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Amateurs and Professionals in Information Technology
 

Amateurs and Professionals in Information Technology

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This is a talk I gave while a guest of Greg Downey at the School of Information Studies, University of Wisconsin, Madison

This is a talk I gave while a guest of Greg Downey at the School of Information Studies, University of Wisconsin, Madison

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  • A handful of people responded to that ad, and later that year Jim sent seven of them the first issue of The Videophile’s Newsletter. In that first 4-page issue he wrote about collecting videotapes in short, hand-typed paragraphs: “What I would most like to do is trade tapes with those of you who are willing to keep an eye out for my wants, while I will, of course, do the same for you. At present I have neither the time nor the inclination to be a taping service (e.g. tape every episode of certain shows every day for someone). As much as possible I would like to keep things on a strict hobby-type nonprofit basis. I have no desire to gouge you for the opportunity to see shows that are of interest to you if it is within my ability to bring them to you.” In the following two pages, Jim outlined the specific shows he was interested in, even going so far as to include the TV Guide listings from their original air date.
  • A handful of people responded to that ad, and later that year Jim sent seven of them the first issue of The Videophile’s Newsletter. In that first 4-page issue he wrote about collecting videotapes in short, hand-typed paragraphs: “What I would most like to do is trade tapes with those of you who are willing to keep an eye out for my wants, while I will, of course, do the same for you. At present I have neither the time nor the inclination to be a taping service (e.g. tape every episode of certain shows every day for someone). As much as possible I would like to keep things on a strict hobby-type nonprofit basis. I have no desire to gouge you for the opportunity to see shows that are of interest to you if it is within my ability to bring them to you.” In the following two pages, Jim outlined the specific shows he was interested in, even going so far as to include the TV Guide listings from their original air date.
  • A handful of people responded to that ad, and later that year Jim sent seven of them the first issue of The Videophile’s Newsletter. In that first 4-page issue he wrote about collecting videotapes in short, hand-typed paragraphs: “What I would most like to do is trade tapes with those of you who are willing to keep an eye out for my wants, while I will, of course, do the same for you. At present I have neither the time nor the inclination to be a taping service (e.g. tape every episode of certain shows every day for someone). As much as possible I would like to keep things on a strict hobby-type nonprofit basis. I have no desire to gouge you for the opportunity to see shows that are of interest to you if it is within my ability to bring them to you.” In the following two pages, Jim outlined the specific shows he was interested in, even going so far as to include the TV Guide listings from their original air date.
  • shift gears
  • folksonomy,
  • The Turk was a famous hoax which purported to be a chess-playing machine. Constructed and unveiled in 1770 by the Hungarian baron Wolfgang von Kempelen (1734&#x2013;1804), the mechanism appeared to be able to play a strong game of chess against a human opponent, as well as perform the knight&apos;s tour, a puzzle which requires the player to move a knight to occupy every square of a chess board once and only once. <br /> <br /> Publicly promoted as an automaton, the Turk was given its common name based on its appearance, and was a mechanical illusion that allowed a human chess master to hide inside and operate the machine. With a skilled operator, the Turk won most of the games it played. The apparatus was demonstrated around Europe and the United States of America for over 80 years until its destruction in 1854, playing and defeating many challengers including statesmen such as Napoleon Bonaparte and Benjamin Franklin.
  • Surowiecki makes an important point about tagging, and about crowd wisdom in general: it only works when individuals aren&#x2019;t conscious of the larger crowd.

Amateurs and Professionals in Information Technology Amateurs and Professionals in Information Technology Presentation Transcript

