THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS
This baby’s playing with his toy.
This baby’s playing with his toy. <ul><li>An activity in progress </li></ul><ul><li>TO BE (am/are/is) + VERB + ing </li></ul>
This baby’s laughing.
<ul><li>Gestures, movement, etc. in progress (happening now). </li></ul><ul><li>Laugh + ing </li></ul>This baby’s laughing.
The baby’s smiling.
The baby’s smiling. <ul><li>Basic Verb = SMILE (silent E) </li></ul><ul><li>(verb −  E) + ING. </li></ul><ul><li>SMILING <...
The baby’s sleeping.
The baby’s sleeping. <ul><li>Is sleeping an  activity  in progress? </li></ul><ul><li>No, it isn’t! However, we use the Pr...
She’s sitting in her highchair.
She’s sitting in her highchair. <ul><li>Basic Verb = SIT Consonant + Vowel + Consonant </li></ul><ul><li>Double Consonant ...
Beginning / Happening <ul><li>Double the consonant when the stress is on the  final syllable . BE GIN . -  She’s beginning...
He’s lying down.
He’s lying down. <ul><li>Basic Verb = LIE </li></ul><ul><li>We change IE to Y – LYING. </li></ul><ul><li>DIE – dying / TIE...
She’s looking very pretty. <ul><li>She looks pretty. (= always) </li></ul><ul><li>She’s looking very pretty in her pink dr...
Sam’s going to the park with his grandmother.
Sam’s going to the park with his grandmother. <ul><li>This is happening now. </li></ul><ul><li>It isn’t a habit. </li></ul...
Sam goes to playschool in the morning.
However, he’s staying at home this morning.
He’s staying at home because he’s got a cold.
He’s staying at home because he’s got a cold. <ul><li>Sam usually goes  to playschool,  but  he’s staying  at home this mo...
David’s eating yogurts now.
David’s eating yogurts now. <ul><li>The Present Continuous is for a change. </li></ul><ul><li>It isn’t happening exactly a...
What’s she having to eat? <ul><li>She’s having vegetables for lunch. </li></ul>
What’s she having to eat? <ul><li>Compare: A- She’s having vegetables for lunch. B- She has short hair. (She’s got...) A =...
I love my daddy.
I love my daddy. <ul><li>LOVE refers to a ‘state’. </li></ul><ul><li>The Present Continuous  isn’t for characteristics/sta...
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Present Continuous

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A simple introduction to the Present Continuous tense.

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Present Continuous

  1. 1. THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS
  2. 2. This baby’s playing with his toy.
  3. 3. This baby’s playing with his toy. <ul><li>An activity in progress </li></ul><ul><li>TO BE (am/are/is) + VERB + ing </li></ul>
  4. 4. This baby’s laughing.
  5. 5. <ul><li>Gestures, movement, etc. in progress (happening now). </li></ul><ul><li>Laugh + ing </li></ul>This baby’s laughing.
  6. 6. The baby’s smiling.
  7. 7. The baby’s smiling. <ul><li>Basic Verb = SMILE (silent E) </li></ul><ul><li>(verb − E) + ING. </li></ul><ul><li>SMILING </li></ul><ul><li>For Example: </li></ul><ul><li>COME – coming </li></ul><ul><li>GIVE – giving </li></ul><ul><li>LEAVE – leaving </li></ul><ul><li>TAKE – taking </li></ul>
  8. 8. The baby’s sleeping.
  9. 9. The baby’s sleeping. <ul><li>Is sleeping an activity in progress? </li></ul><ul><li>No, it isn’t! However, we use the Present Continuous with certain verbs: sleep, lie, sit, stand, wear, etc. when we mean NOW, at the moment. </li></ul>
  10. 10. She’s sitting in her highchair.
  11. 11. She’s sitting in her highchair. <ul><li>Basic Verb = SIT Consonant + Vowel + Consonant </li></ul><ul><li>Double Consonant + ing. </li></ul><ul><li>SITTING </li></ul>
  12. 12. Beginning / Happening <ul><li>Double the consonant when the stress is on the final syllable . BE GIN . - She’s beginning to eat vegetables. </li></ul><ul><li>BUT: HAPP EN. - What’s happening? </li></ul><ul><li>Exception: Double the final letter L. TRAVEL. – She’s travelling in her car seat. (USA: traveling) </li></ul>
  13. 13. He’s lying down.
  14. 14. He’s lying down. <ul><li>Basic Verb = LIE </li></ul><ul><li>We change IE to Y – LYING. </li></ul><ul><li>DIE – dying / TIE – tying </li></ul><ul><li>(!) Regular: BUY – buying / FLY – flying </li></ul><ul><li>SKI – skiing / STUDY - studying </li></ul>
  15. 15. She’s looking very pretty. <ul><li>She looks pretty. (= always) </li></ul><ul><li>She’s looking very pretty in her pink dress today. (= especially now) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Sam’s going to the park with his grandmother.
  17. 17. Sam’s going to the park with his grandmother. <ul><li>This is happening now. </li></ul><ul><li>It isn’t a habit. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s something different. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Sam goes to playschool in the morning.
  19. 19. However, he’s staying at home this morning.
  20. 20. He’s staying at home because he’s got a cold.
  21. 21. He’s staying at home because he’s got a cold. <ul><li>Sam usually goes to playschool, but he’s staying at home this morning, because he’s got a cold. </li></ul><ul><li>The Present Continuous is for a change in routine. </li></ul>
  22. 22. David’s eating yogurts now.
  23. 23. David’s eating yogurts now. <ul><li>The Present Continuous is for a change. </li></ul><ul><li>It isn’t happening exactly at this time, but it happens frequently. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a new routine. </li></ul><ul><li>For Example: I’m reading The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo these days. </li></ul>
  24. 24. What’s she having to eat? <ul><li>She’s having vegetables for lunch. </li></ul>
  25. 25. What’s she having to eat? <ul><li>Compare: A- She’s having vegetables for lunch. B- She has short hair. (She’s got...) A = eat/drink => Present Continuous. B = possess => NOT continuous. </li></ul><ul><li>For Example:  I’m thinking about Christmas already.  The baby’s crying. I think she’s hungry. </li></ul>
  26. 26. I love my daddy.
  27. 27. I love my daddy. <ul><li>LOVE refers to a ‘state’. </li></ul><ul><li>The Present Continuous isn’t for characteristics/states/opinions: </li></ul><ul><li>be, believe, know, understand, like, hate, need, want, possess, mean, seem .. . </li></ul>

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