Present Simple  and  Present Continuous
We use the  simple present  : <ul><li>for things that happen   REGULARLY .  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I  exercise   in the mor...
THIRD PERSON SINGULAR SPELLING RULES a) General Rule: Add –s to most verbs stop work read stand stops works reads stands c...
THIRD PERSON SINGULAR SPELLING RULES Change the  – y  to  – i  and add – es  when the base form ends in a consonant + y . ...
THIRD PERSON SINGULAR SPELLING RULES We add  ‘-es’  to the verbs that end in  vowel,  – ch , - s  , - sh , - x , or – z or...
 
<ul><li>The  Present Continuous  is used to : </li></ul><ul><li>express   actions we are doing in this moment  or what is ...
<ul><li>We can also use the  Present Continuos  to talk about our  plans for the future. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ m  work ing ...
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Present simple and continuous

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Present simple and continuous: Form and use

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Present simple and continuous

  1. 1. Present Simple and Present Continuous
  2. 2. We use the simple present : <ul><li>for things that happen REGULARLY . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I exercise in the mornings. I go to the gym every day. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>for timetables </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The stores open at 9:00 a.m. and close at 7:00 p.m. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>for universal truths : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Earth goes around the sun. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. THIRD PERSON SINGULAR SPELLING RULES a) General Rule: Add –s to most verbs stop work read stand stops works reads stands come speak comes speaks
  4. 4. THIRD PERSON SINGULAR SPELLING RULES Change the – y to – i and add – es when the base form ends in a consonant + y . fly flies cry cries stay play stays plays study tidy studies tidies Do not change the – y when the base form ends in a vowel + y . Add – s
  5. 5. THIRD PERSON SINGULAR SPELLING RULES We add ‘-es’ to the verbs that end in vowel, – ch , - s , - sh , - x , or – z or . cross lose buzz flash wish tea ch catch crosses loses buzzes flashes wishes teaches catches go goes
  6. 7. <ul><li>The Present Continuous is used to : </li></ul><ul><li>express actions we are doing in this moment or what is happening right now. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I am play ing tennis with my friend. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Martha isn’t us ing the computer. She is tak ing a break. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Javier is do ing exercise in the gym. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>describe pictures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the painting, the two men are going out of the nightclub. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>We can also use the Present Continuos to talk about our plans for the future. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ m work ing this Saturday. I ’m finish ing a report. </li></ul><ul><li>My mother is bak ing a cake tomorrow. It’s my birthday. </li></ul><ul><li>They aren’t go ing to the party tonight. They need to study. </li></ul><ul><li>James is play ing soccer next week. Would you like to come? </li></ul><ul><li>Tomorrow I’m meeting Peter at The Drunken Dunk. </li></ul><ul><li>Questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Are you go ing cycling tomorrow morging? Yes, I’m go ing . </li></ul><ul><li>Where are you stay ing in U. S. A? </li></ul><ul><li>I ’m stay ing at my mother’s house. </li></ul><ul><li>Are they go ing shopp ing tomorrow? </li></ul><ul><li>No, they are go ing swimming. </li></ul>

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