Public Lands in the US 35% of land belongs to federal government Large percentage in Alaska 60% of this land is in the western US
Multiple-Use Lands 1. National Forest System 156 Forests 20 Grasslands Logging, mining, livestock grazing, farming, oil and gas extraction, recreation, sport hunting and fishing and commercial fishing, conservation of watershed, soil, wildlife Managed by the US Forest Service Principle of sustainable yield Principle of multiple use
More multi-use lands 2. National Resource Lands Managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Provides secure domestic supply of energy and strategic minerals Preserves rangelands for livestock grazing under a permit system
Moderately Restricted-Use Lands National Wildlife Refuges 508 refuges, containing 95 million acres Managed by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (Department of the Interior) Most protect habitats for waterfowl and big game for hunters Other uses such as sport hunting, trapping, sport and commercial fishing, oil and gas development, mining, logging, grazing, and farming permitted (if deemed compatible)
Bryce Canyon NationalPark Hoodoos at sunrise Bristlecone Pine – longest lived species on earth
Restricted-Use Lands 1. National Park System Managed by the National Park Service Includes parks, recreational areas, monuments, memorials, battlefields, historic sites, parkways, trails, rivers, seashores, and lakeshores. Parks allow camping, hiking, fishing, and boating Recreational areas also allow hunting, mining, and oil and gas drilling
Restricted-Use Lands 2. National Wilderness Preservation System Roadless areas Within National Parks, National Wildlife Refuges, and National Forests Managed by the National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and the U.S. Forest Service Goal is to leave these areas “unimpaired” for future use and enjoyment as wilderness” Allows hiking, sport fishing, camping, non- motorized boating, some hunting and horseback riding
Other preserves Adirondack Park Preserve Private, non-profit organizations The Nature Conservancy
Wild and Scenic Rivers • National System protects 12,598 miles of 203 rivers in 38 states and Puerto Rico (2011) This is one-quarter of 1% of the nations rivers By comparison, more than 75,000 large dams across the country have modified at least 600,000 miles, or about 17%, of American rivers.
Rivers are classified aswild, scenic, orrecreational. Wild river areas — Those rivers or sections of rivers that are free of impoundments and generally inaccessible except by trail, with watersheds or shorelines essentially primitive and waters unpolluted. These represent vestiges of primitive America. Scenic river areas — Those rivers or sections of rivers that are free of impoundments, with shorelines or watersheds still largely primitive and shorelines largely undeveloped, but accessible in places by roads. Recreational river areas — Those rivers or sections of rivers that are readily accessible by road or railroad, that may have some development along their shorelines, and that may have undergone some impoundment or diversion in the past.
Four Federal Agencies Bureau of Land Management National Park Service U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Forest Service
Alagnak River, Alaska http://www.rivers.gov/wildriverslist.html