REPORTED                SPEECHUNIT 6 A .Statements, questions and commands
USEThe REPORTED SPEECH is used to report what aperson says without using their exact words.Examples:  DIRECT STYLE:   Tom ...
CHANGESWe need to keep in mind that some changeswill be necessary:     1. Verb tenses     2. Time words and expressions   ...
VERB TENSE CHANGESDIRECT SPEECH---------------------------- REPORTED SPEECHPRESENT----------------------------------------...
SUMMARY                                                  REPORTED     TENSE        DIRECT SPEECH                          ...
MODALS CHANGE, TOO!  DIRECT         REPORTED  SPEECH          SPEECH     CAN          COULD     MAY          MIGHTMUST / H...
TIME AND PLACE WORDS AND       EXPRESSIONS  DIRECT SPEECH                 REPORTED SPEECHNow                ThenToday     ...
Reported statements“That” can be omitted: She told him THAT she was happy. She told him she was happy. Remember! No quotat...
SAY or TELL ?If we use tell in our reported sentences, wenormally mention the person addressed:D.S.: Peter said, “Ann, I’m...
Reported questionsHere we keep the same changes:    1. Verb tenses    2. Time words and expressions    3. PronounsIn “REPO...
But we should pay attention to... :1. YES/NO QUESTIONS         IF / WHETHER + S + VERB + COMPLEMENT      Peter asked : "Do...
Reported commands  Here we keep the same changes: verb tense, time words and  expressions, and pronouns  The verb tense go...
ASKING FOR SOMETHING:           ask + for + object  a. "Can I have an apple?", she asked.    She asked for an apple.  b. "...
Power point supplementinggrammar bank information    Unit 6 A “LOVE IN THE      SUPERMARKET”
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Unit 6 a. love in the supermarket. reported speech

1,018

Published on

Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,018
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
31
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Unit 6 a. love in the supermarket. reported speech

  1. 1. REPORTED SPEECHUNIT 6 A .Statements, questions and commands
  2. 2. USEThe REPORTED SPEECH is used to report what aperson says without using their exact words.Examples: DIRECT STYLE: Tom said: “We are going to the cinema this afternoon.” REPORTED SPEECH: Tom said that they WERE GOING to the cinema THAT afternoon.
  3. 3. CHANGESWe need to keep in mind that some changeswill be necessary: 1. Verb tenses 2. Time words and expressions 3. Pronouns EXAMPLEDIRECT: Tom said: “We are going to visit Ann tomorrow”REPORTED: Tom said that THEY WERE GOING TO VISIT Ann THE FOLLOWING DAY
  4. 4. VERB TENSE CHANGESDIRECT SPEECH---------------------------- REPORTED SPEECHPRESENT-------------------------------------------------------------PAST We study She said that they STUDIED We are studying She said that they WERE STUDYINGPAST-----------------------------------------------------PAST PERFECTWe studied She said that they HAD STUDIEDWe were studying She said that they HAD BEEN STUDYINGFUTURE---------------------------------------------------CONDITIONALWe will study She said that they WOULD STUDY
  5. 5. SUMMARY REPORTED TENSE DIRECT SPEECH TENSE SPEECH She said that they ATEPRESENT SIMPLE We eat healthy food PAST SIMPLE healthy foodPRESENT We are eating healthy She said that they WERE PAST CONTINUOUSCONTINUOUS food EATING healthy foodPRESENT PERFECT We have eaten healthy She said that they HAD PAST PERFECTSIMPLE food EATEN healthy food SIMPLEPRESENT PERFECT We have been eating She said that they HAD PAST PERFECTCONTINUOUS healthy food BEEN EATING healthy food CONTINUOUS She said that they HAD PAST PERFECTPAST SIMPLE We ate healthy food EATEN healthy food SIMPLE We were eating healthy She said that they HAD PAST PERFECTPAST CONTINUOUS food BEEN EATING healthy food CONTINUOUSPAST PERFECT We had eaten healthy She said that they HAD PAST PERFECTSIMPLE food EATEN healthy food SIMPLEPAST PERFECT We had been eating She said that THEY HAD PAST PERFECTCONTINUOUS healthy food BEEN EATING healthy food CONTINUOUS She said that they WOULDFUTURE SIMPLE We will eat healthy food CONDITIONAL SIMPLE EAT healthy food
  6. 6. MODALS CHANGE, TOO! DIRECT REPORTED SPEECH SPEECH CAN COULD MAY MIGHTMUST / HAVE TO HAD TO WILL WOULD
  7. 7. TIME AND PLACE WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECHNow ThenToday That dayTonight That nightYesterday The previous day / the day beforeLast week The previous week / the week beforeA __________ ago The previous ______ / the _____ beforeTomorrow The following day / the day after / the next dayNext ___________ The following ________ / the _______ afterHere ThereThis ThatThese Those
  8. 8. Reported statements“That” can be omitted: She told him THAT she was happy. She told him she was happy. Remember! No quotation marks in reported speech...
  9. 9. SAY or TELL ?If we use tell in our reported sentences, wenormally mention the person addressed:D.S.: Peter said, “Ann, I’m very ill.”R.S.: Peter told ANN that he was very ill.
  10. 10. Reported questionsHere we keep the same changes: 1. Verb tenses 2. Time words and expressions 3. PronounsIn “REPORTED QUESTIONS” we CAN´T use the interrogativeform. The new sentence takes the form of an affirmative: Subjetc+ verb + complementTom asked: “Are you coming to the party tonight, Jane?”Tom asked Jane IF SHE WAS COMING TO THE PARTY THAT NIGHT.
  11. 11. But we should pay attention to... :1. YES/NO QUESTIONS IF / WHETHER + S + VERB + COMPLEMENT Peter asked : "Do you play football?" Peter asked me WHETHER/(IF) I played football.2. QUESTION WITH QUESTION WORDS: INTERROGATIVE WORD + S + VERB + COMPLEMENT Peter asked: "When do you play football?" Peter asked me WHEN I played football.
  12. 12. Reported commands Here we keep the same changes: verb tense, time words and expressions, and pronouns The verb tense goes from IMPERATIVE (en D.S.) to INFINITIVE (en R.S). This is the structure typically followed: TELL + to (not to) + infinitive Affirmative commands Negative commandsD.S: Father: "Do your homework!“ D.S: Teacher. "Dont talk to your mate!"R.S: Father told me to do my R.S: The teacher told me not to talk tohomework. my mate.
  13. 13. ASKING FOR SOMETHING: ask + for + object a. "Can I have an apple?", she asked. She asked for an apple. b. "Can I have the newspaper, please?" He asked for the newspaper.
  14. 14. Power point supplementinggrammar bank information Unit 6 A “LOVE IN THE SUPERMARKET”
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×