The political economy of Barcelona’s urbanization


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Thursday 7/7/2011 Greig Charnock (University of Manchester). The political economy of Barcelona’s urbanization.

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  • Introducing the title, ourselves and all the formalisms
  • Brief explanation of the 22@ project and results
  • The political economy of Barcelona’s urbanization

    1. 1. Greig Charnock, The University of Manchester Ramon Ribera-Fumaz, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya The Production of Barcelona
    2. 2. Lecture Plan <ul><li>Opening Remarks </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of Lefebvre’s metafilosophie and his critique of representations </li></ul><ul><li>The Barcelona Case </li></ul><ul><li>22@Barcelona </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mondialisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Representations of space </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ciutat Vella </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contradictory Space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The politics of difference </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Opening Remarks <ul><li>“ The production of space is the logical corollary of the production of nature” (Neil Smith) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Urban modernity as a particular set of processes of socio-metabolic transformations promises exactly the possibility of the active, democratic, and empowering creation of those socio-physical environments we wish to inhabit” (Erik Swyngedouw) </li></ul>
    4. 5. Levebvre’s metaphilosophie <ul><li>Dialectical materialism </li></ul><ul><li>Production in the broadest sense </li></ul><ul><li>The survival of capitalism </li></ul><ul><li>The urban-form; abstract space of homogeneity, relativised difference, and self-regulation of alienated subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Differential space ; irreducibility of everyday life </li></ul><ul><li>Revolution of everyday life; generalised self-management ( autogestion ) </li></ul>
    5. 6. Levebvre’s production of space
    6. 7. Representations & Political Space <ul><li>Knowledge ( savoir ) a productive force </li></ul><ul><li>Representations: abstract, formal, instrumental, servicable, violent </li></ul><ul><li>Critique of epistemology and of ‘models’ </li></ul><ul><li>Political space … </li></ul><ul><li>… worldwide space ( mondialisation ) </li></ul>
    7. 8. Representations & Political Space Diagonal Mar (BCN)
    8. 9. Representations & Political Space Hazomon (Tokyo) Diagonal Mar (BCN)
    9. 14. Mondialisation
    10. 15. ‘ The new economy develops in an international framework, it has a global character, it has made creativity and information processing one of the basic competitive and productivity factors and it is organised around city networks. At the same time, this international framework generates an increasing interdependence between urban areas, and turns competition among cities in a game that takes place on the board of international economy’ Mondialisation
    11. 16. ‘ social and political space on a world scale reproduces and accentuates the local and national links to the productive forces, to advanced technologies (notably to information technologies), to property relations (notably those of states and their territories), to forms of organisation (notably to transnational firms), to ideologies (notably the representations of airspace, information, etc)’, and, in this way, ‘ The capitalist mode of production realises itself ’ (Lefebvre). Mondialisation
    12. 17. m 2 transformation existing industrial land m 2 new construction recognition of existing dwellings new subsidised housing units m 2 of green area land total investment in infrastructure 1,159,626 3,200,000 4,614 4,000 114,000 € 180,000,000 22@: The knowledge district
    13. 18. ‘ the coexistence of industrial, residential and service sector buildings, of greatly varying size, importance and styles, in very close proximity with what are, at times, brutal discontinuities and breaks. A highly irregular fabric is formed, with little homogeneity ’ (Clos, 2004) Poblenou: ‘Sick Social Space’
    14. 20. Like those a century ago, today’s new urbanist and compact city architects prepare a design for a place to be built according to a plan. It is not evolutionary … Form, as biologists and geologists understand it, is an outcome of evolution. Form is a snapshot of process … Form, in and of itself, is not measurable in terms of sustainability (Neumann, 2005) Questioning the ‘Compact’ Urban Form
    15. 21. – Sinónimos: cohesión, consistencia, solidez, unanimidad, unión, concordia – Antónimos: discordia, oposición’ (Guidoni, 2007) Modelling Social Space
    16. 24. In the street … consumption gleams in all its hallowed splendour’, ‘far away, in the factories … [and] on the working class estates, everything is functional, everything is a signal – the repetitive gestures by which the labour force keeps on going in its everyday life (Lefebvre) The Circuit of Everyday Life
    17. 25. Closing the Circuit of Everyday Life
    18. 26. Contradictory Space
    19. 27. Ciutat Vella
    20. 28. ‘ The Hole of Shame’
    21. 29. ‘ The Hole of Shame’
    22. 30. ‘ The Hole of Shame’
    23. 31. ‘ The Hole of Shame’