3 of 4 hazardous waste landfills in Southern states in predominantly African American communities ( U.S. General Accounting Office (1983) study, Siting of Hazardous Waste Landfills and Their Correlation With Racial and Economic Status of Surrounding Communities. )
Race --NOT poverty, land values, or home ownership-- strongly correlated with location of facilities . ( Commission for Racial Justice (1987) to produce Toxic Wastes and Race in the United States )
Poorer people are exposed to greater health hazards in their homes, and where they work and play than more affluent members of society (Bryant & Mohai, 1992; Bullard, 1994a)
Community coalition for environmental justice, Seattle, WA
Factories in UK more likely located in poorer communities
662 factories are found in areas with average household income of less than £15,000.
5 factories are found in areas with average household income above £30,000
In London, over 90% of polluting factories are in areas with below average income
In the North East, over 80% of polluting factories are in areas with below average income.
More factories, higher poverty.
(See Friends of the Earth UK)
Environmental Justice in CEE
Workshops bringing together human rights and environmental activists, academics, and lawyers.
Coalition for Environmental Justice
Case study report: access to water and waste treatment, flood risk, exposure to hazards.
Transatlantic Initiative for Environmental Justice: Coalition for EJ and US EJ activists
Collaborative, small-scale projects
Struggles for environmental justice all over the world
Struggles against dam issues in India and China
Mining issues in South America
Climate change justice issues in Africa
Evolution of Environmental Movement
Social justice, civil rights, and environmental movements
Just Sustainability (see J. Agyeman’s work): white middle class environmental movement and environmental justice movement
Death of environmentalism? Need for coalition forming