High-tech Healthcare Symposium: BIM for High-tech Healthcare

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Presentation delivered to the High-tech Healthcare Symposium in SF on October 21, 2008. Topics include: intro to BIM & 3D technology, relationship to current construction technology, BIM & sustainability, how BIM alters the \"risk = cost\" equation.

Published in: Technology, Design, Business

High-tech Healthcare Symposium: BIM for High-tech Healthcare

  1. 1. Virtual Environments Altering the “Cost = Risk” Equation <ul><li>Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship to Construction Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Waste Reduction </li></ul><ul><li>The “Risk = Cost” Equation </li></ul>
  2. 2. 1. Technology Introduction <ul><li>Virtual Simulation/Pre-visualization </li></ul><ul><li>Building Information Modeling (BIM) </li></ul><ul><li>3D Laser Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Clash Detection </li></ul>
  3. 3. Virtual Environments Pre-visualization Simulation
  4. 6. Virtual Equipment Simulation
  5. 7. Design Visualization
  6. 8. Design Visualization
  7. 9. Building Information Modeling (BIM)
  8. 10. BIM is a Database
  9. 11. BIM is a 3D Database
  10. 13. A Federated Model
  11. 14. High Definition Scanning (3D Laser Scanning)
  12. 15. 3D Laser Survey Point Cloud 3D Solids Model
  13. 17. Clash Detection (Pre-coordination)
  14. 18. Clash Detection & Coordination Where is the coordination error? Structural Plan Mechanical Plan
  15. 20. 2. Relationship to Current Construction Technology <ul><li>3D Shop Drawings </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Fabrication </li></ul><ul><li>Prefabrication </li></ul>
  16. 21. 3D Shop Drawings
  17. 22. Image courtesy of Marelich Mechanical
  18. 23. Image courtesy of Marelich Mechanical
  19. 24. Direct Fabrication
  20. 25. Images courtesy of Marelich Mechanical Direct Fabrication
  21. 26. Direct Fabrication
  22. 27. Direct Fabrication
  23. 28. Direct Fabrication
  24. 29. Prefabrication
  25. 30. Prefabrication
  26. 31. Prefabrication
  27. 32. Prefabrication
  28. 33. Prefabrication
  29. 34. <ul><li>HVAC </li></ul><ul><li>Plumbing </li></ul><ul><li>Structural Steel </li></ul><ul><li>Precast Concrete </li></ul><ul><li>Rebar </li></ul><ul><li>Steel Stud Walls </li></ul><ul><li>Curtain Walls, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Millwork </li></ul><ul><li>Unit Restrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratories </li></ul>3D Capable Trades
  30. 35. Relative Sophistication Disparity <ul><ul><li>General Contractors (Very Low to Low) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineers (Very Low to Moderate) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architects (Low to Moderate) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subcontractors (Varies, some extremely high) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximize advantage of sophisticated players </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance process for Subs already using 3D </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mentor less advanced members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated Project Delivery </li></ul></ul>
  31. 36. 3. Waste Reduction <ul><li>In Design </li></ul><ul><li>In the Shop </li></ul><ul><li>In the Field </li></ul>
  32. 37. Waste Reduction <ul><li>40% of US solid waste stream is construction waste. 1 </li></ul>Image courtesy of Washington Times. 1. US Green Building Council
  33. 38. Waste Reduction
  34. 39. Waste Reduction in Design
  35. 40. <ul><li>Test Equipment Layout for Critical Spaces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surgery Suites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nurse Stations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Test Sightlines </li></ul><ul><li>Test Processes </li></ul><ul><li>Test Aesthetics </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced waste of User Changes after construction. </li></ul>Simulation & Virtual Prototyping
  36. 41. <ul><li>Reduced Document Coordination Effort </li></ul><ul><li>No duplication of effort between A/E </li></ul><ul><li>Real-time Project Metrics </li></ul><ul><li>Time for Efficient Design & Systems Coordination </li></ul>Documentation Waste
  37. 42. Waste Reduction in the Shop
  38. 43. Images courtesy of Marelich Mechanical Efficiency Algorithms
  39. 44. No Part Duplication
  40. 45. Waste Reduction in the Field
  41. 46. Just-in-time Delivery
  42. 47. Image courtesy of Marelich Mechanical
  43. 49. Image courtesy of Marelich Mechanical
  44. 51. 4. “Risk = Cost” Equation <ul><li>Decrease in Contractor’s Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease in Owner’s Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in Architect’s Exposure </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced Risk for All = Reduced Cost </li></ul>
  45. 52. <ul><li>Automatic Document Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>3D Systems Coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Building Simulation </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Fabrication </li></ul>Project Delivery Improvement
  46. 53. The Big BIM/IPD/Lean Idea
  47. 54. <ul><li>Reduced Coordination Errors </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced Unknown Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>More Efficient Workflow </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation & Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced Contingency </li></ul><ul><li> Increased Confidence &  Reduced Risk </li></ul>Decrease in Contractor’s Risk
  48. 55. Decrease in Owner’s Risk <ul><li>Reduced Bids Due To Reduced Contractor Risks </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced Risk Of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change Orders From Unknown Conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordination Changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fighting Among AEC Entities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduced User Changes Due To Better Pre-visualization And Planning </li></ul><ul><li> Reduced Risk </li></ul>
  49. 56. <ul><li>Unknown Consequences Of Sharing BIM Information </li></ul><ul><li>Design Only Information In BIM Model </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive Pre-coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Fabrication From Design Models </li></ul><ul><li>  Increased Exposure to Risk </li></ul>Increase in Architect’s Exposure
  50. 57. Reduced Risk for All = Reduced Cost Architect’s Exposure   However Architect’s Risk 
  51. 58. Recent Results
  52. 59. Recent Results <ul><li>RFI’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>53 Total </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 Due to AE Documentation Mistakes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bid at $4.28 million ( 37% Under Budget ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final Cost $4.72 million (10.32% Cost Increase) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primarily Added Scope from Owner Requests </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$62,000 Unexpected ( 1.3% add to bid price ) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  53. 60. Questions? Thank you for your time. Sincerely, Eric Peabody & Andrew Kim

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