Ch. 5, Lessons 1-2

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Ch. 5, Lessons 1-2

  1. 1. Language Arts Elective Agenda April 12, 2012->Chapter 5: Adjectives and Adverbs -Lesson 1: What is an Adjective? -Lesson 2: Predicate AdjectivesHomework:Lessons 1-2 Worksheet 1
  2. 2. Lesson 1: What is an Adjective?->An adjective is a word that modifies, or describes, a noun or pronoun. A heavy rainstorm soaked the campsite.Adjectives help you see, feel, taste, hear, and smell all the experiences youread about. Notice how adjectives make the second sentence in this pairmore descriptive. Coyotes startled the campers. Noisy coyotes started the sleepy campers.Adjectives answer the questions: what kind, which one, how many, and how much.What kind? green backpack sturdy tent spicy stewWhich one(s)? last hamburger third hike every lanternHow many/much? two flashlights many insects little moonlight 2
  3. 3. ArticlesThe most commonly used adjectives are the articles a, an, and the. A andan are used with singular nouns.Use a before a word beginning with a consonant sound: a tent a candle a lampUse an before a word beginning with a vowel sound: an elephant an axe an unusual soundThe is the article that points to a particular person, place, thing or idea.You can use the with singular and plural nouns. The hiker stopped on the trail and dropped the camera.Use the when you want to refer to a specific person, place, thing, or idea.Use a and an when you want to be less specific. Did the team leader being a first-aid kit? 3
  4. 4. Many adjectives are formed from common and proper nouns.rain Chinascene Irelandbeauty Portugal 4
  5. 5. Underline each adjective once and the noun it modifies twice. Circle all articles.1. Central Park is now an American landmark.2. It was once a dirty swamp that was filled with ugly shacks and muchgarbage.3. In 1858 there was a national competition for a plan to turn the spotinto an attractive park.4. People tried to imagine a place where New Yorkers could enjoy thegreat outdoors.5. The park took the builders sixteen years to complete.6. The landscape includes green meadows, lakes, ponds, woods, andbeautiful gardens. 5
  6. 6. Lesson 2: Predicate Adjectives->A predicate adjective is an adjective that follows a linking verband describes the verbs subject. (The linking verb connects thepredicate adjective with the subject. A volcanic eruption is violent. It is explosive.Predicate adjectives can follow linking verbs other than forms of be.Forms of taste, smell, feel, look, become, and seem are often used aslinking verbs. The lava looks thick. Lava becomes hard when it cools. 6
  7. 7. Underline each predicate adjective once and the noun it modifies twice.1. For more than 120 years, Mount St. Helens, a volcano in the Washingtonarea, was inactive.2. Then the volcano became dangerous.3. In 1980 eruptions were responsible for widespread damage.4. The blasts were thunderous.5. After hot ask started fires, the air smelled smoky.6. The sky became very dark as ash fell like snow.7. Long after the eruption, pumice, a kind of volcanic rock, still felt hot.8. Following the blast, tall forests looked very flat. 7
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