Chapter 10: Protected Lands


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Chapter 10: Protected Lands

  1. 1. SustainingEcosystems:For ests,Rangelands, Par ksand W ilder ness
  2. 2. First national park inthe world: Yellowstone
  3. 3. Public Lands in the US  35% of land belongs to federal government  Large percentage in Alaska  60% of this land is in the western US
  4. 4. Multiple-Use Lands 1. National Forest System  156 Forests  20 Grasslands  Logging, mining, livestock grazing, farming, oil and gas extraction, recreation, sport hunting and fishing and commercial fishing, conservation of watershed, soil, wildlife  Managed by the US Forest Service  Principle of sustainable yield  Principle of multiple use
  5. 5. More multi-use lands 2. National Resource Lands  Managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM)  Provides secure domestic supply of energy and strategic minerals  Preserves rangelands for livestock grazing under a permit system
  6. 6. Red Rock CanyonNational Forest
  7. 7. Bureau of LandManagement
  8. 8. Moderately Restricted-Use Lands  National Wildlife Refuges  508 refuges, containing 95 million acres  Managed by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (Department of the Interior)  Most protect habitats for waterfowl and big game for hunters  Other uses such as sport hunting, trapping, sport and commercial fishing, oil and gas development, mining, logging, grazing, and farming permitted (if deemed compatible)
  9. 9. Montezuma WildlifeRefuge, New York
  10. 10. Arctic NationalWildlife Refuge, Alaska
  11. 11. National RefugeSystem
  12. 12. Bryce Canyon NationalPark Hoodoos at sunrise Bristlecone Pine – longest lived species on earth
  13. 13. Restricted-Use Lands 1. National Park System  Managed by the National Park Service  Includes parks, recreational areas, monuments, memorials, battlefields, historic sites, parkways, trails, rivers, seashores, and lakeshores.  Parks allow camping, hiking, fishing, and boating  Recreational areas also allow hunting, mining, and oil and gas drilling
  14. 14. Everglades NationalPark
  15. 15. Zion National Park
  16. 16. Giant Sequoias atKings Canyon NationalPark
  17. 17. SequoiaNationalPark
  18. 18. Restricted-Use Lands 2. National Wilderness Preservation System  Roadless areas  Within National Parks, National Wildlife Refuges, and National Forests  Managed by the National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and the U.S. Forest Service  Goal is to leave these areas “unimpaired” for future use and enjoyment as wilderness”  Allows hiking, sport fishing, camping, non- motorized boating, some hunting and horseback riding
  19. 19. Other preserves  Adirondack Park Preserve  Private, non-profit organizations  The Nature Conservancy
  20. 20. Adirondack ParkPreserveView from Mt. Marcy© 2002 Gary Randorf. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
  21. 21. Adirondack ParkPreserve West Branch ofAusable River© 2002 Gary Randorf. Used by permission. All rights reserved. National Geographic Article: The Adirondack Park
  22. 22. The NatureConservancyChaumont Preserve,NY
  23. 23. The NatureConservancyThousand Acre Swamp
  24. 24. Wild and Scenic Rivers • National System protects 12,598 miles of 203 rivers in 38 states and Puerto Rico (2011)  This is one-quarter of 1% of the nations rivers  By comparison, more than 75,000 large dams across the country have modified at least 600,000 miles, or about 17%, of American rivers.
  25. 25. Rivers are classified aswild, scenic, orrecreational.  Wild river areas — Those rivers or sections of rivers that are free of impoundments and generally inaccessible except by trail, with watersheds or shorelines essentially primitive and waters unpolluted. These represent vestiges of primitive America.  Scenic river areas — Those rivers or sections of rivers that are free of impoundments, with shorelines or watersheds still largely primitive and shorelines largely undeveloped, but accessible in places by roads.  Recreational river areas — Those rivers or sections of rivers that are readily accessible by road or railroad, that may have some development along their shorelines, and that may have undergone some impoundment or diversion in the past.
  26. 26. Four Federal Agencies  Bureau of Land Management  National Park Service  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service  U.S. Forest Service
  27. 27. Alagnak River, Alaska 