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Keynote presentation at AAEEBL West, February 28, 2011, in Salt Lake City.

Keynote presentation at AAEEBL West, February 28, 2011, in Salt Lake City.

Published in Education , Technology
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  • Simon Sinek, in his wonderful TED Talk, discusses How great leaders inspire action – talks about the Golden Circle. Leaders talk a lot about What and How, but really need to focus on Why.
  • Adjectives to describe purpose
  • Who knows what this means?
  • Success in the knowledge economy comes to those who know themselves – their strengths, their values, and how best they perform.
  • Portfolios in Formal Education: Exploring Personal and Professional IdentityBuilding a Professional Online Brand.
  • Every student getting their own domain name. Building a positive digital identity.
  • How do portfolios and reflection fit into the learning process?BEFORE - goal-setting (reflection in the future tense), DURING - immediate reflection (in the present tense), where students write (or dictate) the reason why they chose a specific artifact to include in their collectionAFTER - retrospective (in the past tense) where students look back over a collection of work and describe what they have learned and how they have changed over a period of time (in a Level 3 portfolio)
  • “Portfolios should be less about tellingand more about talking!” Julie Hughes, University of Wolverhampton
  • How do we implement ePortfolios in a manner that engages students and helps achieve the purposes?
  • We have witnessed a revolution in mobile computing this year with the iPad. A new version will be announced on Wednesday. But most of the world has plain mobile phone.
  • Look at the way that technology supports those processes: digitizing/archiving, hyper-linking/embedding, storytelling, collaborating, publishing, aggregating. We need to help students develop lifelong skills that will last after they graduate. If students are using "world ware" (tools in use it the world) then they are developing skills that can be applied in the "real world" outside of formal education. We should also look at how students are naturally using technology in their lives: social networking, mobile communications, capturing and storing images, audio and video, etc. We could build on the tools that students are already using... and look at the intrinsic motivation factors that drive the use of social networking, and apply those factors to the ePortfolio environment: autonomy, mastery and purpose (thanks to Dan Pink's book, Drive). We are looking at a future that is well integrated with mobile devices.
  • 7 languages: English, Catalan, Spanish. German, Russian, Catalan, Mandarin
  • - this evidence of learning can be in the form of text, images, audio or video
  • “the heart and soul of a portfolio” - this reflection could be captured in real time in different formats: writing, voice capture (and voice-to-text conversion), video capture and digital stories- a very important part of the portfolio process is personal development planning and setting goals for achievement
  • one of the most effective uses of a portfolio is to review a learner’s work and providing feedback for improvement- learning is a social activity - technology provides new forms of collaboration
  • - at specific points in the learning process, a learner may put together a presentation of their learning outcomes for an audience, either real or virtual
  • Here is an example
  • Grade 3-5 classroom in Portland using Evernote. Scanner wirelessly emails documents to each student’s Evernote account. Use of tags, software recognizes text in scanned docs.
  • In TELL ME A STORY, Schank argues that storytelling is at the heart of intelligence. We think of storytelling primarily as entertainment, secondarily as a form of art, yet it also—and perhaps more fundamentally—has a cognitive function: Stories help us organize our experience and define our sense of ourselves.
  • Using the computing power we carry in our pockets can dramatically enhance student engagement in documenting and showcasing their own learning. And with other tablets emerging in the market, we have many opportunities for research and implementation.
  • In summary, I’m not convinced that deep reflection can be represented in 140-160 characters of a tweet or SMS message. But this format can be an effective way to document process over time --to capture the moment-- and can later be aggregated and analyzed for deeper understanding. As a current example, the tweets that were coming out of Egypt prior to February 11 told a very compelling story of the revolution as it was happening (as curated and retweeted by PBS’s Andy Carvin [@acarvin] - an incredible service!). We have seen the power of digital media in social change; it can also be part of individual transformation through understanding oneself and showcasing achievements in reflective portfolios.


  • 1. Is the Future ofePortfolios in your pocket?
    Dr. Helen Barrett
    Twitter: @eportfolios
    Western ePortfolio Conference
    Westminster College
    February 28, 2011
  • 2. Discuss!
    Engagement Factors?
    Social networks?
  • 3. Today’s Themes
    Social Networking and ePortfolios
    Purpose – Lifelong Learning
    Process – Focus on Reflection
    Balancing 2 Faces of E-Portfolios
    Web 2.0 & Mobile Tools
    Collecting – “Capture the Moment”
    Reflecting – Blogging & Tweeting
    Digital Storytelling
  • 4. Golden Circle
  • 5. WHAT?
