Lesson 4.notebook September 21, 2012 September 21, 2012 Agenda: • Spelling & Vocabulary > Unit 3 Spelling Post Test > Unit 3 Vocab PreTest • Grammar > Lesson 4 • Literature > Maniac Magee Homework: • Independent Reading Sheet & Log #3 due Friday, 9/28 1
Lesson 4.notebook September 21, 2012 Lesson 4: Nouns and Their Jobs Nouns are found in many different places within a sentence. They have three main jobs. 1. Nouns as SUBJECTS: Subject tells who or what the sentence is about. Find the subjects in the following sentences: The Aztec Empire was located in the area now known as Mexico. Tenochtitian was the capital of the Aztec Empire. Invaders entered Tenochtitian in 1519. 2
Lesson 4.notebook September 21, 2012 2. Nouns as Complements *Complement is a word that completes the meaning of a verb. When a noun is a complement it may be a predicate noun, direct object, or indirect object. Predicate Noun: renames or defines the subject after a linking verb The Aztecs were fierce warriors . Direct Object: names the receiver of the action of the verb Spanish soldiers defeated the Aztec Empire in 1521. Indirect Object : tells to whom or what or for whom or what an action is done The Aztecs gave the Spanish gold and other precious goods. 3
Lesson 4.notebook September 21, 2012 3. Nouns as Objects of Prepositions An object of a preposition is the noun or pronoun that follows the preposition. Nouns often appear in sentences as objects of prepositions. Commonly Used Prepositions about against along among around as above at before behind below beneath across beside between beyond by off after despite down during except for from in inside intro like near of on out over past through to toward under until up with within without 4
Lesson 4.notebook September 21, 2012 Identify each underlined noun as a Subject (S), Complement (C), or Object of a Preposition (OP) 1. The Inca lived in the Andes Mountains in South America. 2. Cuzco was their capital. 3. The Inca were excellent ecord keepers. r 4. They invented the uipu to keep track of their oods. q g 5
Lesson 4.notebook September 21, 2012 5. The quipu was a long cord with many strings. 6. Clerks tied knots in the strings in different patterns. 7. The Inca also built excellent roads. 8. Their system of roads carried runners across deep gorges. 6
Lesson 4.notebook September 21, 2012 11/9/10 Agenda: +Check Homework +Chapter 2 Study Guide Homework: +Finish Study Guide--bring back completed tomorrow! 8
Lesson 4.notebook September 21, 2012 4. He planned an expedition to find the ruins. 5. Stephens gave artist Frederick Catherwood a chance to go along on the trip. 6. In 1839, the two men explored a humid jungle in Honduras. 7. As they hacked through the thinkvegetation, the came upon a tall stone pillar. 8. They also uncovered buildings overgrown with lush vines. 9. Their discovery was an ancient city. 10. Catherwoods drawings sparked interest in Mayan cities. 9
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