from reflection in improving and transforming your practice.
    • 228. Strategies for Helping Students Reflect
      Interactive tools
      Journals: Blogs & Wikis
      ePortfolio tools with built-in reflection
      Survey tools
      Student self-expression
      Digital Storytelling
      http://electronicportfolios.org/reflection.html
    • 229. 7 Principles of Good Feedback Practice for Formative Assessment:
      helps clarify what good performance is (goals, criteria, expected standards);
      facilitates the development of reflection and self-assessment in learning;
      delivers high quality information to students about their learning;
      encourages teacher and peer dialogue around learning;
      encourages positive motivational beliefs and self-esteem;
      provides opportunities to close the gap between current and desired performance;
      provides information to teachers that can be used to help shape the teaching.
    • 230. Feedback - Use the acronym THIRD...
      TIMELY:  Feedback must be timely in order to give your students the opportunity to learn from their mistakes and do better on the next assignment.   
      HONEST: or assignment better.
      IMPROVING:   Make sure your feedback provides constructive criticism… Sharing your rubric is a good way to do this.
      RELEVANT:  Make sure your feedback makes sense.
      DIRECT:  If your student needs to get help with grammar or writing techniques, say so and put him or her in touch with resources available at your university. 
      http://www.delaneykirk.com/2009/09/dear-dr-kirk--i-need-some-advice-on-how-to-handle-giving-feedback-to-my-students-i-always-struggle-with-just-how-much-to-s.html
    • 231. Checklist of Observable Behaviors for Feedback
      Practice: Students exercise with the purpose of enhancing knowledge and skills.
      Teacher: The instructor gives students verbal or written input.
      Peer feedback: Peers provide verbal or written input.
      Cues about how to improve: The learner gets information back that includes suggestions on how to do better.
      Corrective feedback: This input is meant to help improve performance.
      Supportive feedback: A mentor or peer provides encouragement.
      Reference: Ewell,  P.  T.  (1997).  Organizing for learning: A point of entry. Draft prepared for discussion at the 1997 AAHE Summer Academy at Snowbird.  National Center for Higher Education Management Systems (NCHEMS). p.9  Available: http://www.intime.uni.edu/model/learning/learn_summary.html
    • 232. Reflection Prompt
      Create a blog entry with a link to at least one of the GoogleDocs documents you created.
      Reflect on how collaborative documents and reflection could be used to facilitate collaborative projects as well as feedback on student work.
    • 233. Share your Professional Portfolio with your PLN
      Invite conversation and collaboration
    • 234. More Learning Resources
      http://mosep.org
      MOre Self-Esteem with my ePortfolio (European Study & Tutorial)
    • 235. My Final Wish…
      dynamic celebrations
      stories of deep learning
      across the lifespan
      139
    • 236. Dr. Helen Barrett
      Researcher & ConsultantElectronic Portfolios & Digital Storytelling for Lifelong and Life Wide Learning
      eportfolios@gmail.com
      http://electronicportfolios.org/

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