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Overview Of Id
 

Overview Of Id

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    Overview Of Id Overview Of Id Presentation Transcript

    • Overview of the Instructional Design Process
      Curriculum Development
      TED5495
    • What is Instruction?
      Education –all experiences in which people learn
      Instruction – the deliberate arrangement of learning conditions to promote the attainment of some intended goal
      Training – instructional experience typically where specific skills are developed for immediate use
      Teaching – learning experience facilitated by a human being
    • What is Instruction?
    • What is Design?
      Design – implies a systematic or intensive planning and ideation process prior to the development of something of the execution of some plan in order to solve a problem
      Observations of design (Rowland, 1993)
      Goal directed process that creates something of practical utility
      Requires social interaction
      Involves problem solving, although not all problem solving is designing
      Involves technical skills, creativity, and rational and intuitive thought processes
    • What is Instructional Design?
      A systematic process for creating appropriate instruction.
      “Systematic” – methodical in procedure or plan; marked by thoroughness and regularity
      “appropriate” – especially suitable or compatible
      “instruction” – to give knowledge to; the action, practice, or profession of teaching
    • Why do we need a systematic process?
      Provides guidance in the creation of instruction
      Provides standards and measures for quality
      It is replicable
      Founded in research
    • What are the various models?
      Dick and Carey’s Systematic Design of Instruction
      ADDIE Instructional Systems Model
      Smith and Ragan’s Instructional Design Process Model
    • Dick and Carey
      Dick and Carey Design Model
      One of the best known models
      Approach is similar to software engineering
      Iterative process that starts by identifying instructional goals and ends with summative evaluation
      Model is applicable across a range of context areas (e.g., K-12 to business to government) and users (novice to expert).
    • Dick and Carey
      Dick and Carey
    • ADDIE
      Instructional Systems Design
      Affectionately know as ADDIE
      Five phases that revolve around the final phase of evaluation
      Simple, well-known, easy to use and understand
    • ADDIE
      Analyze
      Evaluate
      Implement
      Develop
      Design
      Analyze the system in order to understand it and describe the goals you wish to achieve.
      Design a method or model to achieve your goals.
      Develop the model into a product/course
      Implement the course
      Evaluate the course to ensure it is achieving the desired results.
    • Analyze
      Analyze
      Evaluate
      Implement
      Develop
      Design
      Adopted from Idaho State’s site at http://ed.isu.edu/addie/analyze/analyze.html
      Who is the audience (student characteristics)
      What do they need to learn (what is the goal)
      What are the delivery options
      What will the students do to determine competency
      What needs to be included in the content of the course
    • Design
      Analyze
      Evaluate
      Implement
      Develop
      Design
      What are the learning objectives (most important aspect of the process)
      What is the detailed course outline
      What is the sequence of topics/activities
      What assessment activities are needed
      What texts and materials are necessary
      What are the prerequisites
    • Develop
      Materials are collected, selected, and/or created
      Content is placed in delivery mechanism
      Check for alignment with goals and objectives
      Pilot content on similar audiences
      Analyze
      Evaluate
      Implement
      Develop
      Design
    • Implement
      Where the “rubber hits the road”
      Prepare the instructor / students
      Set up learning environment
      Facilitate instruction
      Analyze
      Evaluate
      Implement
      Develop
      Design
    • Evaluate
      Should be ongoing throughout the process
      Did the students meet the learning objectives
      What needs to be changed/revised
      Analyze
      Evaluate
      Implement
      Develop
      Design
    • ADDIE
      Analyze – what is the situation
      Design – what needs to be done
      Develop – create or locate resources needed
      Implement – facilitate the course/training in its intended environment
      Evaluate – what worked well, what didn’t, what needs to be changed
      Analyze
      Evaluate
      Implement
      Develop
      Design
    • Smith and Ragan
      Model we will use in the course
      Similar to others, although reduced to three primary processes
      Analysis
      Strategy
      Evaluation
      Gaining popularity in the field
    • Smith and Ragan
    • Who Does Instructional Design?
      Trainers
      Teachers
      Multimedia developers
      Activity – What jobs are out there? What are the requirements? What is the pay?