The plural
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The plural

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The plural in English

The plural in English

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    The plural The plural Presentation Transcript

    • THE PLURAL in ENGLISH
    • The pluralof mostnouns ismade by dog dogsadding -s house houses
    • If the singular ends in consonant + y, the plural isnormally made by changing y to i and adding –es. Singular Plural Baby babies Lady ladies Ferry ferries Party parties
    • If the singular ends in vowel + y, the plural is made byadding –s. Singular Plural day days boy boys guy guys donkey donkeysProper names ending in consonant + y, usually haveplurals in –ys.Do you know the Kennedys?
    • What are the plural forms of these words? citys cities city tray trays traies valley valleys valleies family familys families trolley trolleys trolleies lorry lorrys lorries monkey monkeys monkeies
    • If the singular ends in – ch, -sh, -s, -x or –z, the plural ismade by adding –es. Singular Plural church churches crash crashes bus buses box boxes buzz buzzesNouns ending in a single –z have plurals in –zzes.Quiz → quizzes
    • Some nouns ending in –o have plurals in –es. The mostcommon: Singular Plural echo echoes hero heroes negro negroes potato potatoes tomato tomatoes
    • Nouns ending in vowel + o have plurals in –s. Radios / zoos So do the following, and most new words ending in –o thatcome into the language: Singular Plural kilo kilos logo logos piano pianos photo photos
    • The following words can have plurals in –s or –es; -es is more coomon. Singular Plural buffalo buffalo(e)s mosquito moquito(e)s tornado tornado(e)s volcano volcano(e)s
    • Irregular and special plurals
    • The following nouns ending in –f(e) haveplurals in –ves. Singular Plural half halves knife knives leaf leaves life lives wife wives shelf shelves
    • Irregular pluralsSingular Pluralchild childrenfoot feetgoose geeseman menmouse miceox oxenperson peopletooth teethwoman women
    • Some words ending in –s don’t change in the plural. Common Examples: Series Crossroads Species Sheep Deer Fish Aircraft Spacecraft Chinese (and other nationality nouns ending in –ese)
    • Note that some singular uncountable nouns end in –s and they have no plural.NewsBilliardsMeaslesand most words ending in –icsMathematicsPhysicsathletics
    • Summary- Consonant + -y → -ies- Vowel + -y → -ys- -sh, -ch, -s, -x & -z→ -es- -o → -oes or -os- -f(e) → -ves- Some words have irregular plurals- Some words don’t have plural form- Some words are the same in singular and plural