  • Amateur 2.0 Thinking about Labor in the Web 2.0 era
  • Videophiles ca. 1977
  • Videophile Community
  • Videophile Community “[In 1976] I used to lug my 50 pound SL7200 over to [a friend’s] house, we’d go up in his attic, where we had some room, and we dubbed tapes, and I’d bring it back that night or the next day to my house.”
  • Videophile Community “[In 1976] I used to lug my 50 pound SL7200 over to [a friend’s] house, we’d go up in his attic, where we had some room, and we dubbed tapes, and I’d bring it back that night or the next day to my house.” Tinkering to connect Betamaxes for dubbing
  • Videophile Community “[In 1976] I used to lug my 50 pound SL7200 over to [a friend’s] house, we’d go up in his attic, where we had some room, and we dubbed tapes, and I’d bring it back that night or the next day to my house.” Tinkering to connect Betamaxes for dubbing Taping parties
  • Videophile Community “[In 1976] I used to lug my 50 pound SL7200 over to [a friend’s] house, we’d go up in his attic, where we had some room, and we dubbed tapes, and I’d bring it back that night or the next day to my house.” Tinkering to connect Betamaxes for dubbing Taping parties Video conventions (Video Collectors of Ohio, etc.)
  • “What I would most like to do is trade tapes with those of you who are willing to keep an eye out for my wants, while I will, of course, do the same for you. At present I have neither the time nor the inclination to be a taping service (e.g. tape every episode of certain shows every day for someone). As much as possible I would like to keep things on a strict hobby-type nonprofit basis. I have no desire to gouge you for the opportunity to see shows that are of interest to you if it is within my ability to bring them to you.” (Jim Lowe, The Videophile’s Newsletter, 1976)
  • “What I would most like to do is trade tapes with those of you who are willing to keep an eye out for my wants, while I will, of course, do the same for you. At present I have neither the time nor the inclination to be a taping service (e.g. tape every episode of certain shows every day for someone). As much as possible I would like to keep things on a strict hobby-type nonprofit basis. I have no desire to gouge you for the opportunity to see shows that are of interest to you if it is within my ability to bring them to you.” (Jim Lowe, The Videophile’s Newsletter, 1976)
  • “What I would most like to do is trade tapes with those of you who are willing to keep an eye out for my wants, while I will, of course, do the same for you. At present I have neither the time nor the inclination to be a taping service (e.g. tape every episode of certain shows every day for someone). As much as possible I would like to keep things on a strict hobby-type nonprofit basis. I have no desire to gouge you for the opportunity to see shows that are of interest to you if it is within my ability to bring them to you.” (Jim Lowe, The Videophile’s Newsletter, 1976)
  • “Amateurs”
  • Videophiles
  • Videophiles Audiophiles
  • Videophiles Audiophiles Computer Hackers
  • Videophiles Audiophiles Computer Hackers Hot Rod Tinkerers
  • Videophiles Audiophiles Computer Hackers Hot Rod Tinkerers Ham Radio Operators
  • Videophiles Audiophiles Computer Hackers Hot Rod Tinkerers Ham Radio Operators DIY Culture
  • “Amateurs”
  • “Professionals”
  • Professional vs. Amateur
  • Professional vs. Amateur Outward motivation
  • Professional vs. Amateur Outward motivation Market, client, salary
  • Professional vs. Amateur Outward motivation Market, client, salary “Work” (valuable)
  • Professional vs. Amateur Outward motivation Market, client, salary “Work” (valuable) Employee, Labor
  • Professional vs. Amateur Outward motivation Inward motivation Market, client, salary “Work” (valuable) Employee, Labor
  • Professional vs. Amateur Outward motivation Inward motivation Market, client, “Love” salary “Work” (valuable) Employee, Labor
  • Professional vs. Amateur Outward motivation Inward motivation Market, client, “Love” salary “Leisure” (frivolous) “Work” (valuable) Employee, Labor
  • Professional vs. Amateur Outward motivation Inward motivation Market, client, “Love” salary “Leisure” (frivolous) “Work” (valuable) Enthusiast, Hobbyist Employee, Labor
  • Professional vs. Amateur mac vs. pc
  • Why Study Amateurs?
  • Why Study Amateurs? Point us toward overlooked sites/ populations
  • Why Study Amateurs? Point us toward overlooked sites/ populations Examine the gray areas of production and consumption
  • Why Study Amateurs? Point us toward overlooked sites/ populations Examine the gray areas of production and consumption Better understand the relationship between identity and work
  • Zotero
  • demo
  • Zotero Server
  • Zotero Server Seamless backup, remote access to database
  • Zotero Server Seamless backup, remote access to database Sharing / Collaboration
  • Zotero Server Seamless backup, remote access to database Sharing / Collaboration Social tagging
  • Zotero Server Seamless backup, remote access to database Sharing / Collaboration Social tagging Granular item & folder-level permissions (view/edit items, attachments, notes)
  • Web 2.0 Source: O’Reilly, “What is Web 2.0” (http:// www.oreillynet.com/lpt/a/6228)
  • Web 2.0 Coined by Tim O’Reilly Source: O’Reilly, “What is Web 2.0” (http:// www.oreillynet.com/lpt/a/6228)
  • Web 2.0 Coined by Tim O’Reilly “The central principle behind the success of the giants born in the Web 1.0 era who have survived to lead the Web 2.0 era appears to be this, that they have embraced the power of the Source: O’Reilly, “What is Web 2.0” (http:// www.oreillynet.com/lpt/a/6228)
  • Source: O’Reilly, “What is Web 2.0” (http:// www.oreillynet.com/lpt/a/6228)
  • Source: O’Reilly, “What is Web 2.0” (http:// www.oreillynet.com/lpt/a/6228)
  • Amateurs on the Web
  • Amateurs on the Web Bloggers
  • Amateurs on the Web Bloggers Wikipedia
  • Amateurs on the Web Bloggers Wikipedia YouTube
  • YouTube
  • but...
  • Collaborative Filtering
  • Folksonomy
  • Folksonomy I collect things, and tag with keywords so that I can find them later.
  • Folksonomy I collect things, and tag with keywords so that I can find them later. You do the same thing.
  • Folksonomy I collect things, and tag with keywords so that I can find them later. You do the same thing. Software aggregates and statistically processes individual choices into one meta-archive.
  • Flickr
  • Upcoming
  • “Leveraging Solipsism” - Peter Merholz, Adaptive Path
  • What’s the crowd doing?
  • What’s the crowd doing? Producing value
  • What’s the crowd doing? Producing value Not paid
  • What’s the crowd doing? Producing value Not paid Not intentional
  • What’s the crowd doing? Producing value Not paid Not intentional Doesn’t fit standard definition of “work”
  • What’s the crowd doing? Producing value Not paid Not intentional Doesn’t fit standard definition of “work”
  • “Amateur”
  • “Amateur” not about skill
  • “Amateur” not about skill not about payment
  • “Amateur” not about skill not about payment (”gift economy”)
  • “Amateur” not about skill not about payment (”gift economy”) about identity and intention
  • “Amateur” not about skill not about payment (”gift economy”) about identity and intention actions are undertaken for their own sake, “for love of” the action itself
  • So what?