    Audio • Video • Text • Images
    Digital Repository
    Electronic Portfolio
    Multimedia Artifacts
    Social Networks
  • 6. Portfolio
    One Word, Many Meanings
  • 7. Who was the first famous “folio” keeper?
  • 8. Leonardo da Vinci’s Folio
  • 9. 9
    Electronic Portfolios
    almost two decades (since 1991)
    used primarily in education to
    store documents
    reflect on learning
    feedback for improvement
    showcase achievements for accountability or employment
  • 10. 10
    Social networking
    Last six years (or so)
    store documents and share experiences,
    showcase accomplishments,
    communicate and collaborate
    facilitate employment searches
  • 11. E-Portfolio Components
    • Multiple Portfolios for Multiple Purposes-Celebrating Learning-Personal Planning-Transition/entry to courses-Employment applications-Accountability/Assessment
    • 12. Multiple Tools to Support Processes-Capturing & storing evidence-Reflecting-Giving & receiving feedback-Planning & setting goals-Collaborating-Presenting to an audience
    • 13. Digital Repository
    (Becta, 2007; JISC, 2008)
  • 14. WHY?
  • 15. Purpose
    The overarching purpose of portfolios is to create a sense of personal ownership over one’s accomplishments, because ownership engenders feelings of pride, responsibility, and dedication. (p.10)
    Paris, S & Ayres, L. (1994) Becoming Reflective Students and Teachers. American Psychological Association
  • 16. Four key pillars of Lifelong Learning(Barbara Stäuble, Curtin University of Technology, Australia)
  • 17. Knowing the learner (Self-awareness)
    Understanding prior knowledge
    Motivation for and attitudes toward learning
    Help learners understand themselves
    See their growth over time
  • 18. Planning for learning (Self management)
    Setting goals
    Develop a plan to achieve these goals
  • 19. Understanding how to learn (Meta-learning)
    Awareness of learners to different approaches to learning
    Deep vs. Surface Learning, Rote vs. Meaningful Learning
    Different Learning Styles
    Help learners recognize success
    Accommodate approaches that are not successful
  • 20. Evaluating learning (Self monitoring)
    Systematic analysis of learners’ performance
    Responsibility to construct meaning
    Be reflective & think critically
    Learners construct meaning, monitor learning, evaluateown outcomes
  • 21. Deep Learning
    involves reflection,
    is developmental,
    is integrative,
    is self-directive, and
    is lifelong
    Cambridge (2004)
  • 22. Temple at Delphi
    “Know Thyself”
  • 23. Managing Oneself
    Peter Drucker, (2005) Best of Harvard Business Review
    “Success in the knowledge economy comes to those who know themselves – their strengths, their values, and how best they perform.”
    New Purpose: Use ePortfolios for managing knowledge workers' career development
    What are my strengths?
    How do I perform?
    What are my values?
    Where do I belong?
    What should I contribute?
    Responsibility for Relationships
    The Second Half of your Life
  • 24. 5 Reasons Why Your Online Presence Will Replace Your Resume in 10 years
    Social networking use is skyrocketing while email is plummeting
    You can’t find jobs traditionally anymore
    People are managing their careers as entrepreneurs
    The traditional resume is now virtual and easy to build
    Job seeker passion has become the deciding factor in employment
  • 25. Dan Schawbel, Forbes“personal branding guru”
    “Your online presence communicates, or should communicate, what you’re truly and genuinely passionate about… I firmly believe that you won’t be able to obtain and sustain a job without passion anymore.”
  • 26. Lifelong Context for ePortfolios
  • 27. Digital Identity Management
    Saskatchewan Identity Management Project:
  • 28. Passion and Self-Directed Learning
    Lisa Nielsen’s “The Innovative Educator” blog entries:
    Preparing Students for Successby Helping Them Discover and Develop Their Passions (Renzulli’s Total Talent Portfolio)
    10 Ways Technology Supports21st Century Learners in Being Self Directed
  • 29. Processes
    Digital Storytelling
    Social Networking
  • 30. Experiential Learning ModelLewin/Kolb with adaptations by Moon and Zull
    Have an experience
    Reflect on the experience
    Try out what you have learned
    Learn from the experience
  • 31. Portfolio Learning
    Recording Organizing Planning
    Publishing &
    Receiving Feedback
    Sharing &
    Selecting Synthesizing
    & Constructing Meaning
    Figure 2 A model of e-portfolio-based learning, adapted from Kolb (1984)
    JISC, 2008, Effective Practice with e-Portfolios, p. 9
  • 32. What is Reflection?
