Your Digital Self: Web 2.0 as Personal Learning Environment and E-Portfoliohttp://sites.google.com/site/web2workshop2010 Dr. Helen Barrett Researcher & Consultant Electronic Portfolios &Digital Storytelling for Lifelong and Lifewide Learning Assistant Professor, Educational Technology (retired) College of Education University of Alaska Anchorage (1991-2005)
Personal Learning Environment Supports Self-Directed Learning
Web 2.0 is becoming the Personal Learning Environment of the “Net Generation” Learning that is…
Types of E-Portfolio Implementation Working Portfolio The Collection The Digital Archive Repository of Artifacts Reflective Journal(eDOL) Collaboration Space Portfolio as Process-- Workspace (PLE)“shoebox” Presentation Portfolio(s) The “Story” or Narrative Multiple Views (public/private) Varied Audiences(varied permissions) Varied Purposes Portfolio as Product-- Showcase
Structure of E-Portfolio Types Portfolio as Process/ Workspace Organization: Chronological – eDOL(Electronic Documentation of Learning – U. of Calgary) Documenting growth over time for both internal and external audiences Primary Purpose: Learning or Reflection Reflection: immediate focus on artifact or learning experience Portfolio as Product/ Showcase Organization: Thematic – Documenting achievement of Standards, Goals or Learning Outcomes for primarily external audiences Primary Purpose: Accountability or Employment or Showcase Reflection: retrospective focus on Standards, Goals or Learning Outcomes (Themes)
Web 1.0 vs.Web 2.0 DoubleClick Ofoto Akamai mp3.com Britannica Online personal websites domain name speculation page views screen scraping publishing content management systems directories (taxonomy) stickiness Netscape Google AdSense Flickr BitTorrent Napster Wikipedia blogging search engine optimization cost per click web services participation wikis tagging ("folksonomy") syndication Google O'Reilly, T. (2005)
Architectureof InteractionArchitecture of Participation (Web 2.0) allows a Pedagogyof Interaction
Web 2.0 Tools in ePortfolios Portfolio Activities Reflective Journal Immediate feedback Creation/Collection/Storage of artifacts Sharing Collaborative editing Collaborative publishing Web 2.0 tools Blogs Microblogs (Twitter) GoogleDocs, YouTubeDropBox, Box.net Grou.ps, Ning, GoogleDocs, Etherpad, typewith.me, ietherpad Wiki/Google Sites
Web 2.0 deep trends: a revolution in human augmentation Web 2.0 Expo, April 2008: Tim O’Reilly, O’Reilly Media
Technologies to Watch One year or less Mobiles Cloud Computing Two to Three Years Geo-Everything The Personal Web Four to Five Years Semantic-Aware Applications Smart Objects
Cloud Computing “The cloud is the term for networked computers that distribute processing power, applications, and large systems among many machines.” disk storage and processing cycles a readily available, cheap commodity thin-client, web-based applications for image editing, word processing, social networking, and media creation More reliable than desktop storage The Horizon Report, 2009
The Personal Web … computer users are assembling collections of tools, widgets, and services that make it easy to develop and organize dynamic online content. Armed with tools for tagging, aggregating, updating, and keeping track of content, today’s learners create and navigate a web that is increasingly tailored to their own needs and interests: this is the personal web. The Horizon Report, 2009
Social Learning How can we integrate technology use with what we know about social learning and interactivity?
How can you leverage the technologies students own? Accessibility from home computers Connectivity with cell phones
How is social networking impacting technology in education? It is having a huge impact on our social and political world!
A New Cultural Wedge “less calls, more web” mobile phones from 3 Emphasis on social networking Online versions of Novels Videos Comics Portfolios?
Web 2.0, an Architecture of Interaction/Collaboration Using Interactive Productivity Tools (GoogleApps: GoogleDocs, GoogleSites) Using Social Networking Strategies (Facebook, Ning, Twitter, Edmodo)
Planning Issues What is your purpose? Software capabilities: allow interaction between faculty and students around learning activities and products
http://sites.google.com/site/web2workshop2010/ Advantages Free, often open-source tools on the WWW “Me Publishing (blog and wiki) Shared Writing (GoogleDocs) Web Publishing(Google Sites) Disadvantages May require higher technology competency Mostly not secure websites “Small Pieces, Loosely Joined”
Public Google Tools vs. GoogleApps for Education? Public Google Tools (Gmail account) Google Apps for Education Student owns the account for life (must be over 13) Student has complete control of access FREE for anyone No uploading to Google Video (must use YouTube to embed videos) Start immediately Protected environment (school assigns account) School can control access (limit to members) FREE for education Limited use of Google Video (2 GB) Need some advanced set-up time http://sites.google.com/site/colettecassinelli/proscons
GoogleDocs Advantages Documents, presentations or spreadsheets can be edited Maintains a record of all revisions, with identity of author. Interactivity is maintained through comments and co-authoring. Easily embed presentations into blog. Convert all documents to Microsoft Office or OpenOffice or PDF. Disadvantages Set up own system for managing the feedback on student work. Requires full time high speed Internet access. No attachments, only hyperlinks to documents.
