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American psychological association (apa)
American psychological association (apa)
American psychological association (apa)
American psychological association (apa)
American psychological association (apa)
American psychological association (apa)
American psychological association (apa)
American psychological association (apa)
American psychological association (apa)
American psychological association (apa)
American psychological association (apa)
American psychological association (apa)
American psychological association (apa)
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American psychological association (apa)

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Gurdip Saini

Gurdip Saini

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  • 1. Citation And References <br />American Psychological Association (APA)<br />
  • 2. Contents<br />
  • 3. What Is APA<br />American Psychological Association (APA)<br />Ensure Clear And Consistent Presentation Of Written Material<br />Editorial style concerns uniform use of such elements as:<br /><ul><li>Punctuation And Abbreviations
  • 4. Construction Of Tables
  • 5. Selection Of Headings
  • 6. Citation Of References, And 
  • 7. Presentation Of Statistics</li></li></ul><li>
  • 8. APA Citation <br />Use author-date citation system<br />Listed alphabetically<br />The author’s surname and year of publication <br />For direct quotation - include the page or specific location of phase or sentence in the original work <br />Example :<br />Kessler (2002) found that among epidemiological sample …<br />Early onset results in a more persistent and severe course (Kessler, 2003)<br />"I think it's the reinforcement" (Pauling, 2004, p. 69).<br />
  • 9. Basic Citation System <br />
  • 10. Cite Two or More Work <br />Arrange citation alphabetically in the same order which they appear in the references list. <br />Example :<br />Example :<br />If an author has multiple publications that you wish to cite, you use a comma to separate the years of publication in chronological order<br />Several Study (Miller, 1999; Shafransker& Mahoney, 1998) <br />Recent studies have found a possible genetic cause of alcoholism (Pauling, 2004, 2005a, 2005b).<br />
  • 11. Cite Electronic Sources<br />cite an electronic document the same as any other document by using the author-date style.<br />Example :<br />Example :<br />If no author or date is given, use the title in your signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n.d." (for "no date").<br />Another study of students and research decisions discovered that students succeeded with tutoring ("Tutoring and APA," n.d.).<br />Kenneth (2000) explained...<br />
  • 12.
  • 13. Print Source<br />Reference content of following component:<br />Author name or names<br />Publication date <br />Title of the work <br />Publication data<br />Example :<br />Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.<br />Transom, Z., & Rutherford, S. (1991, October). The Relationship Between Occasional Writer's Block and Fear of Technology. Psychology Today, 27, 82-88.<br />
  • 14. ElectronicSources<br />Reference content of following component:<br />Author name or names<br />Publication date <br />Title of the work <br />Publication data<br />Example :<br />Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Online Periodical, volume number(issue number if available). Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/<br />Wagner J. et al. (2010, January 11). APA Format and Style Guide.Retrieved February 16, 2010, from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/<br />
  • 15.
  • 16. Reference<br />American Psychological Association (APA, 2001). Publication Manual Of The American Psychological Association 5th ed. APA Editorial Style, 3, 77-215.<br />America Psychological Association. (2010). Basic APA Style Tutorial. Retrieved February 16, 2010, from http://flash1r.apa.org/apastyle/basics/index.htm<br />Wagner J. et al. (2010, January 11). APA Format and Style Guide. Retrieved February 16, 2010, from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/<br />Wikimedia Foundation Inc. (2010, February 8). APA style. Retrieved February 16, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/APA_style<br />Writinghelp-central.com. (2010). APA Format or APA Style. Retrieved February 16, 2010, from http://www.writinghelp-central.com/apa.html<br />

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