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Unit 6 b. defining and non defining relative clauses
 

Unit 6 b. defining and non defining relative clauses

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unit 6B. defining and non defining relative clauses.pptx.lnk

unit 6B. defining and non defining relative clauses.pptx.lnk

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    Unit 6 b. defining and non defining relative clauses Unit 6 b. defining and non defining relative clauses Presentation Transcript

    • Defining And Non DefiningRelative Clauses
      Unit 6C. I need a hero
    • How it works ...
      People who study languages have more opportunities
      [Main (relative clause) clause]
      In many of the cases, the relative pronoun works as the subject of the relative clause. In these cases we CAN’T omit the relative pronoun!
      She is the girl who gave us the good news!
      In other cases, the pronoun works as the object of the relative clause, then we CAN omit the relative pronoun!
      She is the girl (who) you want to meet
    • TYPES OF RELATIVE CLAUSES
      DEFINING
      It was my brother who worked in London, not my sister
      NON-DEFINING
      London, where he worked, is a very dynamic city.
    • DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
      They contain essential, unmissable information
      The sentence wouldn´t be complete without them
      Examples:
      • This is the new book that I’ve just bought.
      • United States is the country where most films are made.
      • She is the woman whose purse I found there!
    • NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
      Extra, unimportant information
      The principal sentence keeps the meaning if we omit this extra info (in red in the examples below)
      They usually go between commas. In speech, they are marked by a pause and special intonation.
      Examples:
      • My brother, who worked in London, is not going to come today.
      • Melilla, where I was born, is a multi-cultural city.
      • She, who is British, works as a scientist.
    • RELATIVE PRONOUNS
      Who (can be substituted by THAT in *DC)
      Which (can be substituted by THAT in DC)
      Where (no omission, no substitution by THAT)
      Whose (no omission, no substitution by THAT)
      Why (no omission, no substitution by THAT)
      Whom (in formal structures). See next slides
      * DC = Defining clause
    • FORMAL AND INFORMAL STRUCTURE (whom)
      If the verb in the relative clause is followed by a preposition ON, TO, FOR, WITH, then…
      We will have 2 ways to form a relative clause:
    • FORMAL
      The woman towhom I talked was very nice.
      She is the woman forwhom they have been looking.
      - The preposition comes before the relative pronoun.
      Then …
      - We use the relative pronoun WHOM instead of WHO
    • INFORMAL
      The woman (WHO) I talked to was very nice.
      She is a very nice woman (WHO) you can trust in
      The preposition comes after the verb.
      The relative pronoun can be omitted in these cases.
    • That´s all, folks ….
      More info in your books, unit 6C