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Communicative language teaching

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  • 1. Elvis Plaza EDPE 3018September 2012
  • 2.  Introduce the Communicative Language Approach in Language Teaching CLT General Objectives and Purpose Teaching Techniques Teaching Example
  • 3.  Introduce the Communicative Language Teaching approach, and how was this approach developed in teaching languages. Present the CLT objectives in language teaching and teaching techniques examples.
  • 4.  CLT origins, can be found in changes in the British Language teaching tradition in the 1960s. Back then, the Situational Language teaching approach was the norm. SLT consisted in internalizing the structures of a language. Mostly, learning grammar rules without vocabulary development.
  • 5.  The SLT did not fill the need to develop language competence in Language teaching. A group of experts saw the need to focus in communicative proficiency rather than mastery of structures. (Richards, J.C. & Rodgers, T.S. p.64) Sandra J. Savignon, Christopher Candlin, D.A. Wilkins and Henry Widdowson along with others promoted the CLT approach. Along with the changes in Europe it helped to reform the language teaching.
  • 6.  The objective of language learning is: to learn to express communication functions and categories of meaning. Purpose of CLT: Let students communicate fluently in a target language (L2). Develop “communicative competence”(Hymes, 1972). Contrary to the traditional Grammar translation methods. Lists, rules, translations
  • 7.  Use Language as: ◦ means of communication ◦ object of learning ◦ means of expressing values Focus on communication rather than structure Language learning within the school curriculum Focus on meaningful tasks Collaboration
  • 8.  The learner role as a negotiator, between himself, the learning process, interaction with the group’s activities and classroom procedures. In other words, the learner should contribute as much as he gains in the classroom, learning in an interdependent way. (Richards J., C., Rodgers T. S.(p.77).
  • 9.  Two main roles: First, to facilitate the communication process between all participants in the classroom, and a guide between students activities and texts. Second, to act as an independent participant within the learning-teaching group. (Richards J.C., Rodgers T. S.(p.77).
  • 10.  Materials are seen as a way of influencing the quality of classroom interaction and language use. They have promote communicative language use. Some Instructional Materials are: Visual cues Taped cues Pictures
  • 11.  Realia Wh- questions (Why, What, When, Where, Who) Games Role Plays Simulations
  • 12.  Exercise types and activities compatible with the CLT, are unlimited. If they help to engage in communication they are welcome. Information sharing, negotiation of meaning and interaction.
  • 13.  Communicating behind a screen to give instructions on how to draw a picture or shape Follow directions Conversation and discussion sessions Dialogues and role plays Simulations Improvisations Debates
  • 14.  Students will work in pairs and communicate with their partner. They will answer the questions and organize which animals can go in each box. They are many good answers.
  • 15.  During research, I realized that my elementary teachers rarely used this teaching approach. I rarely got any oral practice in my English class. Therefore, to my future students I plan to use this approach so that they can lose the fear of speaking a second language. I will help them overcome their fears and boost their confidence by the different techniques available.
  • 16.  This approach can help future teachers develop their students’ oral communication skills. Students will lose the fear of communicating in a second language, in this case English as a Second Language. (ESL) It can help promote confidence and security in the classroom environment, in everyday use, and when travelling abroad.
  • 17.  Richards, J. C. Rodgers, T. S. (1992). Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching. New York: Cambridge University Press. Littlewood, W. (1981). Communicative Language Teaching an I ntroduction. London: Cambridge University Press. Nunan, D. (1999). Second Language Teaching & Learning. New York: Heinle & Heinle Publishers. Sun, G. & Cheng, L. (Spring 2002). From Context to Curriculum: A Case Study of Communicative Language Teaching in China. [Electronic version]. TESL Canada Journal. VOL. 19, NO.2. Retrieved August 29, 2012, from the Eric database. Criado, R. & Sánchez A. (2009). English Language Teaching in Spain: Do Textbooks Comply with the Official Methodological Regulations? A Sample Analysis. [Electronic version]. University of Murcia Publications. IJES, vol. 9 (1). Orwig, C. J. (1999, March 21). Communicative Language Teaching. Retrieved: August 28, 2012, from SIL International, 1999. Web site: http://www.sil.org/lingualinks/LANGUAGELEARNING/WaysToApproachLa nguageLearning/CommunicativeLanguageTeaching.htm

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