    Major theoretical roots:
    Dewey: “We do not learn from experience… we learn from reflecting on experience.”
  • 33. Jennifer Moon on Reflection
    Reflection is a form of mental processing – like a form of thinking – that we use to fulfill a purpose or to achieve some anticipated outcome. It is applied to relatively complicated or unstructured ideas for which there is not an obvious solution and is largely based on the further processing of knowledge and understanding and possibly emotions that we already possess (based on Moon 1999)
  • 34. Moon on Reflection
    One of the defining characteristics of surface learning is that it does not involve reflection (p.123)
  • 35. Self-Regulated LearningAbrami, P., et. al. (2008), Encouraging self-regulated learning through electronic portfolios. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, V34(3) Fall 2008.
    Change over Time
  • 36. ePortfolios should be more Conversation
    than Presentation
    Because Conversation transforms!
  • 37. 35
    Similarities in Process
    Major differences:
    extrinsic vs.
    intrinsic motivation
    Elements of True (Intrinsic) Motivation:
  • 38. Successful websites = Type I Approach
    • People feel good about participating.
    • 39. Give users autonomy.
    • 40. Keep system as open as possible.
    - Clay Shirky
  • 41. Portfolios help learners find their Voice…
    and explore their Purpose and Passions through Choice!
  • 42. HOW?
    “Capture the Moment”
  • 43.
  • 44. Why Mobile is a Must
    Kids today are captivated by the personalization and socialization of online tools--the ability to build large networks of friends; share their thoughts, feelings, and goals; and communicate as they wish. …And not only is it possible, it's possible anytime and anywhere, via a plethora of devices and widely available cellular and WiFi networks.
    The upshot is, these digital natives now have in their hands the tools to shape their own education in once unimagined ways. They have the ability to interact with other learners at their convenience, with differences in time and place presenting no hurdle. They can research, on the spot, any topic of interest. And they can capture the moment, whether it's in a picture, a video, or a blog entry.
    -- Mary McCaffrey “Why Mobile is a Must” T.H.E. Journal
  • 45. Mobile Touch: A Guide to Implementing Mobile E-learning in Your Organisation
  • 46. 2011 Horizon Report
    One Year or Less
    Electronic Books
    Mobiles (mentioned in last 3 years)
    Two to Three Years
    Augmented Reality
    Game-Based Learning
    Four to Five Years
    Gesture-Based Computing
    Learning Analytics
    New Media Consortium
  • 47. Mobile Year in Review 2010
  • 48. Posted on ePortfolio Conversations Google Group:
    Question: How to collect evidence of informal learning rather than formal education.
    Response: "Start with SMS [on mobile phones] - it’s the morse codeof the presentgeneration...and it works.”
  • 49. Capture the Moment with Mobile Phones
    SMS messages
    Twitter posts
    Facebook updates
    Any portfolio tools???
  • 50. October 11, 2010,0,1580981.story
  • 51. XO-3
    One Laptop per Child
    Available ~2012 ~$75
    Android-based tablet
  • 52.
  • 53. Using iOS Devices
  • 54. What functions can be achieved with mobile phones for each of these processes?
    Capturing & storing evidence - this evidence of learning can be in the form of text, images, audio or video
    Reflecting - “the heart and soul of a portfolio” - this reflection could be captured in real time in different formats: writing, voice capture (and voice-to-text conversion), video capture and digital stories
    Giving & receiving feedback - one of the most effective uses of a portfolio is to review a learner’s work and providing feedback for improvement
    Planning & setting goals - a very important part of the portfolio process is personal development planning and setting goals for achievement
    Collaborating - learning is a social activity - technology provides new forms of collaboration
    Presenting to an audience - at specific points in the learning process, a learner may put together a presentation of their learning outcomes for an audience, either real or virtual
  • 55. Capturing and Storing Evidence
    Mobile Phones
    Smart Phones
    Camera can capture still images, video
    Record audio?
    Transmit to a website or upload to a computer
    Cameras can capture images and video
    Apps to record audio
    uploaded to a website or uploaded to a computer
    Audio • Video Text • Images
  • 56. Reflection, Goal Setting
    Mobile Phones
    Smart Phones
    SMS reflections to a website (depending on capability of software)
    Needs to be similar to Facebook updates
    Mobile apps for several web-based ePortfolio tools as well as generic tools such as blogs, Twitter, Facebook, etc.