Validating my dissertation research When learning new tools, use familiar tasks When learning new tasks, use familiar tools
Google Sites Advantages Free website builder Easy-to-use Flexibility and creativity in portfolio authoring. Helps students build technology skills. Automatically store pages online. 100 MB limit on uploaded attachments Disadvantages Set up own system for managing the feedback on student work.
Page Types in Google Sites Web Page – create your own structure Announcements – blog with RSS feeds File Cabinet – upload files, organize in folders List – simple flat-file data base
Explore Google Sites Capabilities for ePortfolio Requirements File Cabinet page type to upload artifacts Comments for feedback on pages or entries in Announcements page Announcements page type (blog) with RSS feeds List page type as data base Subscribe to page or site changes What’s New in Google Docs? http://www.google.com/google-d-s/whatsnew.html
Attachments in Google Sites More Actions -> Manage Site Shows pages where attachments were added and links (re-use files using hyperlinks – right click and copy link)
Storage Limitations in Google Sites – Apps vs. Sites sites.google.com/site/ account limited to 100 MB of attachments in each Google Site you set up GoogleApps for Education domains with a maximum of 100 GB per domain, assigning accounts for each student Standard GoogleApps account, with your own domain name, for $10 a year, currently allows a maximum of 10GB of attached files in all Sites created under your domain Google's FAQ on Storage in different versions of Google Sites
Blogs Advantages Quickly, easily create a learning journal, documenting growth over time with entries that are date-stamped. WordPress allows additional pages and sub-pages. Interactivity is maintained through RSS feeds and Comments that can be added. WordPress file limit 3 GB! WordPress blogs can be password-protected. Disadvantages Prescribed order (reverse-chronological) of entries. Does not allow organizing attached files into folders. Limited attachments in Blogger.
Less abouttellingMore about talking! - Julie Hughes, University of Wolverhampton Take advantage of Web 2.0 strategies in learning
Don’t jump tothe final presentation prematurely… Document the learning process over time… through a learning journal.
Review Examples of Scaffolding for Reflection http://sites.google.com/site/reflection4learning
Forms of Assessment Formative Assessments Provides insights for the teacher Assessment FOR Learning Provides insights for the learner Summative Assessments (Assessment OF Learning or Evaluation) Provides insights (and data) for the institution Nick Rate (2008) Assessment for Learning & ePortfolios, NZ Ministry of Ed
Wikis Advantages Free (for education) online system. Wikispaces allows 2 GB online storage (PBWorkslimits 50 MB). Page can be edited by approved members. Discussion link on top of every page. Saves draft pages and keeps versions. Allows embedding media and building tables on pages. Disadvantages Does not allow organizing files into folders. Archived version does not save navigation menu. Ads! (Google Sites is a wiki without ads!)
Making ePortfolios Stick Will your students want to use the ePortfolio process after they graduate?
Ali Jafari (2004) “The “Sticky” E-Portfolio System: Tackling Challenges & Identifying Attributes” EDUCAUSE ReviewJuly/August 2004.
Success Factors Successful ePortfolio Project = I + J + K + L + M + N + O, where:I = ease of use J = sustainable business planK = advanced featuresL = robust integrated technologyarchitectureM = lifelong supportN = standards and transportability,andO = X (undetermined factors)
Key Qualities of an idea that is made to stick: Simplicity Unexpectedness Concreteness Credibility Emotional Stories
Qualities Simplicity: "How do you strip an idea to its core without turning it into a silly sound bite?" Unexpectedness: "How do you capture people's attention... and hold it?" Concreteness: "How do you help people understand your idea and remember it much later?" Credibility: "How do you get people to believe your idea?" Emotional: "How do you get people to care about your idea?" Stories: "How do you get people to act on your idea?"
Isn’t this Web 2.0 thing just a fad? cognitive surplus Telling about Interview with TV producer looking for the mouse Web 2.0 Expo, April 2008, Clay Shirky Author of the book Here Comes Everybody
Dr. Helen Barrett Researcher & ConsultantElectronic Portfolios & Digital Storytelling for Lifelong and Life Wide Learning email@example.com http://electronicportfolios.org/