    Video editing tools available for creating digital stories
  • 57. Giving & receiving feedback, Collaboration
    Mobile Phones
    Smart Phones
    NO Feedback? (Can mobile phones read websites to be able to provide feedback/comments?)
    one-to-one collaboration using SMS
    Post directly to web-based accounts, like Facebook and Twitter
    Mobile web browsers should allow reading posts and online documents, and providing comments or co-authoring
    one-to-many collaboration using online communities and services, such as GoogleDocs or wikis
  • 58. Presenting to an Audience
    Mobile Phones
    Smart Phones
    NO (presentations require special tools)
    Some apps are available to create presentations and project with appropriate cable to projector (iPad)
  • 59. MicroVision SHOWWX+ Laser Pico Projector For iPod, iPhone & iPad
    $399 –
  • 60. Creating an ePortfolio with GoogleApps Education or WordPress
    Storage = Google Docs
    Reflective Journal = Blogger or WordPress
    Presentation =Google Sites
  • 61. Level 1 Workspace: Collection of Artifacts in the Cloud
  • 62. With iOS (iPod Touch, iPhone, iPad)
    Text Images Audio Video
    Capture the Moment
  • 63. Integrate file storage with computer and website
    Hyperlink to files in Public folder!
  • 64. Dragon Dictation
    Voice recognition
    Share in many ways
  • 65. EvernoteOne Account, Many Devices
    Capture Anything
    Access Anywhere
    Find Things Fast
    Capture something in one place -- access it from another
    Web page access
    Emailing your memories
    Email notes, snapshots, and audio directly into your account. Emailed notes will go directly into your default notebook.
  • 66.
    a mobile & web platform that effortlessly allows you to record and upload audio for your friends, family or the rest of the world to hear.
    Also Google Voice
  • 67. JotNot Scanner Pro ($.99)
    Scan Multi-page documents
    Remove Shadows & Noise
    Save as PDF
    Email, Fax and Share your Scans
    Send the image directly via email or upload it to cloud storage services including Evernote,, Dropbox, or Google Docs. (not with free version)
  • 68. Mobile Phone Apps for ePortfolios
    U.K. Metacognitives
    • Mahara
    PortfolioUP(more tools under development in N.Z)
    U Minnesota Duluth OSPI
  • 69. iPhone App for PebblePad (U.K.)
  • 70.
  • 71. Speak-to-Tweet bought by Google, January 25, 2011
  • 72. Level 2 Workspace: Learning/Reflective Journal
  • 73. Blogging* by eMail*the act of sharing yourself
    Set up account on website
    Send email to:
    iPhone App
    Call in your posts for audio post to blog
    Cross-post to Facebook & Twitter
    Just email to
    iPhone App
    Cross-post to Facebook & Twitter
  • 74. More PebblePad Screens
  • 75. Reflection with WordPress App
  • 76. Post to from Mobile
    Send email to pre-arranged email address
    Use BlogPressiOS app ($2.99)
    Set up Blogger Mobile and send SMS
  • 77. Level 3: Showcase Portfolio
    Level 3: Primary Purpose: Showcase/Accountability
  • 78. Learner-Centered Philosophy
    "A portfolio tells a story. It is the story of knowing. Knowing about things... Knowing oneself... Knowing an audience... Portfolios are students' own stories of what they know, why they believe they know it, and why others should be of the same opinion.” (Paulson & Paulson, 1991, p.2)
  • 79. Telling stories and listening to other people's stories shape the memories we have of our experiences.
    Roger Schank, Tell Me a Story
  • 80. Digital Storytelling Process
    Create a 2-to-4 minute digital video clip
    First person narrative [begins with a written script ~ 400 words]
    Told in their own voice [record script]
    Illustrated (mostly) by still images
    Music track to add emotional tone
  • 81. Video Editing on iOS
    iMovie $4.99
    ReelDirector $3.99
    Splice $1.99
  • 82. In Summary
  • 83. A Reminder…
    Reflection & Relationships
    … the “Heart and Soul” of an ePortfolio…
    NOT the Technology!
  • 84. My Final Wish…
    dynamic celebrations
    stories of deep learning
    across the lifespan
  • 85. Dr. Helen Barrett
    Researcher & ConsultantElectronic Portfolios & Digital Storytelling for Lifelong and Life Wide Learning